Plant and Fungal Trees of Life (PAFTOL)
Discovering and disseminating the evolutionary history of all plant and fungal genera.
Discovering and disseminating the evolutionary history of all plant and fungal genera
Evolutionary trees are powerful tools for prediction, species discovery, monitoring and conservation. They help us understand how the world’s plants and fungi are related to each other and how they have evolved. Through comparative analysis of DNA sequence data, the backbone of the tree of life is already relatively well understood, and many components have been studied in great detail. However, data are still lacking for many genera and the majority of species of plants and fungi, preventing their accurate placement within this evolutionary framework. Exploiting Kew’s unrivalled collections, the Plant and Fungal Trees of Life project (PAFTOL) is now completing the tree, by generating and compiling high throughput DNA sequence data for one representative of all 14,000 flowering plant genera and all 8,200 fungal genera by 2020.
- Genomic data for one representative of all 14,000 flowering plant genera.
- Genomic data for one representative of all 8,200 fungal genera.
- Creation of the Angiosperm353 probe kit, a universal toolkit for targeted sequencing of 353 genes from any flowering plant.
- The publication of high impact science papers of relevance to the broadest scientific audience.
- Up-to-date tree of life (and all underpinning data) made publicly available online.
- Engagement and dialogue around PAFTOL's research and approaches with both the public and scientific communities.
- The Calleva Foundation
- The Sackler Trust
- Garfield Weston
Data analysis team
Dr Paul Bailey
Dr Kevin Leempoel
Dr Tom Carruthers
Kew Tree of Life Explorer team
All data generated by PAFTOL are publicly released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license and the Toronto guidelines on pre-publication data sharing (Toronto International Data Release Workshop Authors 2009).
Raw sequence reads are deposited in the European Nucleotide Archive under umbrella project PRJEB35285.
Scripts and other files relating to our phylogenomic pipeline are available at our GitHub.
Full details of the PAFTOL methods workflow for plants can be found in Baker et al. 2021.
A summary of our methods can be found here.
We currently have special projects on the following plant families and if you would like to find out more about our progress, or how to contribute, please email the associated contact:
Acanthaceae, Achariaceae, Aizoaceae, Anacardiaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Apiales, Aquifoliales, Araceae, Arecaceae, Asphodelaceae, Asteraceae, Caryophyllales, Celastrales, Chrysobalanaceae, Connaraceae, Cunoniaceae, Cyperaceae, Dioscoreales, Orchidaceae, Ericales, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Fabaceae (Phaseolineae), Gentianales, Iridaceae, Lamiales, Laurales (Monimiaceae), Linderniaceae, Magnoliales, Malpighiales, Malvales, Moraceae, Myristicaceae, Myrtales, Ochnaceae, Oxalidales, Poaceae, Podostemaceae, Portulacineae, Primulaceae, Proteales, Sapindaceae, Sapindales, Solanaceae, Thymelaeaceae & Urticaceae.
PAFTOL is actively working with other projects and initiatives that share our goals: