KS2 Evolution and adaptation

Follow in the footsteps of Darwin and unravel the mysteries of how plants have adapted to a variety of habitats, from the dry deserts to the hot rainforest.

A vast amount of palm trees


Key Stage 2


90 minutes

Allocated space

15 pupils per group


Follow in Darwin’s footsteps and explore how plants and animals have evolved over time and adapted to a variety of different climates and  habitats.

This session takes you on a journey through time in our Evolution Garden to unravel the mysteries of plant evolution and adaptation.

This session is best suited for upper Key Stage 2 pupils, due to the concepts explored and language included.

Learning outcomes 

Pupils will be able to:

  • Explore how plants have changed over time and observe evolution up close.
  • Recognise which plants grow in which habitats and how they have adapted to suit that environment through evolution. 
  • Identify individual plant adaptations and their purpose.

We will ensure the learning outcomes focus on the year group taking part. 

Curriculum links


Year 6 – Evolution and inheritance

  • Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.
  • Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.

Working scientifically

  • Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions.
  • Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions.
  • Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.


  • Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas.

Example keywords: evolution, inheritance, fossil, adaptation, competition, climate, habitat, reproduction, climatic conditions.

A boy examines a flower

Key Stage 2 sessions

Our Key Stage 2 sessions are designed to inspire and engage pupils of 7 to 11 years.