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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson
© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 400–800 cm long; 2–3 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes quadrangular; hollow; 10–16 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes flush with internodes, or swollen; pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; chartaceous; purple and white; distinctly mottled with last colour; hispid; hairy at the base; with tawny hairs; hairy on margins; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule ciliate. Culm-sheath blade linear; demarcated but persistent; erect; 0.1–0.3 cm long. Leaves cauline; 2–4 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; pale. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 10–19 cm long; 10–20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8–12 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty (1–3 spikelets); with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet.
Fertile spikelets sessile.
FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 3–12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 20–30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
GLUMES Glumes two, or several; 2–3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
FLORETS Fertile lemma oblong; chartaceous; without keel; 7–8 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
FLOWER Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
FRUIT Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; 4–7 mm long. Endosperm evanescent.
DISTRIBUTION Asia-temperate: China.
NOTES Arundinarieae. Wen 1996.
Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.