GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora


W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Aristida constricta

HABIT Perennial. Culms 24–26 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheath oral hairs sparsely bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades curled (lower), or straight (upper); flat (lower), or convolute (upper); 10–33 cm long; 2–3.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute; antrorsely scabrous.

INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle.

Panicle spiciform; 10–15 cm long.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; straight; 1–1.3 mm long; bearded; acute.

GLUMES Glumes persistent; dissimilar (lower longer than upper). Lower glume lanceolate; 16–19.5 mm long; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough generally. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate; awned. Upper glume lanceolate; 13–15 mm long; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex entire; setaceously attenuate.

FLORETS Fertile lemma subterete; 7–9 mm long; without keel; rounded throughout; 3 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above; without grooves. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; ascending; pseudo-articulate at base (of column); with 32–40 mm long limb; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 10–15 mm long. Lateral lemma awns ascending; 26–32 mm long; shorter than principal.

DISTRIBUTION South America: Brazil.

NOTES Aristideae. Lo-W 1993.

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.