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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson
© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate.
INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; leafless between clusters.
FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.47–10.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
GLUMES Glumes several. Lower glume surface without pits.
FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate; without keel; wingless. Lemma surface unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets 2 in number.
FLOWER Lodicules 3; ciliate. Anthers 6. Ovary umbonate.
DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia.
Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 16th November 2012.