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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson
© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
HABIT Perennial. Culms 50–140 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes.
Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral. Rhachis angular; terminating in a barren extension; extension bristle-like. Spikelet packing abaxial; 2 -rowed.
Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles. Involucral bristles persistent; flexible.
FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 3.5–4.7 mm long; falling entire.
GLUMES Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; herbaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface without pits. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 9–11 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
FLORETS Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; cartilaginous; 5 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret becoming indurate on flanks at maturity; winged on keels. Fertile lemma elliptic; indurate; without keel; wingless. Lemma surface papillose; unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea indurate.
DISTRIBUTION Pacific, or North America, or South America.
Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 27th January 2014.