GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

Descriptions

W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Actinocladum

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 300–460 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; flabellate; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; auriculate. Culm-sheath blade ovate; constricted at base. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate.

INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle, or comprising only a few spikelets; axillary.

Panicle open.

Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 7–10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 60–75 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; pilose.

GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.7–0.75 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface without pits. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.6–0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 11 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.

FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; chartaceous; without keel; wingless; 13 -veined. Lemma surface unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1.1 length of lemma; chartaceous; 18 -veined. Palea keels winged; ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.

FLOWER Lodicules 3; glabrous, or ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.

FRUIT Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; ellipsoid. Embryo 0.15 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.

DISTRIBUTION South America.

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 27th January 2014.