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Novenia S. E. Freire, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 24 (34): 296 (1986)

Type: Gnaphalium tunariense Kuntze = Novenia tunariensis (Kuntze) S. E. Freire = Novenia acaulis (Wedd. ex Benth. & Hook. f.) S. E. Freire & F. Hellwig. Note: Nesom & Robinson (2006: 299) cited the incorrect authority for the type. The name provided by Schultz Bipontinus (based on Weddells determination) was a nom. nud.; the validating Latin diagnosis was provided in Bentham & Hookers Genera Plantarum, but under Dolichogyne, at the end of their treatment of Lepidophyllum (q.v. Bentham & Hooker, 1873: 257258).


Cabrera, A. L. (1945). Sinopsis del gnero Lepidophyllum (Compositae). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 1(1): 4858.

Cabrera, A. L. (1975). Nota sobre cinco Compositae de la Republica Argentina. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 16(3): 255--260.

Dillon, M. O. & A. Sagstegui Alva. (1991). Novenia. In: J. F. Macbride & collab., Flora of Peru, Family Asteraceae: Part V. Fieldiana, Bot. n.s. 26 (1422): 5658.

Freire, S. E. (1986). Novenia: Nuevo g nero de Inuleae (Compositae). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 24(34): 295304.

Freire, S. E. & F. Hellwig. (1990). A new combination in Novenia (Compositae: Inuleae). Taxon 39(1): 124125.

Nesom, G. L. (1994). Subtribal classification of the Astereae (Asteraceae). Phytologia 76(3): 192274.

Novenia acaulis (Wedd. ex Benth. & Hook. f.) S. E. Freire & F. Hellwig, TAXON 39(1): 125 (1990).

Dolichogyne acaulis Wedd. ex Sch.Bip., Linnaea 34(5) 534 (1865), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 211, but with the note (Habitus Werneriae.)

Dolichogyne acaulis Wedd. ex Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2: 258 (1873). Type: Pl. Mandon. Exs. n. 211. Holotype (see note below): K; isotype: BM, GOET, US. Note: Freire (1986: 125) gave the following type citation: Bolivia: Prov. a Larecaja, Viciniis Sorata: via ad Lacatia, ad fontes rivi Aparasiri, Sa., in graminosis, Alt. Reg. alpina, 3900 m, 8bre 1858-Mai 1859, Mandoni 211.

Lepidophyllum acaule (Wedd. ex Benth. & Hook.f.) B. D. Jacks., Index Kewensis 2(3): 58 (1894). Note: This combination was not made by Bentham & Hooker f. as is sometimes cited.

*Gnaphalium tunariense Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 155 (1898). Type: Bolivia: Tunarigebirge 40005000 m, besonders auf Torfmooren hufig. [Apr-May 1892, Kuntze s.n.] Holotype: NY.

Lucilia tunariensis (Kuntze) K. Schum., Just. Bot. Jahresber. 28: 378 (1898).

Mniodes tunariensis (Kuntze) Hieron. ex Weberb., El Mundo Veg. de los Andes Peruanos : 731 (1945).

Novenia tunariensis (Kuntze) S. E. Freire, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 24(3'-4): 295 (1986).

Argentina, Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Note: The authority of this taxon is corrected here since Dolichogyne acaulis was validly described in Genera Plantarum. The basionym was oddly lectotypified by Freire & Hellwig, especially since Bentham & Hooker f., and Jackson, would have seen the material in K, but not necessarily in the BM to describe it. Since it is accepted that whilst Bentham is the author of the Compositae account Bentham & Hooker f. are to be taken as authors of any novelties, unless specifically stated. Cabrera (1955: 210, 1975:255) very strangely included the two names, Dolichogyne acaulis and Lepidophyllum acaule in the synonymy of Psila caespitosa and Baccharis acaulis respectively. Freire (1986), Freire & Hellwig (1990) and Dillon & Sagstegui Alva (1991) placed it in the Inuleae, but Anderberg (1991) left it unplaced in the Asteroideae (but not in the Plucheae or Gnaphalieae), as did Bremer (1994); Nesom (1994) finally placed the genus in the subtribe Hinterhuberinae Cuatrec. of the Astereae.

Novenia tunariensis (Kuntze) S. E. Freire, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 24(34): 295 (1986) = Novenia acaulis (Wedd. ex Benth. & Hook.f.) S. E. Freire & F. Hellwig