Forest ecosystems play an important role in the biogeochemical processes of the earth, and are therefore crucial to mitigate the impacts of human-induced climate change. Trees and forests also provide many direct benefits for humans, such as the production of timber, firewood, ritual aspects, etc., as well as vital ecosystem services such as clean water and the prevention of soil erosion.
The 76,000km2 Caribbean island of Hispaniola is divided between two sovereign nations, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Deforestation is a major threat to livelihoods across Hispaniola, as forests protect and sustain freshwater resources used for drinking water and irrigation.
Enset is a large perennial herbaceous plant similar in form to the related banana. It is encountered as a wild plant across central, eastern and southern Africa. However, it has only been domesticated in Ethiopia, where it currently provides a food source for ~20 million people via its corm and stem base supplying dietary starch.