A collection of tropical, sub-tropical and temperate Orchidaceae encompassing terrestrial, epiphytic and lithophytic species.
Location: Tropical Nursery, Princess of Wales Conservatory, Palm House and Temperate House. Hardy species in the Rock Garden and wildflower areas
Taxa: 2,500 Accessions: 4,500 Wild-sourced: 27%
Geographic strengths: Malaysia, Indonesia, China, Africa, Madagascar and Cambodia
Taxonomic strengths: National scientific collection of Maxillaria; generic collections of Paphiopedilum, Bulbophyllum, Oncidium and Oeoniella
Notable specimens: Dendrobium forbesii (New Guinea); the Critically Endangered Epidendrum montserratense (endemic to Montserrat, Caribbean); the Critically Endangered Paphiopedilum druryi (endemic to South India and only found as small colonies in the Agastyamala Hills); and Phaius tankervilleae (linked to eighteenth century collections and the first tropical terrestrial orchids brought to flowering at Kew); 600 accessions are on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species