GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora


W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Bambusa indigena

HABIT Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 800–1300 cm long; 30–60 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; with small lumen; mid-green and purple; mottled; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several. Culm-sheaths deciduous; glabrous; convex at apex; auriculate; with unequal auricles; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 2–3 mm high; dentate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect. Leaves cauline. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5–15 cm long; 8–12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; sparsely hairy; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.

INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 4–6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25–30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.

GLUMES Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet.

FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; 9–11 mm long; without keel. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels eciliate. Palea apex ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.

FLOWER Lodicules 3; 3 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary pubescent on apex.

FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.

DISTRIBUTION Asia-temperate: China.

NOTES Bambuseae. Lin 2002.

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.