GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora


W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


HABIT Perennial. Culms erect (1), or geniculately ascending (1); 20–52.5–90 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades stiff (1), or firm (1).

INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal (1), or terminal and axillary (1); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (1), or an inflated leaf-sheath (1).

Racemes paired (1), or digitate (1). Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip oblique.

Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels linear.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3.5–4.625–5.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded.

GLUMES Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (1), or oblong (1); chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume surface without pits; villous. Lower glume apex dentate; 2–3 -fid. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined, or 4–5 -veined (1). Upper glume surface villous. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate (1), or awned; 1 -awned.

FLORETS Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; hyaline; 0–1 -veined (1). Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; wingless; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth (1), or scaberulous (1); unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate. Palea 0.7–0.725–0.8 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined (1/1).

FLOWER Anthers 3.

DISTRIBUTION Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia.

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.