Image showing the group Collecting herbarium specimens in the Páramo
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Opening the Boyacá Seed Bank in Colombia

After a Seed Conservation Techniques Training Course by Kew Scientists, the first native seed bank of Colombia was opened in a historic building at the Humboldt Institute, Villa de Leyva.
Date: 
29 January 2018
Blog team: 
Author: 
Alice Di Sacco, Michael Way & Anna Pajdo

Boyacá Seed Bank project

In July 2017, Kew scientists started the Boyacá Seed Bank project.  Part of Kew’s Colombia Bio Programme, the aims of the project are to build capacity for seed conservation and set up a seed laboratory at the Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos (The Humboldt Institute).

The first task for the team was to collect seed from 50 priority species from the Boyacá region, especially from an area called the Páramo.  This typical high altitude Andean habitat has an extremely diverse and specialised flora, which is facing the challenges of climate change, agriculture and mining. The seed collections will form part of the Humboldt Institute’s national collections and will also support Kew’s target to bank seed from 25 per cent of the world’s plants by 2020. The collections will be prepared and stored in the new seed laboratory by the local scientists and volunteers trained under the project.


Image showing Students and Kew staff in the Páramo

Students and Kew staff in the Páramo (Image: Sandra Obando)

Image showing Páramo landscape, with Espeletia spp.

Páramo landscape, with Espeletia spp. (Image: Alice Di Sacco)

Image showing the group Collecting herbarium specimens in the Páramo

Collecting herbarium specimens in the Páramo (Image: Alice Di Sacco)


Seed Conservation Technique Training Course

On 23 September 2017 we went to the town of Tunja, Boyacá, to deliver training to 18 students, researchers and technicians from eight Colombian institutions. In three days of lectures and practical classes, we covered the principles of seed conservation, from seed collecting and seed processing to long term storage, focussing in particular on how to maximise genetic variability, as well as ensuring the seeds remain viable for as long as possible.

The next day, led by Humberto Mendoza from the Humboldt Institute, we went for a day of fieldwork in the beautiful Páramo la Rusia, at an altitude of nearly 4000m. We started the walk with a bright, hot sun and after a couple of hours the sky turned cloudy and then a powerful thunderstorm drenched us! Despite the weather, the participants made the first two collections for the Boyacá Seed Bank.


Opening the Boyacá Seed Bank

On the last day we travelled back to the Humboldt Institute with two volunteers, along with all the basic equipment to open a seed bank. 

All this equipment had to be brought with us on the flight from the UK, all held in two large plastic drums. We brought secateurs and cotton bags for seed collecting, sieves to clean the seed, silica gel and hygrometers to dry seeds and monitor seed humidity as well as dissecting kits and hand lens for seed testing. In the local market we bought all the additional equipment required for seed processing like a set of trays, buckets, mesh and gloves. And so, by the end of the day, with the help and generosity of The Humboldt Institute staff, the Boyacá Seed Bank was opened and operating, ready to welcome the subsequent seed collections.


Image showing Students counting seeds during a practical session in the training course

Students counting seeds during a practical session in the training course (Image: Anna Pajdo)

Volunteers and Kew staff having just arrived in Villa de Leyva with the equipment to establish the Boyacá Seed Bank

Image showing Cleaning the first seed collection in the new laboratory of the Boyacá Seed Bank

Cleaning the first seed collection in the new laboratory of the Boyacá Seed Bank (Image: Alice Di Sacco)


Back into the field

In November 2017, further seed collecting trips in the Páramo El Valle and La Rusia took place.

The trips were incredibly successful, with over 50 seed collections brought to the new seed bank at Villa de Leyva. The collections include a number of species of the genus Espeletia, which is an important part of the vegetation that characterises the páramo landscape. 

With the help of volunteers who took part of the training in September, the collections are now almost completely cleaned, dried and safely stored for future conservation and research. 


Image showing Carlos and Humberto seed collecting in Paramo la Rusia

Carlos and Humberto seed collecting in Paramo la Rusia (Image: Photo Daniel Cahen)

Image showing Paramo la Rusia, with Espeletia spp.

Paramo la Rusia, with Espeletia spp. (Image: Carlos Ivan Suarez Ballesteros)

Image showing the group Collecting in Paramo la Rusia, with Espeletia spp.

Collecting in Paramo la Rusia (Image: Daniel Cahen)


- Alice, Michael and Anna -

We would like to thank the UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) for their support on this project. Thank you also to the Humboldt Institute and Universidad Pedagógica Tecnológica de Colombia (UPTC), Colombia.


Find out more

Boyacá Seed Bank

Project: This work will build the expertise and capacity for conservation seed-banking in Colombia, with the initial focus on Boyacá flora within the Páramo biome.

Colombia: megadiverse and still to be discovered

Kew Science blog: Mauricio Diazgranados reveals how Kew is contributing to the ‘green’ development of this country through capacity building and scientific research on its natural resources.

Kew – Colombia Bio Programme

The Colombia Bio programme, established in the country’s National Development Plan (2014–2018), aims to lead the transformation of the Colombian economy into one based on green growth.