Kew has trees that are ancient, fascinating and historic - and often all three at once. We have identified a selection of some of our favourite trees for visitors to enjoy below.
Widely thought of as a fine magnolia, this tree has spectacular flowers that can be as large as 20 cm across.
The Caucasian elm is tolerant of Dutch elm disease, which killed over 25 million of our native English elms by the 1990s.
Not as common or familiar as the Norway spruce, this oriental species from the eastern Europe and western Asia is arguably just as attractive a tree. Its short blunt needles mark it out from other spruces.
King Solomon's Temple was built with timber from the cedar of Lebanon. The Egyptians used its resin to embalm their dead and sawdust of the tree is said to have been found in the pharaohs' tombs.
The Tree Register of Britain and Ireland recognizes this, Kew's biggest tree, as an unrivalled champion - meaning you won't see a finer specimen anywhere in the country.
The needles of the Chinese fir are unusual in that if they are damaged by frost, they simply fall off to be replaced straight away by new shoots.
This tree can put on the best floral display in Kew's Arboretum. Compared to the showier flowers of the tulip tree, its blooms are simple. But there are so numerous that in a good year they totally cover the tree.
Kew's Chinese plum yew looks more like a small bush than a tree, but in its native China this species can grow up to 20 m tall.
The Chinese red birch has the longest leaves of any birch, sometimes more than 18 cm in length.
This tree can take a few years to get established but it has a trick up its sleeve to help: its leaves produce a natural herbicide that washes off into the soil around it, and prevents other trees growing nearby.