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Tilesia G. Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq. : 251 (1818)

Wullfia Neck. ex Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 491 (1823). Type: Coreopsis baccata L. = Tilesia baccata (L.) Pruski

Chatiakella Surian ex Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 491 (1823), nom. prov. Type: Chylodia sarmentosa (Rich.) Rich. ex Cass. = Tilesia bacchata (L.) Pruski

Chylodia Rich. ex Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 491 (1823), non Chilodia R.Br. Type: Chylodia sarmentosa (Rich.) Rich. ex Cass. = Tilesia baccata (L.) Pruski

Note: Robinson (2006: 211) indicated that the generic name Wulffia was proposed for rejection, although the current (Vienna) Code does not cite Wullfia as being conserved against it.

Type: Tilesia capitata G. Mey. = Tilesia baccata (L.) Pruski

References

Pruski, J. F. (1996). Compostiae of the Guayana Highland XI. Tuberculocarpus gen. nov. and some other Ecliptinae (Heliantheae). Novon 6(4): 404418.

Robinson, H. (2006). Wulffia. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds), Flora of Ecuador, No. 77(1): 190(6). Compositae-Heliantheae, Part 1: Introduction, genera MZ. Botanical Institute, Gteborg University, G teborg & Section for Botany, Riksmuseum, Stockholm. pp. 211218.

Robinson, H. & V. A. Funk. (2000). Proposal to conserve the name Wulffia against Tilesia (Asteraceae). Taxon 49: 569570.

Tilesia baccata (L.f.) Pruski, Novon 6(4): 414 (1966).

Coreopsis baccata L.f., Pl. Surinam. : 14 (1775). Type: Habitat [in Surinamo.] Lectotype (selected by DArcy, 1975: 1170): Herb. Linn. 1026.7 LINN. Note: Given by Robinson (2006: 212) as Surinam, 1754-1755, Dahlberg s.n. (holotype LINN 1026.7).

Helianthus sarmentosus Rich., Act. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 112 (1792). Type: not cited. Note: Pruski (1998: 480) selected FRENCH GUIANA. Cayenne: 1792, LeBlond 329 as a type in G, with a possible duplicate in G-DC. No lectotypification of the name was undertaken. Robinson (2006: 213) noted only French Guiana, Cayenne, 1785-89, Richard s.n. (holotype P-JU). in contrast to Pruski (q.v. 1996: 414; 1998: 480) who stated that the type collection was one of LeBlond (329), and that the probable holotype was in G, with a possible isotype in G-DC.

Verbesina oppositifolia Poir., Encycl. 8: 460 (1808). Type: Cette plante a t recueillie, le de Cayenne, par M. Jos. Martin. (V. s. in herb. Desfont.) Holotype: ?FI; isotype: G-DC (according to Pruski, 1996: 414).

Helianthus membranifolius Poir., Encycl. Suppl. 3: 18 (1813). Type: Cette plant crot lle de Cayenne. (V. s. in herb. Desfont.). Holotype: ?FI; isotype: P (according to Pruski, 1996: 414).

Tilesia capitata G. Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq. : 254 (1818). Type: [Guyana: Rio Essequebo] .'In umbrosis arenosis continentis. [leg. Rodschied]. Holotype: ?GOET. Note: Pruski (1996: 414) noted that this collection was Meyer 177, which I dispute based on the protologue and introduction.

Gymnolomia maculata Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 8: t. 662 (1822). Type: Raised from seed from the Brazils, and, we believe, belonging to an unrecorded species. There are no samples of it in either the Banksian or Lambertian Herbarium. The plant flowered this summer in the hothouse at the Nursery of Messrs. Colvill, in the Kings Road, Chelsea. Note: it is likely that if any material was preserved for this taxon it will be in BM. Note: Pruski (1996: 414) indicated that the holotype was in K, although he had not seen it.

Chylodia sarmentosa (Rich.) Rich. ex Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 490 (1823). [This is a very odd author citation perporting that Richard gave the name, according to Cassini, in 1791 to material/in litt?]

?Euxenia radiata Nees & Mart., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 12(1): 7 (1824). Type: [Brazil:] Ad viam Felisbertiam. [Prince Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied]. Note: In an earlier paper describing plants from the Princes itinerary Echinocloa polystachya Humb. & Bonpl. was cited from Ad viam silvaticam, iuxta Ilhos fluvium, quae nobis appellatur Via Filisbertia* - the footnote explaining ''*) Filisbertius, Centurio, summo suo et opere et merito hanc viam patefecit. Mello Silva (pers. comm. Oct. 2008, SPF) has pointed out that this road was constructed by lieutenant colonel Felisberto Gomes da Silva. The road connected Ilhus to northern Minas Gerais. Wied took this road at Ilh us January 6th 1817 (although from the various protologues it appears Maximilian was on this read between December 1816 to January 1817) and followed the Rio Ilhus (or Salgado), going through Itabuna to Itoror , and then to Itamb, where the road meets the Rio Pardo. Robinson (2006: 214) noted Holotype: LD; isotype: P-Sch.Bip., US (frag. + photo).'' which is somewhat in error. There are many Maximilian collections in LD but these appear to have been sent to LD before they were worked upon. Most are annoted simply Brasilia. e coll. Princ. Neowied in C. A. Agardhs hand (Hkan Wittzell, pers. comm. Sept. 2008, LD). Urban (1906) and F rther (1994) have noted clearly that Maximilians principal collection, of 650 numbers, is in BR, with duplicates in several other herbaria (B, LE, P, etc.). Indeed the Elenchus collectionum in Herbario Martii asservatarum in BR lists Prince Maximilian Alexander Philipp von Neuwieds collections under entry 133 as Max. Princ. Neovidensis/ Ex itinere per Brasiliae provincias orientales .... It is in BR that the holotype is likely to be located, although it is interesting to note that Baker (1884) in his account of Wulffia stenoglossa DC. did not mention either the synonym nor a Maximilian collection.

Pascalia baccata (L.) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 602 (1826).

Meyeria capitata (G. Mey.) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 601 (1826).

Chatiakella platyglossa Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 46: 403 (1827). Type: Nous avons fait cette description sur un chantillon sec, receuilli dans la Guiane fran oise par M. Poiteau, et qui se trouve dans lherbier de M. Gay, o il est tiquet Crodisperma aspera Poit. Holotype: K.

Chatiakella stenoglossa Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 46: 403 (1827). Type: apparently based on the same type material as that of Helianthus sarmentosus, q.v. Stated by Robinson (2006: 214) that this is based on Chylodia sarmentosa (Rich.) Rich. ex Cass. Cassini only referred to a manuscript name written by Vaillant in ''lherbier de Surian. on material also named Chylodia sarmentosa written au crayon by Richard.

Gymnopsis? euxemioides DC., Prodr. 5: 562 (1836), comb. illegit., based on Euxenia radiata Nees & Mart.

Wulffia membranifolia (Poir.) DC., Prodr. 5: 549 (1836).

Wulffia maculata (Ker Gawl.) DC., Prodr. 5: 563 (1836).

Wulffia platyglossa (Cass.) DC., Prodr. 5: 563 (1836).

Wulffia havanensis DC., Prodr. 5: 563 (1836). Type: K in insul Cub juxta Havanam legit cl. Ant. de La Ossa. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC. Note: there is one unlabelled collection also bearing the Prodromus name.

Wulffia scandens DC., Prodr. 5: 564 (1836). Type: K L in Peruvi legit cl. Poeppig. Caesula scandens Poepp.! pl. exs. n. 24. diar. 1663. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

Wulffia capitata (G. Mey.) Sch.Bip., Linnaea 21: 246 (1848).

Wulfia [sic!] suffruticosa Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 292 (1848). Type: ''Hab. Woods near Natividade, Province of Goyaz. Jan., 1840. [Gardner] 3295. Isotype: NY.

Wulfia [sic!] longifolia Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 293 (1848). Types: Hab. Bushy places on the Organ Mountains, at an elevation of about 3,000 feet, March 1837 ([Gardner] n. 509); and at Jacar near Rio de Janeiro, Dec., 1840 ([Gardner] 5525). Lectotype (selected by ?Robinson, 2006: 214): Gardner 509, BM; isolectotype: K, photo US, NY ' 3.

Wulffia elongata Miq., Stirp. Surinam. Select. : 193 (1850). Type: In Surinamo, v. c. prope Paramaribo urbem, legit Focke. Holotype: U.

Wulffia quitensis Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 24(1): 182 (1851). Type: [Ecuador:] Machangara in regno Quitensi. Jameson coll. n. 468. Holotype: ?KW.

Wulffia baccata (L.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 184 (1898).

Wulffia baccata (L.F.) Kuntze var. discoidea S. F. Blake, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 28: 491 (1938). Type: Ecuador: Scandent perennial herb up to 3 m. high, with orange flowers and black fruit, thicket along trail side, trail from Tena to Napo, Cantn Napo, Prov. Napo-Pastaza, alt. 400 m., 5 April 1935, Ynes Mexia 7170. Holotype: US (1,692,980).

Aspilia bolivarana V. M. Badillo, Ernstia 23: 14 & fig. 4 (1984). Type: [Venezuela:] Estado Bolivar (Heres): Trepadora de hojas membran ceas de color verde claro; flores del disco de color anaranjado claro con estambres marrones; flores de los rayos amarillos; en bosque al lado de la pista de Santa Brbara del Orinoco. 25-V-1975, Paul E. Berry 698. Holotype: VEN; isotype: MYF.

Bolivia (Ben , Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Venzuela, West Indies.

Robinson (2006: 214) separated Wullfia baccata var. discoidea (syn. W. scandens DC.) as the eradiate headed taxon found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Pruski (1996) had previously recognized this as Tilesia baccata var. discoidea (S. F. Blake) Pruski

Tilesia capitata G. Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq. : 254 (1818) = Tilesia baccata (L.f.) Pruski