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Tessaria Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. Chil. Prodr.: 112, t. 24 (1794).

Gynheteria Willd., Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1: 140 (1807). Note: generic description only. Spregnel (1821) described the first species, the type, G. incana.

Type: Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

References

Cabrera, A. L. (1939). Las especies Argentinas del genero Tessaria. Lilloa 4: 181189, pl. 13.

Ariza Espinar, L. (1979). Contribucion al conocimienta del genero Tessaria (Compositae). Kurtziana 12-13: 47-62.

Dillon, M. O. & A. Sagstegui-Alva. (1991). Tessaria. In: J. F. Macbride & collab., Flora of Peru, Family Asteraceae: Part V. Fieldiana, Bot. n.s. 26 (1422): 6567.

Freire, S. E. (1997). Notas cr ticas en la tribu Inuleae (Compositae) para la Flora del Paraguay. 1. Delimitacin de los g neros Tessaria Ruiz & Pav. y Pluchea Cass. In: L. Ramella & P. Perret (eds), Notulae ad Flora paraquaiensem, 58-61. Candollea 52(1): 214215 (199216).

Nesom, G. L. (1989). New species, new sections, and a taxonomic overview of American Pluchea (Compositae: Inuleae). Phytologia 67: 158167.

Robinson, H. (1973). The generic limits of Pluchea and Tessaria (Inuleae, Asteraceae). Phytologia 27(4): 277285.

Note: Freire (1997) in providing two new combinations in Tessaria, and recognizing 4 species in Paraguay, commented on Robinson & Cuatrecasas (1973), who reduced the genus to one species. This is important, especially since Anderberg & Eldens (2006) maintained the genus as monotypic. Following Freire (1997) the genus could contain 4 species in Bolivia. See also comments under Pluchea pertaining to Nesoms comments (Nesom, 1989).

*Tessaria absinthoides (Hook. & Arn.) DC., Prodr. 5: 457 (1836) = Pluchea absinthioides (Hook. & Arn.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec.

Tessaria ambigua DC., Prodr. 5: 457 (1836) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

Tessaria dentata Ruiz & Pav., Syst. : 214 (1798) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

Tessaria dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Cabrera, Lilloa 4: 184 (1939) = Pluchea dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec.

Tessaria dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Cabrera ssp. plucheoides (Hassl.) S. E. Freire, Candollea 52(1): 214 (1997) = Pluchea dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec.

Tessaria fastigiata (Griseb.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 254 (1978) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

*Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav., Syst. : 213 (1798). Type/s?: Y'Habitat in Huanuci et Ambo ripis. Holotype: MA. Note: On the microfiche sheet 300 of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium, A4, A5 are marked as Typus by Domke, to which A6 might also be considered type material. A4 and A5 possess no additional label other than Domke'''s determination label, whereas A6 indicates Tessaria integrifolia Peru, presumably in Pavns hand.

Tessaria dentata Ruiz & Pav., Syst. : 213 (1798). Type: Habitat copios in ripis, pratis et pascuis Limae et Chancay ad Arnedo et Huaura. Holotype: MA (as A4 of microfiche sheet 300 of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium; A2 may well represent an isotype but lacks a label), determined as Typus by Domke.

Gynheteria incana Spreng., Neue Entdeck. 2: 135 (1821). Type: '''Frutex e Chili, a Balbisio donatus, ... Holotype: P. Note: The citation Gynheteria incana Willd. has appeared in the literature (e.g. de Candolle, 1836: 456) referring to the place of publication as Mag. Nat. Berl. 1807. p.140 (= Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1: 140 (1807) However, this is incorrect as Willdenow only described the genus, mentioning no species; Sprengel (1821) described the first species in Willdenows genus.

Tessaria legitima DC., Prodr. 5: 456 (1836). Types: L in Peruvi ubi dicitur Paxaro-Bobo. .... (v. s. ex itin. Dombey [43], N e [s.n., ex herb. Thibaud] et Gaudichaud [118].). Syntypes: G-DC. Note: the original syntype of the Dombey 43 collection is in P, that in G-DC an isosyntype.

Tessaria ambigua DC., Prodr. 5: 457 (1836). Type: L in Americ merid. fort in Peruvi. Habeo ex itin. Neaeano sub nom. vernaculo Pajro-Bovo, vix nom. primae generis speciei distincto. Note: there is one specimen in G-DC with a label bearing this vernacular name, however, the locality information is Pampas __ Buenos Ayres!

Pluchea fastigiata Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 184 (March-April 1879); Symb. Fl. Argent.: 184 (1879). Types: O.: Oran; Gr. Chaco, Laguna del Palmar. Syntypes: Lorentz & Hieronymus 6, 537, GOET.

*Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass. var. ferruginea Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4(3): 211 (1895). Type: [Bolivia:] [Vic. La Paz, 10000 ped., 1890] [Bang] 178. Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. var. obtusifolia Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. Fac. Ci. Med. Buenos Aires 21: 127 (1909). Type: En las orillas del ro, fl. julio Rojas n. 602. Holotype: ?BAF.

Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. var. polyandra Cabrera, Lilloa 4: 189 (1939). Type: YT'Argentina. Chaco: Colonia Bentez, leg. A. G. Schulz, no 163, II-1931 (Tipo: Cabr.). Holotype: LP (60895-A); isotype: LP (60895-B).

Tessaria fastigiata (Griseb.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 254 (1978).

Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. var. ambigua (DC.) S. E. Freire, Candollea 52: 215 (1997).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela.

Aliso, Aliso'', Aliso u, Bobo, Palo bobo (Freire, 1998); Aliso, Aliso el ro, Mbui b , Pjaro bobo, Palo bobo, Pek j, Salk (Freire et al., 2006); Parajobobo.

Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. var. ambigua (DC.) S. E. Freire, Candollea 52: 215 (1997) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. var. obtusifolia Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. Fac. Ci. Med. Buenos Aires 21: 127 (1909) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. var. polyandra Cabrera, Lilloa 4: 189 (1939) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

Tessaria legitima DC., Prodr. 5: 436 (1836) = Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav.

Tessaria plucheoides Hassl., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 26 (1919) = Pluchea dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec.

Tessaria straminea (Chodat) Hassl., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 25 (1919) = Pluchea dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec.

Tetracanthus linearifolius A. Rich. in Sagra, Hist. Phys. Cuba, Bot. [Faner. 3(2),] 11: 60 (1850) = Pectis linifolia L.

Tetracarpum anthemoideum (DC.) Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 45 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetracarpum flavum Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 46 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetracarpum guatemalensis Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 45 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetracarpum pringlei (S. Watson) Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 44 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetracarpum virgatum (Llave & Lex.) Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 45 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetracarpum wislizeni (A. Gray) Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 45 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetracarpum wrightii (A. Gray) Rydb., N. Amer. Fl. 34: 44 (1914) = Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell.

Tetrantha Poit. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 143 (1884), nom. nud. pro syn. = Riencourtia Cass.

Tetraotis longifolia Reinw. in Bl., Bijdr. 15de Stuk. : 892 (1826) = Enydra fluctuans Lour.

Thelechitonia brachycarpa (Baker) H. Rob. & Cuatrec., Phytologia 72(2): 142 (1992) = Sphagneticola brachycarpa (Baker) Pruski

Thelechitonia muricata Cuatrec., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 101: 242 (1954) = Sphagneticola brachycarpa (Baker) Pruski

Thelechitonia trilobata (L.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec., Phytologia 72(2): 142 (1992) = Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski

Thyrsanthema ebracteata Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 182 (1898) = Chaptalia nutans (L.) Polak.

Thyrsanthema integrifolia (Cass.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 182 (1898) = Chaptalia integerrima (Vell.) Burkart

Thysanthema nutans (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 369 (1891) = Chaptalia nutans (L.) Polak.