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Synedrellopsis Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm., Nat. Pflanzenfam. Nachtrge zu Teil IV, Abteilung 5. Lieferung 163: 325 (Nov. 1897).

Synedrellopsis Hieron. & Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 180 (1898), nom. illegit. later homonym but based on the same material.

Type: Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm.

Reference

Cabrera, A. L. (1978). Synedrellopsis. In: Cabrera, A. L. (ed.), Flora de la Provincia de Jujuy, Republica Argentina. Parte X Compositae. INTA, Beunos Aires. pp. 315--316 & fig. 131.

*Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm., Nat. Pflanzenfam. Nachtrge zu Teil IV, Abteilung 5. Lieferung 163: 325 (Nov. 1897). Note: The discussion in Kuntze (1898: 181) suggested that Hoffmann would be placing Synedrellopsis close to Elvira (= Delilia). Hoffmanns account in the Nachtr ge of Die naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien was actually published in November 1897, and so has priority over Hieronymus & Kuntzes apparent publication of the name; Hoffmanns effective genero-specific diagnosis is perfectly valid. Hoffmann only referred to the species as coming from Argentina. Since this, when referring to Hieronymus & Kuntzes account, can only refer back to the Lorentz & Hieronymus collection this should be taken as the type. Material in NY corresponding to the Lorentz & Hieronymus collection is Pasaje del Rio Juramense, 18.2.73, Lorentz & Hieronymus s.n.; this has been marked as a probable type by Pruski & Nee. It would be prudent to assign this as the lectotype of S. grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex Hoffm.

Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 180 (1898), nom. illegit., a later homonym based on the same material as S. grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex Hoffm. Note: It is clear from the notes in Kuntze (1898: 180181) that the material on which Hieronymus & Kuntze based their name, which was taken up by Hoffmann in the preceeding year, was varied and rich (Kuntze: Ich habe ziemlich reiches Material ). In their protologue, reference is only made to one collection, that of Lorentz & Hieronymus as Argentina: Provinz Salta (Lorentz & Hieronymus sub nomine Synedrella nodiflora), but they also noted Grisebachs source of material in Symbolae ad Floram argentinam (Grisebach, 1879: 197). One of the specimens cited in Grisebachs Symbollae was Balanasa 869, as Paraguay: Bal.[ansa] 869.) A duplicate of the Balansa collection in K gives LAssomption, sur le bord des chemins. Avril 1874. It is unclear whether Hoffmann would have had access to all of this material in B, and likewise whether any of this material available to Hieronymus & Kuntze should be considered either as original material or syntype material.

Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm. var. inversa Hassl., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14(16/20): 272 (1916). Types: Paraguay: [March 1913] Hassler 12549 in regione lacu Ypacaray, [3.III.1903] Fiebrig 953 pr. Itagu. Syntypes presumably in G; isosyntypes K.

Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm. f. reducta Hassl., Feddes Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14(16/20): 272 (1916). Type: ''Balansa 856, l.c. [possibly referring to the locality in the previous variety] Holotype: G.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Paraguay. Relatively recently adventive in Australia.

Note: It is interesting to note the ant association of this plant in some areas: the ants use the green plant material in their nests and leave/expell the mature achenes around their nest entrance where they are very conspicuous in the cleared areas! In some regions the name Synedrellopsis grisebachii has apparently been misapplied to Calyptocarpus vialis Less.

Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm. var. inversa Hassl., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14(16/20): 272 (1916) = Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron & Kuntze ex Hoffm.

Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron. & Kuntze ex O. Hoffm. f. reducta Hassl., Feddes Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14(16/20): 272 (1916) = Synedrellopsis grisebachii Hieron & Kuntze ex Hoffm.

Tafalla thyoides (Lam.) D. Don, Edin. New Phil. J. : 273 (1831) = Loricaria thujoides (Lam.) Sch.Bip.