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Solidago L., Sp. Pl. (1753) & Gen. Pl. (1754).

Type: Solidago virgaurea L.

Solidago aliena Spreng. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 9 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn. = Leptostelma tweediei (Hook. & Arn.) D. J. N. Hind & G. L. Nesom

Solidago bonariensis D. Don ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 11 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn. = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago chilensis Meyen, Reise um die Erde 1: 311 (1834). Type: not cited. [Walper in Observat. Bot.: 261 (1843) cited Chile: Cordillera de S. Fernando. (v.s.)] Holotype: B.

*Solidago polyglossa DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836). Type: K in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 860 missa.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC (two leaves and an inflorescence side-branch).

*Solidago microglossa DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836). Type/s?: 'L in Brasiliae parte dict Banda orientale legit cl. Bacle. ... (v.s. comm. cl. Bacle.). Note: there are two identically labelled Bacle collections in G-DC, each with two flowering stems attached.

Solidago microglossa DC. var. b megapotamica DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836). Types: in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. miss. sub. n. 846, 854 et 857.). Syntypes: P.

Solidago marginella DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836). Type: 'L? in Brasiliae parte dict Banda orientale legit cl. Bacle. ... v.s. comm. cl. Bacle.). Holotype: G-DC.

Solidago marginella DC. [var.] b sublanceolata DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836). Type: K in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 870 miss.). Holotype: P.

Solidago linearifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 341 (1836). Type: ' in campis Chilensibus dictis Pampas olim legit cl. Ne. (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

Solidago linearifolia DC. var. b? poeppigii DC., Prodr. 5: 341 (1836). Type: '' in Amer. austr. legit cl. Poeppig et ex ejus coll. recepi sub n. CCXVII sine loci designatione. An spec. propr.? (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

Solidago odora Ait. [as Soldiago odora Willd.] [unranked] a glabriuscula Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag. 2(No. 14): 45 (1836). Types: S. Bonariensis. Don, MSS. Buenos Ayres; Laguenilla, near Mendoza, Dr. Gillies [see note below referring to Gillies 145!]; Chili, Cuming (n. 68). Bridges. Syntypes: K; isosyntype: Cuming 68, ex herb. Benthamianum K. Note: I have been unable to find any material at K labelled S. bonariensis by Don. Gillies 147 (marked Don 30 on the label) is mounted together with Gillies 149 and one other unnumbered collection. Marked in pencil on the sheet the unnumbered collection is marked g, Gillies 149 is marked a.

Solidago odora Ait. [as Soldiago odora Willd.] [unranked] b scabra Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag., 2(No. 14): 45 (1836). Type: Monte Video, Tweedie. Holotype: K.

Solidago odora Ait. [as Soldiago odora Willd.] [unranked] g glabra Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag., 2(No. 14): 45 (1836). Types: S. repens. Don, MSS.Mendoza and banks of the Rio Uspallata, Dr. Gillies; Buenos Ayres, Maldonado, and N. Patagonia, Tweedie; Chili, Mr. Cruikshanks; Sta. Cruz of Buenos Ayres, C. Darwin, Esq. (n. 354). Syntypes: K, although Darwin 345 has not yet been located the number is actually Henslows numbering for Darwins collections. Porter (1989: 73) incorrectly assumed that there was a holotype for this taxon, for which there clearly couldnt be. He was unable to find this Darwin collection; it is quite possible that this is mounted with another collection on some other sheet elsewhere in K. Note: There is no material at K marked as S. repens as suggested by Hooker & Arnott (1835: 45). Dons annotation S. radicans sp. nov., on the label of Gillies 145 (the label is also marked Don 32), may well denote this material. However, the label on this sheet indicates the collection is from Laguenilla, Mendoza, and may in fact represent material cited under glabriuscula, q.v.

Solidago coquimbana Phil., Linnaea 33: 138 (1864-65). Type: In Andibus Illapelinis loco dicto la Cortadera legit orn. Volckmann. Note: there are two possible isotypes of this material at K, although neither has any indication of the collector on the label; both are ex herb. Philippi.

Solidago vulneraria Mart. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 10 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn.

Solidago nitidula Mart. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 10 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn.

Solidago microglossa DC. var. linearifolia (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 10 (1882).

Solidago bonariensis D. Don ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 11 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn.

Solidago repens D. Don ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 11 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn.

Solidago linearifolia DC. var. brachypoda Speg., Revista Fac. Agron Veter. La Plata 3(No. 32 & 33): 610 (1897). Type: Hab. In sylvosis editoribus secus Rio Carren-leof. Note: Katinas et al. (2001: 61) noted that probable original material of this collection was Chubut, 1889, C. Moyano (LPS 17288). Holotype: LP (transferred from LPS).

Argentina, Bolivia (Ben , Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Punta ade lanza, Romerillo amarillo, Saucillo, Vara amarillo, Vara de oro, Vigaurea, Yerba de Santa Mara, Yuyo de San Juan (Freire et al., 2006).

Note: Reference is sometimes made to Solidago odora Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag. 2(No. 14): 45 (1836), p.p.'' yet no such name was validated at all in this reference. The trail of this name, via Willdenows ed. 4 of Species Plantarum (3(3): 2061) leads to Aitons description of the plant in Hortus Kewensis 3: 214 (1789).

Most, if not all of the following names can most probably be added to the synonymy of this species as all appear to variants of S. chilensis, some from the same locality:

Solidago laxiflora Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 427 (1894). Type: Propre oppidum San Francisco del Monte in prov. santiago ab orn. Lautaro Navarro lecta. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) cited only one collection in SGO, 65146.

Solidago floribunda Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 430 (1894). Type: In provincia Coquimbo ad Ovalle etc. legitur. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) cited only one collection in SGO, 65153.

Solidago recta Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 431 (1894). Type: Locum ubi lecta est ignoro. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) cited only one collection in SGO, 65148.

Solidago araucana Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 431 (1894). Type: In prsedio Renaico haud procul a Negrete Martio 1886 legi. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) did not cite any collections against this name in SGO.

Solidago valdiviana Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 431 (1894). Type: In provincia Valdivia habitat. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) cited only one collection in SGO, 44981.

Solidago parviflora Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 432 (1894). Type: Ad lacum Pirihuaico Andium Valdiviae legit nepos Otto Philippi Februario 1887. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) cited only one collection in SGO, 65145.

Solidago micrantha Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 87: 432 (1894). Type: Ad lacum Puyehue in provincia Valdivia legit ornat. David Cueto. Note: Pizarro (1960: 163) did not cite any collections in SGO.

Note: Cabrera (1971: 50) has provided enough distinctions that the Chilean S. patagonica Phil. can be retained as a separate species.

Solidago coquimba Phil., Linnaea 33: 138 (1864-65) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago linearifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 341 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago linearifolia DC. var. brachypoda Speg., Revista Fac. Agron Veter. La Plata 3: 610 (1897) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago marginella DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago marginella DC. [var.] b sublanceolata DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

*Solidago microglossa DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago microglossa DC. var. b megapotamica DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago microglossa DC. var. linearifolia (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 10 (1882) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago nitidula Mart. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 10 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn. = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago odora Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag. 2(No. 14): 45 (1836), pp. = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago odora Ait. [as Soldiago odora Willd.] [unranked] a glabriuscula Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag. 2(No. 14): 45 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago odora Ait. [as Soldiago odora Willd.] [unranked] b scabra Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag., 2(No. 14): 45 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago odora Ait. [as Soldiago odora Willd.] [unranked] g glabra Hook. & Arn., Companion Bot. Mag., 2(No. 14): 45 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

*Solidago polyglossa DC., Prodr. 5: 332 (1836) = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago repens D. Don ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 11 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn. = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Solidago vulneraria Mart. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 10 (1882), nom. nud. pro syn. = Solidago chilensis Meyen

Gymnostyles Juss., Ann. Mus. Nat. Hist. Paris 4: 258 (1804). Type: not stated.