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Salmea DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. : 140 (1813).

Hopkirkia Spreng., Novi Provent. : 23 (1819). Type: Salmea eupatoria DC. = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Fornicaria Raf., Sylva Tellur. : 116 (1838). Type: Fornicaria scandens (L.) Raf. = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmeopsis Benth. in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 197, 381 (1873); Hookers Icon. Pl., ser. 3, 2 (12 of the whole): 1152 (Dec. 1873). Type: Salmeopsis claussenii Benth. = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Type (cons.) : Bidens scandens L. = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

References

Blake, S. F. (1915). A revision of Salmea and some allied genera. J. Bot. 53(No. 631): 193236.

Bolick, M. R. (1991). Systematics of Salmea DC. (Compositae: Heliantheae). Syst. Bot. 16(3): 462477.

Robinson, H. (2006). Salmea. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds), Flora of Ecuador, No. 77(1): 190(6). Compositae-Heliantheae, Part 1: Introduction, genera MZ. Botanical Institute, Gteborg University, G teborg & Section for Botany, Riksmuseum, Stockholm. pp. 7983.

Salmea eupatoriea DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. : 141 (1813) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea eupatoria DC. [var.] b intermedia DC., Prodr. 5: 493 (1836) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea grandiceps Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 47: 88 (1827) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea mikanioides Britton. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 150 (1892) = Oblivia mikanioides (Britton) Strother

Salmea nitida (Llave & Lex.) Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 23: 145 (1887) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea oppositiceps Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 47: 89 (1827) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea parviceps Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 47: 89 (1827) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea salicifolia Brong. ex Neumann, Rev. Hort., ser. 3, 1: 87 (1847) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

*Salmea scandens (L.) DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. : 141 (1813).

Bidens scandens L., Sp. Pl. : 833 (1753). Type: Habitat in Vera Cruce. Lectotype (selected by Blake in J. Bot. 53: 197, 1915; Moore in Fawcett & Rendle, Fl. Jamaica 7: 241, 1936 restricted the choice): Herb. Clifford: 399, Bidens 5 (BM-000646991).

Fornicaria scandens (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. : 116 (1838).

Santolina amellus L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2: 1207 (1759); Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2: 1179 (1763). Type: Habitat in Jamaica. Lectotype (selected by Wussow et al., Syst. Bot. 10: 263, 1985): Browne, Herb. Linn. No. 984.3. (LINN).

Calea amellus (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2 : 1179 (1763).

Salmea eupatoriea DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. : 141 (1813). Type: Hab. verosimiliter in Americae meridionalis insulis; in hortis interdum occurrit sub nomine vale erroneo Eupatorii Gouani. L. Holotype: ?MPU.

Hopkirkia eupatoria (DC.) Spreng., Novi Provent. : 23 (1819).

Eupatorium gouani hort. ex Spreng., Novi Provent. : 23 (1819), nom. nud. pro syn.

Spilanthes nitidus La Llave & Lex., Nov. Veg. Descr., fasc. 1: 28 (1824). Type: [Mexico: ] Crescit in S. Jose del Corral ad vius in montosis; florebat martio et aprili. Llav. Holotype: G.

Salmea grandiceps Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 47: 88 (1827). Type: not specifically designated, but all three species were based on material from the following Nous avons fait cette description en 1816 sur trois chantillons de lherbier de M. de Jussieu, o ils toient r unis dans la mme enveloppe et faussement tiguets Mikania Houstonis. Syntypes: P-JU.

Salmea parviceps Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 47: 89 (1827). Type: see above.

Salmea oppositiceps Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 47: 89 (1827). Type: see above.

Salmea eupatoria DC. [var.] b intermedia DC., Prodr. 5: 493 (1836). Type: í¸‰í²‘L in Jamaic! ... (v.s.). Note: there are two specimens in G-DC, only one, s. coll. indicating it was collected in Jamaica.

Salmea salicifolia Brong. ex Neumann, Rev. Hort., ser. 3, 1: 87 (1847). Type: not stated. Note: this description was part of a short article titled Ò‘Note sur quelques plantes nouvelles ou peu connues, actuellement en fleurs dans les serres du Musum. This reference is to the glasshouses of the Jardin des Plantes de Paris. Neumann was é’‘chef des serres. If type material exists it is most probably in P.

Salmea sessilifolia Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. : 375 (1861). Type: Hab. Jamaica!, Pd., Westmoreland. Holotype: K; isotype: GOET. Note: Pd. = Purdie.

Salmeopsis claussenii Benth., Icon. Pl., Ser. 3, 2 (12 of whole work): 1152 (Dec. 1873). Type: Hab. Brazil, prov. Minas Geraes, Claussen. Holotype: K.

Salmea nitida (Llave & Lex.) Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 23: 145 (1887).

Verbesina scandens (L.) Klatt, Leopoldina 25: 106 (1889).

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. amellus (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 361 (1891).

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. obtusata S. F. Blake, J. Bot. 53: 197 (1915). Type: Guatemala: Alta Vera Paz, near Coban, alt. 1342 m., March, 1879, Trkheim, 392 (type, Brit. Mus.; the Kew specimen of this number is var. genuina) Holotype: BM.

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. paraguariensis Hassl., Feddes Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 14: 174 (1915). Types: Paraguay: Balansa no. 760 in Hb. DC.! Hassler no. 3329, Pl. Hassl., l.c. idem in silvi pr. Sapucay flor. et fruct. immaturis mens. Aug., Hassler no. 12233.

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. pubescens S. F. Blake, Brittonia 2(4): 351 (1937). Type: á’‘Guatemala: Dry stony ravine, Huehuetenango, Dept. Huehuetenango, alt. 2040 m., 11 Nov. 1934, Skutch 1644. Holotype: GH.

Salmea tomentosa D.L.Nash, Phytologia 31(4): 361 (1975). Type: GUATEMALA: Dept. Baja Verapaz, damp forest, mountain side north of divide north of Santa Rosa, about 1,650 m., Standley 69898. Holotype: F.

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia (Ben, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Venezuela.

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. amellus (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 361 (1891) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. obtusata S. F. Blake, J. Bot. 53: 197 (1915) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. paraguariensis Hassl., Feddes Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 14: 174 (1915) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea scandens (L.) DC. var. pubescens S. F. Blake, Brittonia 2(4): 351 (1937) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea sessilifolia Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. : 375 (1861) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea tomentosa D.L.Nash, Phytologia 31(4): 361 (1975) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Salmea verticillata (L.) Druce, Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 423 (1914) = Trichospira verticillata (L.) S. F. Blake

Salmeopsis claussenii Benth, Hookerí ’s Icon. Pl. 12: 1152 (1876) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.

Santolina amellus L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2: 1207 (1759) = Salmea scandens (L.) DC.