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Porophyllum Guett., Hist. Acad. Sci. Paris Mm. : 377 (1754).

Kleinia Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. : 8 (1760, non Kleinia L. (1754). Type: Kleinia ruderalis Jacq. = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Hunteria Moc. & Sess ex DC., Prodr. 5: 649 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn., non Hunteria Roxb. (1824).

Type: Cacalia porophyllum L., nom. rej. Kleinia ruderalis Jacq. = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Reference

Johnson, R. R. (1969). Monograph of the plant genus Porophyllum (Compositae: Helenieae). Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 48: 225267.

Porophyllum ellipticum Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 43: 56 (1826), nom. nov. pro Cacalia porophyllum L. = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum ellipticum Cass. var. genuinum Urb., Symb. Antill. 1: 467 (1900) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum ellipticum Cass. var. ruderale (Jacq.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 1: 468 (1900) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

*Porophyllum lanceolatum DC., Prodr. 5: 649 (1836) = Porophyllum obscurum (Spreng.) DC.

Porophyllum latifolium Benth., Ann. Nat. Hist. 2(12): 441 (Feb. 1839) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum macrocephalum DC., Prodr. 5: 648 (1836) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum macrolepideum Malme, Kong. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 32(5): 69 (1899) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

*Porophyllum oblanceolatum Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 64 (1896). Type: [Bolivia:] Below Cochabamba, 1901 ([Bang] 1013). Holotype: NY; isotype: Z (000003804).

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Porophyllum obscurum (Spreng.) DC., Prodr. 5: 651 (1836).

Kleinia obscura Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 438 (1826). Type: Ad fl. magnum Amer. austr. (Rio Grande. Sello.). Holotype: P.

*Porophyllum lanceolatum DC., Prodr. 5: 649 (1836). Type: KL in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 936 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC.

Argentina, Bolivia (?Santa Cruz), Brazil.

Comida de zorro, Cominillo, Curupaimi, Hierba del venado, Kilkina, Pus pus, Quirquina, Ruda blanca, Yerba de la gama, Yerba del ciervo, Yerva del venado (Freire et al., 2006); Yerba del venado (Cord, SL, San Juan), Yerba de la gama (SL), Ruda blanca; Kilkina (S), Curupaimi (Cha), Quirquina (Ct), Yerba del ciervo (SL) (Petenatti & Ariza Espinar, 1997: 20)

Porophyllum oppositifolium Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 168 (1898). Type: 'Mattogrosso: Jacobina, nur vereinzelt vorkommend. Holotype: NY. [Brazil. Mato Grosso, Jacobina, 10 jul 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 335]

*Porophyllum platyphyllum Chod., Bull. Herb. Boiss., sr. 2, 2(4): 397 (1902). Type: [Paraguay] Suffrutex 1'-1,5 m., petala flavo-virentia, in dumeto Cordillera de Altos, Febr., [Hassler] 3907. Holotype: G.

Bolivia (?), Brazil.

*Porophyllum platyphyllum Chod., Bull. Herb. Boiss., sr. 2, 2(4): 397 (1902) = Porophyllum oppositifolium Kuntze

Porophyllum porophyllum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 168 (1898), comb. illegit. = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

*Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 43: 56 (1826).

Cacalia porophyllum L., Sp. Pl.: 834 (1753), nom. rej. (as a combination in a rejected genus) [Type: Habitat in America. 0.'' Type not yet designated. Original material includes two sheets in LINN (976.9 & 976.8), and two icones LINN 976.9 provides a good mature flowering branch with characteristic leaves. Lectotype (chosen here): LINN 976.9.

Kleinia ruderalis Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl.: 28 (1760). Type: not stated. Note: this name is probably semi nudum as only an annual symbol was provided as the diagnosis, debatably validating the name. Jacquins later work, Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 215 (1763), provided a complete diagnosis and description, together with localities Habitat in Domingo & Martinica; in ruderatis, glareosis, muris, similibusque locis. and a plate, tab. CXXVII. The location of any extant type material is unknown.

Cacalia glandulosa Salisb., Prodr. : 187 (1798), nom. illegit. superfl. (incl. Cacalia porophyllum L.), et nom. rej.

Kleinia porophyllum (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1738 (1804).

Porophyllum ellipticum Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 43: 56 (1826), nom. nov. pro Cacalia porophyllum L.. Note: Not nom. inval. according to some authors.

Porophyllum macrocephalum DC., Prodr. 5: 648 (1836). Type: in Mexico circa Villalpando legit cl. Mendez. Tsinoma Hern. mex. 434. f. 3. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC. Note: there is a second specimen, unattributed to collector in G-DC.

Kleinia glandulosa Moc. & Sess ex DC., Prodr. 5: 648 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn. sub. Porophyllum macrocephalum DC.

Porophyllum latifolium Benth., Ann. Nat. Hist. 2(12): 441 (Feb. 1839). Note: Index Kewensis cited J. Bot. (Hooker) 2: 44 (1840)'' which essentially duplicates Benthams earlier description. Type: [British Guiana] Dry Savannahs on the Upper Rupunoony. Schomburgk. Holotype: K.

Porophyllum porophyllum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 168 (1898), comb. illegit.

Porophyllum macrolepideum Malme, Kong. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 32(5): 69 (1899). Type: [Brazil] Matto Grosso: Cuyab (Juxta viam in cerradoừ pr. oppidum. 187/294. Malme 1368 B.).

Porophyllum ellipticum Cass. var. genuinum Urb., Symb. Antill. 1: 467 (1900).

Porophyllum ellipticum Cass. var. ruderale (Jacq.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 1: 468 (1900).

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. macrolepideum (Malme) Chod., Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 3(8): 729 (1903).

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. glandulosum Chod. & Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 3(8): 729 (1903). Type: [Paraguay] Suffrutex 0,3[]0,5 [m], spec. flor. deficient, omnis planta foetidissima, in campis pr. Vaqueria Capibary, Sept., [Hassler] n. 4459. Holotype: G.

*Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. angustifolium Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farm. Med. Buenos Aires 21: 131 (1909). Type: [Original publication not seen.]

*Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. ellipticum (Cass.) B. L. Rob., Proc. Amer. Acad. 49: 509 (1913).

Tagetes integrifolia Muschl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2/3), Beibl. 111: 77 (1913). Types: Peruvia: Supra San Bartolom, in declivibus ad viam ferream inter Limam et Oroyam; formatio laxa xerophytica cactaceis fruticibusque mixta, 15001800 m s.m. (Weberbauer n. 5259 -- florens 27. Martii 1910) Prope Cocachara, in declivibus, 13001400 m s.m. (Weberbauer n. 5263 27. Martii 1910). Supra San Bartolom, 15001800 m s.m. (Weberbauer n. 5260 -- fructif. 27. Martii 1910). Syntypes: B.

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. ssp. macrocephalum (DC.) R. R. Johnson, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 48: 233 (1969).

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. macrocephalum (DC.) Cronquist, Madroo 20: 255 (1970).

Arentina, Bolivia (Ben , Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, USA, West Indies.

Amores secos, Mboi-morot, Pinita (Freire et al., 2006).

*Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. angustifolium Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farm. Med. Buenos Aires 21: 131 (1909) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

*Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. ellipticum (Cass.) A. Gray ex B. L. Rob. & Greenm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 49: 509 (1913) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. glandulosum Chod. & Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 3(8): 729 (1903) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. ssp. macrocephalum (DC.) R. R. Johnson, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 48: 233 (1969) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. macrocephalum (DC.) Cronquist, Madro o 20: 255 (1970) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.

Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. var. macrolepideum (Malme) Chod., Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 3(8): 729 (1903) = Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass.