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Melampodium L., Sp. Pl. : 921 (1753).

Cargilla Adans., Fam. 2: 130 (1763), nom illegit. superfl. incl. Chrysogonum L. & Melampodium L.

Alcina Cav., Ic. 1: 10, t. 15 (1791). Type: Alcina perfoliata Cav. = Melampodium perfoliatum (Cav.) Kunth

Dysodium Rich. in Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 489 (1807), non Dyssodia Cav. (1802). Type: Dysodium divaricatum Rich. in Pers. = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium L. [unranked] 2) Dysodia (Rich. in Pers.) Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 215 (1818).

Melampodium L. [unranked] 3) Alciniae (Cav.) Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 215 (1818) [based on Alcina Cav.]

Camutia Bonat. ex Steud., Nom. Bot. : 146 (1821), nom. nud. pro syn., based on Camutia perfoliata Bonat. ex Steud.

Melampodium L. sect. Eumelampodium DC., Prodr. 5: 518 (1836).

Melampodium L. sect. Zarabellia (Cass.) DC., Prodr. 5: 519 (1836). Type: not stated. Lectotype (selected by Stuessy, 1972: 161: Melampodium longifolium Cerv. ex Cav.

Melampodium L. sect. Alcina (Cav.) DC., Prodr. 5: 520 (1836).

Carnutia Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 159 (1884), orth. var., based on Camutia Bonat. ex Steud.

Zarabellia Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 59: 240 (1829), nom. illegit., non Neck. (1790) (= Berkheya Ehrh.). Type: Zarabella rhomboidea Cass. = Melampodium longifolium Cerv. ex Cav.

Melampodium L. sect. Melampodium ser. Leucantha Stuessy, Rhodora 74: 34 (1972). Type: Melampodium leucanthum Torr. & A. Gray

Melampodium L. sect. Melampodium ser. Sericea Stuessy, Rhodora 74(No. 798): 46 (1972). Type: Melampodium sericeum Lag.

Melampodium L. sect. Melampodium ser. Cupulata Stuessy, Rhodora 74(No. 798): 59 (1972). Type: Melampodium cupulatum A. Gray

Melampodium L. sect. Melampodium ser. Longipila Stuessy, Rhodora 74(No. 798): 68 (1972). Type: Melampodium longipilum B. L. Rob.

Melampodium L. sect. Serratura Stuessy, Rhodora 74(No. 798): 175 (1972). Type: Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium L. sect. Bibractiaria Stuessy, Rhodora 74(No. 798): 186 (1972). Type: Melampodium bibracteatum S. Watson

Melampodium L. sect. Rhizomaria Stuessy, Rhodora 74(No. 798): 189 (1972). Type: Melampodium montanum Benth.

Type: Melampodium americanum L.

Reference

Stuessy, T. F. (1972). Revision of the genus Melampodium (Compositae: Heliantheae). Rhodora 74(No. 798): 170, 161219.

Melampodium australe Loefl., Iter Hisp. : 268 (1758) = Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze

Melampodium berterianum Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 619 (1826) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium bonairense Bold., Fl. Ned. W. Ind. Eil. : 393 (1913) = Baltimora geminata (Brandeg.) Stuessy

Melampodium copiosum Klatt., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 41 (1887) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC., Prodr. 5: 520 (1836).

Dysodium divaricatum Rich. in Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 489 (1807). Type: Hab. ad Gairam prope St. Martham, Continentis Amer. Rich. Lectotype (selected by Stuessy, 1972: 175): [1785-89, L. C. M. Richard s.n.], P; isolectotype: P. Note: Since available sources are at odds over the authorship of this name. Whilst the genus can most probably be ascribed to Richard, since his name is mentioned at the end of it, the same is not true of the single species it contained at its inception. The Index Nominum Genericorum database suggests, incorrectly, that Persoon is the author of both the genus and species.

Wedelia ovatifolia Willd., Enum. Suppl. : 61 (1814), nom. nud. Cited merely as 0. D. this does not constitute valid publication. Note: Stuessy (1972: 175) seemed to believe it was validly published citing Holotype, ?B; isotypes, W!; photograph of W isotype, OS! TEX!; photograph of probable G-DC isotype, IDC 800.928: I.4!).

Alcina ovatifolia (Willd.) Jacq.f., Eclog. Pl. 1: 115, t. 78 (1815).

Wedelia minor Hornem., Enum. Hort. Hafn. 2: 855 (1815). Type: Hab. 0. D. intr. 1812. ex hort. ber. sub hoc nomin. Lectotype (selected by Stuessy, 1972: 175): C; isolectotypes: 2 2.

Alcina ovalifolia Lag., Gen. Sp. Nov. : 32 (1816). Type: Alc. ovalifolia. Elench. H. R. M. 1805. Hab. in N. H. 0 Semina communicavit D. Sess. Holotype: MA; isotype: G.

Melampodium paludosum Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 215 (1818). Type: ''Crescit in humidis prope ostia fluminis Sinu, juxta litora Darienis. A? Floret Martio. [Humboldt & Bonpland mss. n. 1421. in humidis prope ostia fluminis Sinu. Mart. 1801]. Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotype: P.

Melampodium ovatifolium Rchb., Icon. Bot. Exot. : 30, t. 42 (1824), nom. illegit. superfl. based on Dysodium divaricatum

Melampodium berterianum Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 619 (1826). Type: Ind. occ. Bertero. Holotype: P; ?isotypes: G-DC, GH.

Alcina minor Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 59: 243 (1829). Type/s: Nous avons fait cette description sur des individus vivans cultivs au Jardin du Roi, o cette plante est tiquet e Dysodium radiatum, avec indication quelle est annuelle et indigne au Mexique. Holotype: ?P.

Dysodium radiatum Hort. ex Desf., Cat. Hort. Paris. ed. 3: 182 (1829), nom. nud. pro syn.

Melampodium pumilum Benth., Pl. Hartweg. : 64 (1840). Type: apparently a Graham specimen. Holotype (as noted by Stuessy (1972): ''Graham 5, K; isotype: GH. Note: The description of M. pumilum followed that of M. montanum (based on a Hartweg collection) after the sentence Eandem speciem communicavit cl. Graham cum sequente nova:- ... This raises doubts as to the validity of this name, and indeed the authority if the name is accepted as it could be construed that it is all referable to Melampodium montanum Benth. It has clearly been interpreted differently by Stuessy.

Melampodium tenellum Hook. & Arn., var. flaccidum Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur : 115 (1845). Type: Tepic. Lectotype (selected by Stuessy, 1972: 176): Mexico: Nayarit, Tepic, 1844, A. Sinclair s.n., K; isolectotype: K.

Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC. var. macranthum Schlecht., Linnaea 24: 198 (1851). Type: Semina legit D. Warscewicz in Guatemala. Holotype: HAL; isotype: W.

Melampodium flaccidum (Benth.) Benth. in Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjbenhavn. 1852(57): 86 (1852)[1853].

Melampodium copiosum Klatt., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 41 (1887). Type: Guatemala; in agris humidis et umbrosis po. Coban, Alta vera Paz, alt. 1300 m ([Lehmann] n. 1434). Febr. 1882.-' Holotype: GH; isotypes: F, G 2, K, US.

Melampodium panamense Klatt, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 42 (1887). Type: Panama; ad margines silvarum ([Lehamnn] n. 69). Aug. 1880. Holotype: GH; isotypes G, K, US.

Spilanthes guatemalensis Vatk. ex J. D. Smith, Enum. Pl. Guat. 1: 23 (1889), nom. nud. pro syn.

Melampodium rhombifolium Sess & Moc., Pl. Nova-Hisp., ed. 2 : 138 (1894), nom illegit. non Sess & Moc. (1890), nec Sess & Moc. (1894). Type: Habitat in Sancti Augustini hortis. Floret Septembri. F.'' Holotype: MA; isotype: F.

Eleutheranthera divaricata (Rich. in Pers.) Millsp., Field Colomb. Mus. Publ. Bot. 1: 53 (1895).

Very widespread, sometimes cultivated. Belize, Bolivia (Ben, La Paz), Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands.

Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC. var. macranthum Schlecht., Linnaea 24: 198 (1851) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium flaccidum (Benth.) Benth. in Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kj benhavn. 1852(57): 86 (1852)[1853] = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium geminatum Brandeg., Zoe 5: 223 (1905) = Baltimora geminata (Brandeg.) Stuessy

Melampodium ovatifolium Rchb., Icon. Bot. Exot. : 30, t. 42 (1824), nom. illegit. superfl. = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium paludosum Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 215 (1818) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium panamense Klatt, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 42 (1887) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium pumilum Benth., Pl. Hartweg. : 64 (1840) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium rhombifolium Sess & Moc., Fl. Mexic., ed. 2 : 195 (1894), nom illegit. non Sess & Moc. (1890), nec Sess & Moc. (1894) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melampodium ruderale Sw., Fl. Ind. Occ. 3: 1372 (1806) = Eleuthernathera ruderalis (Sw.) Sch.Bip.

Melampodium tenellum Hook. & Arn. var. flaccidum Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur : 115 (1845) = Melampodium divaricatum (Rich. in Pers.) DC.

Melananthera deltoidea Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 107 (1803), nom. illegit. = Melanthera nivea (L.) Small

Melananthera hastata (Walter) Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 107 (1803) = Melanthera nivea (L.) Small