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Jungia L.f., Suppl. Pl. : 58 (1782), nom. cons.

Trinacte Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 415 (1791). Type: Jungia ferruginea L.f.

Rhinactina Willd., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berl. Mag. 1: 139 (1807). Type: [given by Harling] Rhinactina cinerarioides Willd. ex Less. (1830), nom. nud. = Jungia paniculata (DC.) A. Gray

Martrasia Lag., Amen. Nat. Espaas 1: 36 (1811). Type: not designated, as all names provided nomina nuda.

Dumerilia Lag. ex DC., Ann. Mus. Nat. Paris 19: 71, t. 6 (15) & t. 7 (16) (1812). Type: Dumerilia axillaris Lag. ex DC. = Jungia axillaris (Lag. ex DC.) Spreng.

Jungia L.f. sect. Dolichophylla Harl., Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Lit. G thoburg., Bot. 4: 29 (1994)[1995?]. Type: Jungia stuebelii (Hieron.) Crisci

Jungia L.f. sect. Dumerilia (Lag. ex DC.) Harl., Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Lit. Gthoburg., Bot. 4: 32 (1994)[1995?]

Jungia L.f. sect. Multiflorae Harl., Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Lit. G thoburg., Bot. 4: 95 (1994)[1995?]. Type: Jungia calyculata Cuatrec.

Type: Jungia ferruginea L.f.

References

Cerrate Valenzuela, E. (1951). Revisin de las especies peruanas del g nero Jungia. Publ. Mus. HIst. Nat. Javier Prado, Ser. B., 4: 131.

Daz-Piedrahita, S. (2001). Tostimontia, un nuevo g nero de Asteraceae (Mutisieae) originario de Colombia. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat. 25(94): 710.

Harling, G. (1995). The genus Jungia L. fil. (Compositae-Mutisieae). Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Litt. Gothob. Bot. 4: 1133.

Harling, G. (1997). A new species of Jungia (Compositae) from Bolivia. Novon 7(3): 246248.

Hind, D. J. N. (2004). A new species of Jungia (Compositae: Mutisieae: Nassauviinae) from Bolivia. Kew Bull. 59(2): 311314.

Note: Harling (1995, rev.) recognized four sections, provided a key to the known species, and (Harling, 1997) added a further species from Bolivia. A key to Bolivian species was provided by Hind (2004), in describing another specie from Bolivia. Recently, the monospecific genus Tostimontia S. Diaz Piedrahita (2001) was described from Colombia. The genero-specific description, although rather short and lacking adequate diagnostic characters, does not allow it to be separated from Jungia. The only characters by which it can be separated (from Jungia) include the solitary terminal capitula, the caespitose habit, and the peltate leaves. However, the detailed diagnostic plate of the new taxon scarcely supports segregation from Jungia.

Key to species (from Hind, 2004)

1. Capitula 1535-flowered; phyllaries narrowly lanceolate, apices acute to acuminate, often glandular; achenes turbinate or fusiform, beaked and variously pubescent and/or glandular; inflorescences lax panicles with widely spaced capitula (in Bolivian taxa). Sect. Dumerilia2

Capitula usually 812 (15)-flowered; phyllaries essentially oblong, widening towards apices, apices truncate and often mucronate at tip, eglandular; achenes cylindrical, usually glabrous, beakless; inflorescences paniculate and always ending in dense terminal aggregations of capitula. Sect. Jungia7

2. (1) Petiole bases exauriculate 3

Petiole bases auriculate 4

3. (2) Pappus setae plumose; achenes moderately covered in short-stipitate glands (at least in material in K). NE Argentina, Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Uruguay J. floribunda

Pappus setae brbellate or subplumose; achenes usually densely setuliferous, setulae antrorse, apices acute. NW Argentina, Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija) J. polita

4. (2) Achenes glandular on beak and apical callus 5

Achenes eglandular 6

5. (4)Corollas pink or mauve; auricles entire or slightly lobed. Bolivia (La Paz), Ecuador, Peru; (2700) 30004600 m J. rugosa

Corollas white; auricles distinctly dentate or lobed. NE Argentina, Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Uruguay; 4001500 m J. floribunda

6. (4)Involucre 1013 (15) mm diam.; phyllaries usually 1012; florets 2025; pappus grey to dark grey. NW Argentina, Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Peru J. pauciflora ssp. pauciflora

Involucre 710 mm diam.; phyllaries 89; florets 812 (16); pappus usually tawny. NW Argentina, Bolivia (Tarija) J. sordida

7. (1)Corollas white; petiole base exauriculate. Bolivia (La Paz) J. beckii

Corollas purple or reddish lilac; petiole bses auriculate 8

8. (7)Leaves ovate- to trirangular-cordate; margins unlobes or slightly lobed; Bolivia (La Paz), Ecuador, Peru .J. weberbaueri

Leaves sub-orbucular, margins distincly or shallowly lobed. Bolivia (La Paz) J. woodii

Jungia (Martrasia) affinis Gardner, London J. Bot. 6: 460 (1847) = Jungia floribunda Less.

Jungia beckii Harling, Novon 7(3): 246 (1997). Type: Bolivia. La Paz: Prov. Nor Yungas, ca. 4 km from Chuspipata towards Puente Villa, downhill towards Ro Undiavi, 2900 m, 3 Nov. 1990, Beck 18672. Holotype: LPB; isotypes: GB, LPB.

Bolivia (La Paz).

Jungia bullata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Naturalistes Moscou 24(1): 213 (1851) = Jungia rugosa Less.

*Jungia divaricata Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 71 (1896) = Jungia polita Griseb.

*Jungia ferruginea L.f. was mentioned in Foster (1958: 212) but is clearly not present. It is difficult to know which species it was mistaken for since allied species mentioned in Harling (1995) do not occur in Bolivia.

*Jungia floribunda Less., Linnaea 5: 38 (1830). Types: Y'Sellow in Brasilia aequinoctiali. (v. sp. s. ∞.). Syntypes: B.

Jungia pyramidalis D. Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 16(2): 299 (1830). Type: In Brasil ad ripas fluminis La Plata. Sello. L. Holotype: originally in Aylmer Bourke Lambert''s herbarium, now possibly in BM, CGE, G, LE, or OXF fide Miller (1970: 541). Sellow material was also purchased by Rich and is now in Herb. Delessert, P.

Jungia (Martrasia) affinis Gardner, London J. Bot. 6: 460 (1847). Type: Hab. Woods between Arrayas and San Domingos, Province of Goyaz. May, 1840. [Gardner] 4263. Lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 74): BM; isolectotypes: G, GH, K, NY, P, W.

Jungia floribunda Less. var. affinis (Gardner) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 393 (1884).

Jungia tomentosa Sch.Bip. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 393 (1884), nom. nud. pro syn. sub. Jungia floribunda var. b affinis

Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze var. floribunda (Less.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898).

Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze var. tomentosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898). Type: not cited. Harling (1994: 74) cited: Brasilia, in humidis St. Carlos, Apr. 34, Riedel 98. Holotype: LE; isotype: P. [NB. This is difficult to accept since nothing at all was cited in Kuntze (1898: 161) other than a cryptic reference to Sch.Bip. after the name, and nothing is clear from the Flora Brasiliensis account (Baker, 1884: 393394), other than mention of praeterea: Riedel!].

Argentina, Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Arnica, Arnica rapai (Cabrera, 1998); Arnica, Arnica rapai, Beira da mata, Erva do sapo, Higo del bosque, Yaguaret-p , Yaguaret-p (Freire et al., 2006); Higo del bosque (Bolivia), Beira de mata (Brazil), Yaguaret-p , Yaguaret-p (Paraguay)(Harling, 1995).

Jungia floribunda Less. var. affinis (Gardner) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 393 (1884) = Jungia floribunda Less.

*Jungia grossulariifolia Rusby, Descr. New Sp. Sp. S. Amer. Pl. : 164 (1920) = Jungia polita Griseb.

Jungia herzogiana Beauverd in/ex Herzog, Planzenw. Bolivischen Anden : 188 (1923), nom. nud. = Jungia pauciflora Rusby ssp. pauciflora

*Jungia herzogiana Beauverd ex J. Koster, Blumea 5(3): 683 (1945) = Jungia pauciflora Rusby ssp. pauciflora

?Jungia jelskii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5): 512 (1905) = Jungia rugosa Less.

Jungia malvifolia Muschl., Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2/3), Beibl. 111: 105 (1913) = Jungia rugosa Less.

Jungia mandonii Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 79 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 527 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 16) = Jungia pauciflora Rusby ssp. pauciflora

*Jungia orbicularis Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 401 (1907) = Jungia pauciflora Rusby ssp. pauciflora

*Jungia pauciflora Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 401 (1907). Types: [Bolivia:] ([Bang] No. 2048.) This is very near to Mandon 16, and Mathews plant from Chachapoya, Peru, and I am disposed to regard them as identical, although the one here described has stouter and shorter peduncles, larger heads and flowers and the pappus shoerter in proportion to the corollas, I do not therefore take up the proposed name of Schultz-Bipontinus. Harling (1995: 61) merely noted that Bang 2048 was the holotype, without acknowledging that Mandon 16 (on which Schultz Bipontinus nom. nud. J. mandonii was based) and the Mathews collection were cited in the protologue.

ssp. pauciflora

Jungia mandonii Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 79 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 527 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Madon 16).

*Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze var. boliviensis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898). Types: Bolivia: Tunari 3400 m, Cochabamba. [Bolivia. Cochabamba, 3000 m, 26 Mar 1892, Kuntze s.n.; Tunari, 3400 m, Apr-Mar 1892, Kuntze s.n. (2 sheets). according to Wetter & Zardoni, 1985: 333] Syntypes: NY.

*Jungia orbicularis Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 401 (1907). Types: [Bolivia?] (Specimens without number.) Lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 61): Bolivia, sine loco, Bang s. n. NY; isolectotype: NY. Harling provided no distinction between these two sheets!

Jungia herzogiana Beauverd ex Herzog, Planzenw. Bolivischen Anden : 188 (1923), nom. nud.

*Jungia herzogiana Beauverd ex J. Koster, Blumea 5(3): 683 (1945). Types: Hab.: im Gebsch der Waldgrenze ber Tablas, 3400 m alt., Mai 1911, Bl. weiss, [Herzog] n. 2191. Steinbach n. 9810 est eadem species. Harling (1995: 61) incorrectly noted L Holotype, G isotype. without actually noting the syntype (Steinbach 9810) that Koster had cited. It is debatable whether Harlings citation could be accepted as a lectotypification. It is quite clear, however, that Harling determined one of two duplicates in L as the lectotype, and the other as isolectotype.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Jungia polita Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 215 (March-April 1879), Symb. Fl. Argent.: 215 (1879). Type: [Argentina] O.: Tarija, versus S. Anna. Holotype: Lorentz & Hieronymus 952, GOET.

*Jungia divaricata Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 71 (1896). Type: [Bolivia:] Near snow-line, Mt. Tunari, 1891 ([Bang] 1115). Lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 68): NY; isolectotypes: BM, GH, K, LD 2, M, MO, US, Z (000003591). Harling also noted that this was a mixed collection and some material amongst the isolectotypes belongs to Jungia floribunda.

Jungia polita Griseb. var. divaricata (Rusby) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 160 (1898).

Jungia polita Griseb. var. glabra Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 160 (1898). Type: Argentina: Jujuy. [Argentina. Jujuy, Oct 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 333]. Harling (1994: 68) oddly lectotypified this name based on material in NY; duplicates F, US.

*Jungia polita Griseb. var. tomentosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898). Type: Bolivia: Cochabamba, Sierra de Santa Cruz 3000 m. [Bolivia. Sierra de Santa, 3000 m, May 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 333] Harling (1994: 68) appears to have contradicted Wetter & Zanoni (1985: 333) by suggesting that this was not a single collection and moreover it was collected at 2800 m, on 14 Apr 1892. Harling selected a lectotype at NY, a syntype also being present.

*Jungia grossulariifolia Rusby, Descr. New Sp. Sp. S. Amer. Pl. : 164 (1920). Type: Cotana, near Ilimani, Bolivia, 2600 M. altitude, November, 1911. (Otto Buchtien, No. 3306.). Lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 70): Buchtien 3306, NY; isolectotype: US.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija).

Via (Harling, 1995).

Jungia polita Griseb. var. divaricata (Rusby) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 160 (1898)= Jungia polita Griseb.

Jungia polita Griseb. var. glabra Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 160 (1898) = Jungia polita Griseb.

Jungia polita Griseb. var. tomentosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898)= Jungia polita Griseb.

*Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze var. boliviensis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898) = Jungia pauciflora Rusby ssp. pauciflora

Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze var. floribunda (Less.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898) = Jungia floribunda Less.

Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze [var.] b grandistipulata Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898) = Jungia sordida J. Koster

Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze var. tomentosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898) = Jungia floribunda Less.

Jungia pyramidalis D. Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 16(2): 299 (1830) = Jungia floribunda Less.

Jungia rugosa Less., Linnaea 5: 36 (1830). Type: (Cineraria stipulacea W. herb. N. 15992.) Clar. de Humboldt ex itinere reportavit. (v. sp. 2. in herb. W.)'.' Holotype: B-W (15992). Note: Even though Lessing referred to two collections at the end of the protologue it is quite clear that he was referring to a specific sheet at the beginning.

Cineraria stipulacea Willd. ex Less., Linnaea 5: 36 (1830), nom. nud. pro syn.

Jungia bullata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Naturalistes Moscou 24(1): 213 (1851). Types: [Ecuador:] In Andibus Quitensisbus cum Eupatorio (ni fallor) caduciseto DC. sub. nn. 783. 784 collectionis Jamesonianae. Lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 52): Jameson 783784, BM; isolectotypes: G, US.

?Jungia jelskii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5): 512 (1905). Type: Peruvia: crescit inter Chota et Cutervo (J[elsi]. n. 639, m. Junio 1879). Holotype: B.

Jungia malvifolia Muschl., Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(2/3), Beibl. 111: 105 (1913). Type: Peruvia: Conin, in Departimento Ancachs, provincia Huari, in fruticeto laxo, 36003700 m s.m. (Weberbauer n. 2912. Florens 18. Aprilis 1903). Holotype: B; lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 52): G; isolectotypes: GB, LM.

Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Caramate, Hierba zonza (Harling, 1995).

*Jungia sordida J. Koster, Blumea 5(3): 683 (1945). Type: Hab. : auf subalpinene Wiesen der ABra de la Senda, 2300 m alt., Mrz 1911, [Herzog] n. 1839. Lectotype (selected by Harling, 1994: 64): L; isolectotype: L.

Jungia pubescens (Lag.) Kuntze [var.] b grandistipulata Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 161 (1898). Type: ''Argentina: Siambon No. 234 und Cuesta del Garabatal No. 856 Lorentz & Hieronymus im Berliner bot. Museum. Harling (1994: 64) suggested that the holotype was in B (destroyed) and selected Lorentz & Hieronymus 856, K, as the lectotype.

Argentina, Bolivia (?Cochabamba, Tarija).

Jungia tomentosa Sch.Bip. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 393 (1884), nom. nud. pro syn. = Jungia floribunda Less.

Jungia weberbaueri Cerrate, Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, ser. B, Bot. 1(4): 22 (1951). Type: Peru, Dept. Hunuco, Prov. Pachitea, near Chaglla, 2900 m, 29 Jun 1913, Weberbauer 6701 [Citation taken from Harling, 1995: 118, as original publication not seen].[Peru: Huallaga, by Chaglla, 2900 m, Weberbauer 6701, 1909-1914'' on label]. Holotype: MOL; isotypes: A, F (628611), GH 2 (55354, 55355), NY, S, US (1876714).

Ecuador, Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Jungia woodii D. J. N. Hind, Kew Bull., 59(2): 311 (2004). Type: Bolivia, La Paz, Murillo, c. 1520 km E of summit on descent into Zongo Valley, alt. 2500 m, 19 Sept. 1999, Wood 15029. Holotype: K; isotype: LPB.

Bolivia (La Paz).