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Heliopsis Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 473 (1807).

Heliopsis subgen. Kallias Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 24: 326 (1822). Type: Anthemis buphthalmoides Jacq. = Heliopsis buphthalmoides (Jacq.) Dunal

Kallias (Cass.) Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 38: 17 (1825).

Helepta Raf., Neogenyton : 3 (1825). Type: not designated.

Helenomoium Willd. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 551 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn. (Heliopsis canescens Kunth)

Andrieuxia DC., Prodr. 5: 559 (1836). Type: Andrieuxia mexicana DC. = Heliopsis buphthalmoides (Jacq.) Dunal

Type: Heliopsis laevis (L.) Pers. = Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sw.

References

Diaz-Piedrahita, S. (1990). Acerca de la validez de dos nombres Asterceas Colombianas y de su correcta tipificaci n. Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 17: 645648.

Fisher, T. R. (1957). Taxonomy of the genus Heliopsis (Compositae). Ohio J. Sci. 57: 171191.

Robinson, H. (2006). Heliopsis. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds), Flora of Ecuador, No. 77(1): 190(6). Compositae-Heliantheae, Part 1: Introduction, genera AL. Botanical Institute, Gteborg University, G teborg & Section for Botany, Riksmuseum, Stockholm. pp. 181186.

Note: Following the recognition that Acmella oppositifolia (Lam.) R. K. Jansen is Heliopsis buphthalmoides, the expanded synonymy is reflected in the listing below.

Heliopsis buphthalmoides (Jacq.) Dunal, Mm. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 5: 57 (1819).

Anthemis americana L.f., Suppl. Pl. : 378 (1782), non L. (1753)[= Chrysanthellum americanum (L.) Vatke]. Type: Habitat in America meridionali, Mutis.YT' Holotype: Herb. LINN 1016.32; isotype: MA-MUT (4785).

Anthemis oppositifolia Lam., Encycl. 1: 576 (1785), nom. illegit. superfl., based on Anthemis americana L.f.

Anthemis buphthalmoides Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 2: 13, t. 151 (1797). Type: Ex patria ignota. Floret aestate. ... Holotype: ?

Anthemis occidentalis Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2185 (1804), nom. nud.

Acmella occidentalis Willd. ex Rich. in Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 473 (1807), nom. nud.

Heliopsis canescens Kunth in Humb. Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 166 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit in temperatis prope Loxa, alt. 1050 hex. (Regno Quitensi.) 0 [B: no. 3405. Loxa]. Holotype: P-Bonpl.

Andreuxia mexicana DC., Prodr. 5: 559 (1836). Type: ? in Mexico ad montem San-Felipe prope Oaxacam julio floridam legit cl. Andrieux. Gymnolomia? Andr.! pl. exs. n. 303. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

*Stemodontia [sic!](Wedelia) elongata Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club, 3(3): 58 (1893). Type: [Bolivia:] Yungas, 1890 ([Bang] 685). Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Spilanthes phaneractis (Greenm.) A. H. Moore, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 42(No. 20): 543 (1907).

Spilanthes americana (L.f.) Hieron. var. parvula (B. L. Rob.) A. H. Moore f. lanitecta A. H. Moore, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 42(No. 20): 547 (1907). Type: Guatemala: Quich: H. T. Heyde et E. Lux, 3381, San Sguanu, alt. ca. 1770 m. (in Herb. Gray) (specimen cum oedem lectum in Herb. J. S. Sm.). Holotype: GH.

Wedelia annua Gilli, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94(5): 314 (1983). Type: [Ecuador] ''Wald bei Tandapi, 1400 m, 21. 6. 1975, fl., fr. [Gilli] 165. Holotype: W.

Acmella oppositifolia (Lam.) R. K. Jansen, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 8: 30 (1985).

Heliopsis oppositifolia (Lam.) S. Daz, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 17: 647 (1990), comb. illegit. non H. oppositifolia (L.) Druce

Bolivia (Cochabamba), Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Venezuela. Note: Th distribution according to Jansen (1985) is throughout most of tropical Latin America.'', although that was based on the assumption that, as Acmella oppositifolia which included Heliopsis buphthalmoides and Acmella repens it had a broader distribution.

Heliopsis canescens Kunth in Humb. Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 166 (1818) = Heliopsis buphthalmoides (Jacq.) Dunal

Heliopsis oppositifolia (Lam.) S. Daz, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 17: 647 (1990), comb. illegit. non H. oppositifolia (L.) Druce = Heliopsis buphthalmoides (Jacq.) Dunal