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Gynoxys Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 455 (1827).

Type: Gynoxys cordifolia Cass., or Senecio baccharoides Kunth (= Gynoxys baccharoides (Kunth) Cass.)

References

Cuatrecasas, J. (1950). Studies on Andean Compositae I. Fieldiana, Bot. 27(1): 153.

Cuatrecasas, J. (1951). Studies on Andean Compositae II. Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 174.

Herrera de Loja, B. (1980). Revisin de las especies peruanas del g nero Gynoxys. Bol. Soc. Peruana Bot. 8(1 & 2): 374.

Gynoxys alternifolia Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 531 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. = Nordenstamia repanda (Wedd.) Lundin

Gynoxys alternifolia Sch.Bip. ex Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 67 (1896). = Nordenstamia repanda (Wedd.) Lundin

Gynoxys asterotricha Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 529 (Feb. 1866). Type: [Bolivia:] [Mandon] 84. Holotype: ?P; isotype: US. Note: In the earlier published Bull. Soc. Bot. France the name Gynoxys asterotricha appeared under the number 84, but appeared under 84bis in the later published Linnaea.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Note: Not listed by Foster (1958), although perfectly validly published by Schultz-Bipontinus (1865-66: 529), cf. Gynoxys mandonii which was simply compared with G. longifolia.

*Gynoxys baccharoides (Kunth) Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 455 (1827).

Senecio baccharoides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 146 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit locis frigidis Andium Quitensium, alt. 1800 hex. L. Floret Julio. Holotype: P-Bonpl.

Bolivia (La Paz), Ecuador.

*Gynoxys boliviana (Klatt) S. F. Blake, Contr. Gray Herb. 53: 28 (1918).

Liabum bolivianum Klatt, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 9: 362 (1894). Type: Hab.: Bolivia, leg. Cuming. Holotype: W; isotype: GH (8573 possible type fragment and drawing of type).

Bolivia (La Paz).

*Gynoxys cochabambensis Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 14(No. 71): 194 (1949). Type: Bolivia. Dep. Cochabamba, Prov. Chapar, Yanta-Anduana, 3200 m.s.m., leg. J. Steinbach, 9813, 10-VI-1929. Holotype: LP (60380); isotype: K Y 2.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Gynoxys cummingii Benth., Vidensk. Meddell. Naturhist. Foren. Kjbenhavn 1852(57): 106 (1852)[1853] = Pseudogynoxys cummingii (Benth.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec.

*Gynoxys cruzensis Cuatrec., Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 3(3): 295 (1953). Types: Bolivia: Depart. Santa Cruz; Comarapa, Cerro San Mateo, Oberer Waldguertel 3,400 m., Baum bis 8 m.᫻, colect. Jos Steinbach 8515. (GH, F.) Syntypes: F, GH; isotype: S.

Bolivia (Santa Cruz).

*Gynoxys discolor Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 398 (1907) = Pentacalia marinii (Cabrera) Cuatrec.

*Gynoxys foliosa (Rusby) S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 24: 86 (1922).

Diplostephium foliosum Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 128 (1912). Type: [Bolivia:] '' Cargadira, 8000 ft. alt., July 29, 1902 ([R.S. Williams] No. 1529). Holotype: NY; isotype: K.

Bolivia (La Paz).

*Gynoxys glabriuscula Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 68 (1896). Types: [Bolivia:] Near snow-line, Mt. Tunari, 1891 ([Bang] 1116). The same as a specimen collected in Bolivia by Bridges. Syntypes: K. Isosyntypes: Bang 1116: NY (178856 marked as incorrectly as holotype; 178857 marked incorrectly as isotype), Z (000003472).

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

*Gynoxys hallii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19(1): 64 (1894). Types: Ecuador: crescit in regione suprema silvae Andium occidentalium prov. Quito, alt. s. m. 28003400 m ([Lehmann] n. 4664) et prope Zurucucho et Tambo de Quinua haud procul ab urbe Cuenca, alt. s. m. 30003500 m, ubi floret mense Augusto-Septembri ([Lehmann] n. 4605). In monte ignivomo Pichincha, alt. s. m. 3400 m legit Francis Hall. Syntypes: B. Isosyntypes: Lehmann 4605, K 2; Isosyntypes: Lehmann 4664, K 2.

Bolivia (?), Ecuador, Peru.

Note: According to Herrera de Loja (1980) G. hallii is similar to G. visoensis Cuatrec. (Peru); leaf venation, pubescence colour and number of disc florets provide easy distinction between the two.

Gynoxys herzogii Beauverd ex/in Herzog, Pflanzenw. Bolivischen Anden : 191 (1923), nom. nud. =

*Gynoxys hoffmannii Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 3(3): 156 (1898). Type: Bolivia: 300 m Weg zum Rio Juntas. [Bolivia. Weg zum Rio Juntas, 3000 m, 1321 Apr 1892, Kuntze s.n., according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 332]

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

*Gynoxys hypomalaca S. F. Blake, Bot. Gaz. 74: 427 (1922). Type: Bolivia. Higher limit of trees, Sorat, April 22, 1920, E.W.D. and M.M. Holway 567. Holotype: US (1058605).

Bolivia (La Paz).

*''Gynoxys laurifolia (Kunth) Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 455 (1827) was a combination implied, but not actually made, since Cassini only mentioned Senecio laurifolius Kunth in the text. Britton (1892: 265) cited Rusby 1638 against this name and this was the basis of Fosters inclusion of the taxon for Bolivia (1958: 211); it is an Ecuadorian endemic. However, Cuatrecasas (1951: 12) cited this Rusby collection as the type of his Gynoxys soratensis, q.v.

*Gynoxys mandonii Sch.Bip. ex Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 67 (1896). Types: Espirito Santo, 1891 ([Bang] 1196). The same as Mandons 84, though less tomentose. Syntypes: K, NY; isosyntype (Bang 1196): US.

Gynoxis [sic!] mandonii Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea (34(5): 529 (1865), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 84). Note: In the earlier published Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Gynoxys mandonii appeared under Mandon 84, although in the later Linnaea it appeared under Mandon 84bis.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Note: Schultz Bipontinus provided a confusing reference to this species in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865), in contrast to that in Linnaea 34(5): 529 (Feb. 1866) where the line breaks are suffice to explicitly refer the description to Gynoxys asterotricha, merely likening Gynoxys mandonii to Gynoxys longifolia.

Gynoxis [sic!] mandonii Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 529 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 84) = Gynoxys mandonii Sch.Bip. ex Rusby

*Gynoxys (?) megacephala Rusby, Bull New York Bot. Gard. 4(No. 14): 398 (1907). Types: [Bolivia:] ([Bang] No. 1959.) The same collected by Pearce at Huaycani, 11,000 ft., May, 1866. Syntypes: K. Isosyntype (Bang 1959): US.

Bolivia (?).

*Gynoxys neovelutina Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 11 (1951). Type: Bolivia: 3000 m. alt., 14 April 1892, collected Otto Kuntze. Holotype: NY.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

*Gynoxys psilophylla Klatt, Ann. K. K. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien 9: 367 (1894). Type: Hab.: Bolivia, vic. Cochabamba, leg. Miguel Bang, Nr. 1116. Holotype: W; isotypes: GH 2 (8607, 8606 lacks coll. n.), US.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

*Gynoxys repanda Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 77 (1856) = Nordenstamia repanda (Wedd.) Lundin

*Gynoxys rusbyi Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 10 (1951). Type: Bolivia: Pongo de Quisne, 12,500 ft., Rocky hills, collected July 2, 1921 H. H. Rusby no. 3. Syntypes: US, NY.

Bolivia (?).

*Gynoxys sorataensis Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 12 (1951). Type: Bolivia: Sorata, 10,000 ft., collected Feb., 1886, H. H. Rusby 1638. Syntypes: NY, F.

Bolivia (La Paz).

Note: The type collection of this name was first recorded as Gynoxys laurifolia by Britton (1892: 265); that species is most probably an Ecuadorian endemic.

*Gynoxys tablaensis Cabrera, Blumea 7(1): 197 (1952). Type: Hab.: Bumchen an der Waldgrenze ber Tablas, 3400 m alt., Mai 1911, [Herzog] n. 2201, Bl. gelb (Typus). Holotype: L; isotypes: L (sterile shoot), LP (898892 -according to Freire & Iharlegui, 2000: 320 this was supposedly the holotype, but see Obs.), S, Z (000003473).

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Gynura aspera Ridl., J. Malay Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 74 (1923) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

Gynura malasica (Ridl.) Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 2: 190 (1923) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

Gynura rosea Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 61: 25 (1912) = Erechtites valerianifolia (Wolf) DC. var. valerianifolia

Gynura zeylanica Trimen var. malasica Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 61: 24 (1912) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.