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Gamochaeta Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 151 (1856).

Gnaphalium L. sect. Gamochaeta (Wedd.) Benth. pp. et quoad typum (1873)

Type: not stated. Lectotype (selected by Cabrera, 1961: 362): Gnaphalium americanum Mill. = Gamochaeta americana (Mill.) Wedd.

References

Cabrera, A. L. (1961). Observaciones sobre las Inuleae-Gnaphalineae (Compositae) de Amrica del Sur. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 9: 359386.

Cabrera, A. L. (1978). Gamochaeta. In: A. L. Cabrera (Ed.), Flora de la Provincia de Jujuy, Republica Argentina. Coleccion cientifica Tomo XIII, Parte X -- Compositae. INTA, Buenos Aires. pp. 302311.

Dillon, M. O. & A. Sagstegui-Alva. (1991). Sinopsis de los generos de Gnaphaliinae (Asteraceae-Inuleae) de Sudamerica. Arnaldoa 1(2): 591.

Dillon, M. O. & A. Sag stegui-Alva. (1991). Gamochaeta. In: J. F. Macbride & collab., Flora of Peru, Family Asteraceae: Part V. Fieldiana, Bot. n.s. 26 (1422): 2732.

Drury, D. G. (1971). The American spicate cudweeds adventive to New Zealand (Gnaphalium Section Gamochaeta-Compositae). New Zealand J. Bot. 9(1): 157185.

Freire, S. E. & L. Iharlegui. (1997). Gamochaeta lulioana (Asteraceae, Gnaphalieae), una nueva especies de los Andes de Bolivia y Per. Novon 7(1): 3234.

Nesom, G. L. (1990). Taxonomic status of Gamochaeta (Asteraceae: Inuleae) and the species of the United States. Phytologia 68(3): 186198.

Note: It might be better to use Cabreras accounts for a wider species distribution/concept for Bolivia until more material is collected. It is also possible that G. pensylvanica (Willd.) Cabrera and G. calviceps (Fernald) Cabrera are also present in Bolivia.

Gamochaeta americana (Mill.) Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 151 (1856).

Gnaphalium americanum Mill., Dict. ed. 8, Gnaphalium no. 17 (1768). Type: ''The seventeenth sort is an annual plant which grows naturally in France, Italy and Spain Holotype: BM.

Gnaphalium consanguineum Gaudich., Ann. Sci. Nat. 5: 103 (1825). Type: not cited. Note: The table provided by Gaudichaud, and the title of the paper, suggest that the material, in general, came from Les Maloines [Falkland Islands] and more specifically Dtroit de Magellan. Type material is probably in P.

Gnaphalium purpureum L. var. americanum (Mill.) Klatt, Linnaea 42(1): 140 (1878).

Argentina, Bolivia (?), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Jamaica, Peru, Uruguay. Widely adventive, including New Zealand.

Note: ''Gamochaeta alpina Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 152 (1856) is referred to by Cabrera (1961: 364) yet it is quite clear Weddell only used the name [var.] g alpina, but also citing Gnaphalium consanguineum Gaudich. in synonymy.

Vira-vira (Freire, 1998).

Gnaphalium americanum (Mill.) Wedd. var. discolor Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Gess. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 185 (1879) = Luciliocline lopezmirandae (Cabrera) Anderb. & S. E. Freire

Gamochaeta americana (Mill.) Wedd. var. b linearifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 152 (1856) = Gamochaeta sphacelata (Kunth) Cabrera

Gamochaeta capitata Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 153 (1856) = Stuckertiella capitata (Wedd.) Beauv.

Gamochaeta erythractis (Wedd.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 309 (1978).

Merope erythractis Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 162 (1856). Type: Hab. Bolivie: au voisinage de la laguna de Potosi (dOrbigny n. 1370). Holotype: P.

Gnaphalium erythractis (Wedd.) Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 186 (March-April 1879); Symb. Fl. Argent. : 186 (1879).

Belloa erythractis (Wedd.) Cabrera, Revista Invest. Agrc. 11: 404 (1957).

Argentina, Bolivia (Potos ), Peru.

Gamochaeta humilis Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 153 (1856). Type: Hab. Bolivie: endroits pierreux des Cordillres du d partement de La Paz, dans la partie suprieure du ravin de Chiquiaguillo, La Lancha, au-dessus de 4500 mtres (Wedd.). Holotype: P.

Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Gamochaeta lulioana S. E. Frere & Ihalegui, Novon 7(1): 32 (1997). Type: YT'Bolivia. La Paz: Cumbre de Yungas, 22 km de La Paz, 4600 m.s.m., 15 feb. 1950 (fl), A. Krapovickas et A. M. Fuchs de K. 6763. Holotype: LP.

Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Gamochaeta monticola (Phil. ex Reiche) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 9: 371 (1961).

*Gnaphalium monticola Phil. ex Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 112: 117 (1903), non M. O. Dillon & Sagasteg., Phytologia 59(4): 227 (1986). Type: [Chile:] Cordilleras de Santiago (Las Araas). Enero. [I-1861, Landbeck 60] Holotype: SGO, isotype: LP.

Gnaphalium monticola Phil. ex Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 66 (1905), nom. illegit., later hom.

Bolivia (?), Chile.

Gamochaeta sphacelata (Kunth) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 9: 380 (19

Gnaphalium sphacelatum Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 67 (1818). Type: Crescit inter urbem Mexici et pagum Huehuetoque, alt. 1170 hex. K Floret Majo.''' Holotype: P-Bonpl.

Gnaphalium sphacelatum Kunth f. a legitimum DC., Prodr. 6: 234 (1838), based on Gnaphalium sphacelatum Kunth

Gamochaeta americana (Mill.) Wedd. var. b linearifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 152 (1856). Type: quateur: dans les p turages lev s des Andes de Quito!, h. 3350 mtres (Jameson, exsicc., ann. 1856, n. 478). Holotype: P.

Argentina, Bolivia (?), Ecuador, .... Mexico. It remains to be seen if this species is actually present in Bolivia.

Gamochaeta simplicaulis (Willd.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 9: 378 (1961)

Gnaphalium simplicicaule Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 481 (1826). Type: ''Cumana. Humb.

Gnaphalium purpureum L. var. simplicicaule (Willd.) Klatt, Linnaea 42(1): 140 (1878).

Note: Cabrera (1978) listed the distribution of this species as Amrica del Sur c lida, desde Venezuela hasta el centro de la Argentina. It remains to be seen if it also occurs in Bolivia.

Gamochaeta spicata (Lam.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 9: 380 (1961).

*Gnaphalium spicatum Lam., Encycl. 2: 757 (1786). Type: Commerson a trouv cette plante Monte Video, dans le Paraguay. (v.s.). Holotype: P-LA (325/1).

Gnaphalium coarctatum Willd., Sp. Pl. 3(3): 1886 (1804), nom. illegit., citing G. spicatum Lam. in synonymy.

Gnaphalium purpureum L. var. spicatum (Lam.) Klatt, Linnaea 42(1): 140 (1878).

Gnaphalium purpureum L. var. spicatum (Lam.) Baker in Mart., fl. Bras. 6(3): 124 (1882), comb. superfl.

Argentina, Bolivia (?), Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay. Widely adventive elsewhere, including the USA and New Zealand.

Diuca laguen, Lengua de perro, Vira-vira (Freire et al., 2006).

Gamochaeta weddelliana (Rusby) Anderb., Opera Bot. 104: 157 = Stuckertiella capitata (Wedd.) Beauverd