This page has been extracted from PDF and some formating may have been lost.
To see the original document click here


 

Erechtites Raf., Fl. Ludovic.: 65 (1817).

Neoceis Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1820: 90 (1820). Type: Neoceis hieraciifolia (L.) Cass. = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. hieraciifolia

Ptileris Raf., Amer. Month. Mag. : 268 (1818), nom. nud.

Type: Erechtites prealta Raf. = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. hieraciifolia

References

Belcher, R. O. (1956). A revision of the genus Erechtites (Compositae) with inquiries into Senecio and Arrhenchthites. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 43(1): 185.

Hind, D. J. N. (1995). Compositae. In: B. L. Stannard (ed.), Flora of the Pico das Almas, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil. pp. 175278.

Key to species

Corollas greenish-yellow; leaves sessile or pseudopetiolate, margins serrate or lobate-dentate but not appearing pinnate; pappus setae white; diameter of capitulum usually c. lengthE. hieraciifolia

Corollas pink; leaves petiolate, margins deeply pinnately lobed; pappus setae usually conspicuously pink; diameter of capitulum usually 1/3 length E. valerianifolia

Erechtites cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Less., Syn. Gen. Compos. : 395 (1832) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

Erechtites carduifolia (Cass.) DC., Prodr. 6: 294 (1838) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

Erechtites carduifolia (Cass.) DC. var. latifolia Klatt, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 36: 291 (1896), nom. nud. = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

Erechtites gardneriana Cabrera, Brittonia 7(1): 54 (1950), nom. nov. pro Senecio valerianifolius Gardner = Erechtites valerianifolia var. valerianifolia

Erechtites hieraciifolia Walp., Rep. Bot. Syst. 2: 651 (1843) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

*Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC., Prodr. 6: 294 (1838).

var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I.: 381 (1861).

Senecio hieraciifolius L., Mant. Pl. : 469 (1771). Type: Habitat in America Septentrionali. 0. Lectotype (selected by Belcher, 1956: 14): Herb. Linn. No. 996.1 (LINN).

Sonchus agrestis Swartz, Prodr. : 110 (1788). Type: Sonchus laevis Sloan. cat. 122. h. 255. Jamaica.

Senecio cacalioides Fisch. ex Spreng., Nov. Prov. : 37 (1819). Type: Habitat in Jamaica. Hort. hal. et berol.

Neoceis carduifolia Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1820: 91 (1820). Type: Jai observ cette esp ce au Jardin du Roi, o elle fleurissait en ao t 1819; jignore son origine, et je ne crois pas quelle ait t dcrite; ... TYpe material probably in P.

Sonchus occidentalis Spreng., Neue Entdeck. 2: 143 (1821). Types: ''Ex insulis Antigua, Dominica, Guadelupa.

Senecio carduifolius (Cass.) Desf., Cat. Hort. Paris. ed. 3: 177 (1829).

Erechtites cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Less., Syn. Gen. Compos. : 395 (1832).

Erechtites carduifolia (Cass.) DC., Prodr. 6: 294 (1838).

Erechtites hieraciifolia Walp., Rep. Bot. Syst. 2: 651 (1843) is cited in the literature but is merely a citation of the reference in de Candolle, and neither a new name nor a new combination.

Sonchus brasiliensis Meyen & Walp., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19, Suppl. 1: 293 (1843). Type: Brasilia: Rio de Ianeiro. (v.s.) Holotyep: B.

Senecio fischeri Sch.Bip., Flora 28: 498 (1845), nom. inval.

Erechtites (Neoceis) sulcata Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 419 (1848). Types: Hab. Near Vill de Arrayas, Province of Goyaz. ([Gardner] 3868), and on the ascent of the Corcovado, near Rio de Janeiro ([Gardner] 5527).

Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) DC. var. cacalioides Less. f. pubescens Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 335 (1891), nom. nud.

Ptileris hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex B. D. Jacks., Index Kewensis 2: 657 (1895), nom. nud.

Erechtites carduifolia DC. var. latifolia Klatt, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 36: 291 (1896), nom. nud.

Gynura zeylanica Trimen var. malasica Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 61: 24 (1912). Types: Singapore: Tanglin, Tanjong Katong; Johore: Tana Merah Road (Ridley 2741); Pulau Dayong (Kelsall); Muar: Bukit Kayara, Sungei Pauh (Fox); Pahang: Sungei Meiang; Penang: Tanjong Bunga (Curtis 3400); Tringanu: Bundi (Rostado). Syntypes: [Singapore Gardens Herbarium]

Gynura malasica (Ridl.) Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 2: 190 (1923).

Gynura aspera Ridl., J. Malay Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 74 (1923). Type: [Northern Sumatra:] In long grass on the [Karu] plateau. [Singapore Gardens Herbarium]

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia (Ben, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Guyana, China, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Java, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Sabah, Sarawak, Surinam, Sumatra, Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Almeir ozinho (Cabrera & Klein, 1975).

Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) DC. var. cacalioides Less. f. pubescens Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 335 (1891), nom. nud. = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

Erechtites (Neoceis) organensis Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 420 (1848) = Erechtites valerianifolia (Wolf) DC. [f. organensis (Gardner) Belcher]

Erechtites (Neoceis) sulcata Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 419 (1848) = Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb.

*Erechtites valerianifolia (Wolf) DC., Prodr. 6: 295 (1838).

Senecio palustris Vell., Fl. Flum. Icones 8: tab. 110 (1827)[1831]. Type: not cited. [In the full text published in Arch. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 5: 334 (1881) the following is provided: Habitat maritimis, mediterraneisque ad loca uliginosa. Floret Febr. (Vulgo dicitur Potinoba.).

Senecio crassus Vell., Fl. Flum. Icones 8: pl. 111 (1831). Type: not cited. [In the full text published in Arch. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 5: 335 (1881), the following is provided: ''Habitat, et floret jisdem locis, ac temporibus, quibus praecedens..

Senecio paludicola Steud., Nom. ed. 2, 2: 563 (1841), nom. superfl. illegit., as nom. nov. pro Senecio palustris Vell.

var. valerianifolia

Senecio valerianifolius Wolf, Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1825). Type: [Original seed list not yet located]

Senecio valerianifolius Desf., Cat. Hort. Paris ed. 3: 178 (1829), nom. nud., nom. illegit.

Crassocephalum valerianifolium (Wolf) Less., Linnaea 5: 163 (1830).

Sonchus erythropappus Meyen & Walp., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes.-Leop. Nat. Cur. 19, Suppl. 1: 293 (1843). Type: Brasilia: Rio de Ianeiro. (v.s.). Holotype: B.

Senecio valerianifolius Gardner, London J. Bot. 4: 127 (1845), nom. illegit. Type: Hab. Open bushy places, Organ Mountains, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. [Gardner] 252.

Erechtites (Neoceis) organensis Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 420 (1848). Type: Hab. Open places on the Organ Mountains, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. March, 1841. [Gardner] 5790. Holotype (q.v. Belcher): BM. Apparently material in F and K are of var. valerianifolia!

Erechtites valerianifolia (Wolf) DC. var. organensis (Gardner) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 300 (1884).

Gynura rosea Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 61: 25 (1912). Types: Singapore: Gardens, Pulau Ubin, Chan Chu Kang; Pahang: Telom; Selangor: Kwala Lumpur (Curtis 2349); Perak: Ipoh (Curtiss 2995); Penang: Government Hill (Curtiss 2995 [sic!]); Dindings: Lumut (Ridley); Java: Sindang Laya (Hullett). Syntypes: SING

Erechtites gardneriana Cabrera, Brittonia 7(1): 54 (1950), nom. nov. pro Senecio valerianifolius Gardner

Erechtites valerianifolia (Wolf) DC. f. organensis (Gardner) Belcher, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 43(1): 29 (1956).

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Celebes, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Guatemala, Hawaiian Islands, Japan, Leeward Islands, Mexico. New Guinea, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Sabah, Samoan Islands, Sarawak, Solomon Islands, Sumatra, Venezuela, Windward Islands.

Note: Belcher (1956) also reported forma organensis (Gardner) Belcher from Bolivia. This form was distinguished by having much more finely divided leaves with entire or minutely serrulate segments, and the plants usually of small stature. Its associated synonymy is added to the typical variety above but can easily be extracted if considered worth separating as a distinct entity. However, it should be recognized that this, and indeed E. hieraciifolia, are extremely variable even in one locality.

Caruru-amargoso (Cabrera & Klein, 1975).