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Eclipta L., Mant. Pl. 2: 157 (1771), nom. cons.

Ecliptica Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891), orth. var.

Eupatoriophalacrom Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754), nom. rej. Type: not designated.

Micrelium Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. : 152 (1775). Type: Micrelium tolak Forssk. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

?Abasoloa La Llave & Lex., Nov. Veg. Descr. 1: 11 (1824). Type: Abasaloa taboada Llave & Lex.

Paleista Raf., New. Fl. 2: 43 (1837)[1836]. Type: Paleista flexuosa Raf. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Type: Eclipta erecta L. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Reference

Robinson, H. (2006). Eclipta. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds), Flora of Ecuador, No. 77(1): 190(6). Compositae-Heliantheae, Part 1: Introduction, genera AL. Botanical Institute, Gteborg University, G teborg & Section for Botany, Riksmuseum, Stockholm. pp. 134139.

Eclipta adpressa Moench, Meth. Suppl. : 245 (1802), nom. illegit., based on Eclipta erecta L.

Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk., Pl. Rar. Jav. : 528 (1848) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. var. zippeliana (Bl.) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 66 (1856) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta angustifolia Presl, Bot. Bemerk. : 105 (1844), nom. nud. = Eclipta prostrata (l.) L.

Eclipta arabica Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 542 (1840), nom. illegit. superfl. pro E. erecta L. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta brachypoda Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 130 (1803), based on Amellus? carolinianus Walter = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta dichotoma Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 42 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta dubia Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 40 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta erecta L., Mant. Pl. 2: 286 (1771), nom. illegit. based on Verbesina alba L. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta erecta L. [var.] b diffusa DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta erecta L. var. prostrata (L.) Baker, Fl. Maurit. Seych. : 169 (1877) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta flexuosa Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta hirsuta Bartl., Linnaea 13: 95 (1839) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta linearis Otto ex Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2 : 308 (1830), nom. inval. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta longifolia Schrad. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta marginata Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 542 (1840), nom. illegit. superfl. pro E. erecta L. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta nutans Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 42 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta palustris G. Forst. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 603 (1826) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta palustris DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta parviflora Wall. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta patula Schrad. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta phillippinensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 40 (1918) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta procumbens Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 129 (1803) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta procumbens Michx. [var.] b patula DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., Mant. Pl. : 286 (1771).

Verbesina alba L., Sp. Pl.: 902 (1753). Type: Habitat in Virginia, Surinamo. F. Lectotype (selected by Wijnands, Bot. Commelins: 74, 1983): [icon]

Verbesina prostrata L., Sp. Pl.: 902 (1753). Type: Habitat in India. Lectotype (selected by Wijnands, Bot. Commelins: 74, 1983): [icon] Chrysanthemum Maderaspatanum, Menthae arvensis folio & facie, floribus bigemellis, ad foliorum alas, pediculis curtis in Plukenet, Phytographia: t. 118, f. 5 (1691); Almag. Bot.: 100 (1696). Typotype: Herb. Sloane 94: 175 (BM-SL).

Eclipta erecta L., Mant. Pl. 2: 286 (1771), nom. illegit. based on Verbesina alba L.

Eclipta strumosa Salisb., Prodr. : 205 (1796), based on Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Bellis ramosa Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 216, t. 129 (1763). Type: Habitat in Domingo & Martinica, in pratensibus humidis & inundatis aeque maritimis atque aliis. Holotype: ?

Verbesina conyzoides Trew, Pl. Rar. : 8 (1763). Type: Loco natalem ignoro, quum in horto reperi. Holotype: ? Note: Trews herbarium is in Erlangen University, ER.

Cotula alba (L.) L., Syst. Nat. 2: 564 (1767).

Micrelium tolak Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. : 152 (1775), nom. inval. Type: Hade. Arab. Talak.[Forssk l 1470] Holotype: C. Note: Herbarium Forssklii is in C and plants covered in Forssk ls Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica have been well documented by Hepper & Friis (1994). Robinson (2006a: 136) cited the holotype as in BM an unnumbered collection, which is counted as an isotype.

Amellus? carolinianus Walter, Fl. Carol. : 213 (1788). Type: not stated.

Eclipta adpressa Moench, Meth. Suppl. : 245 (1802), nom. illegit., based on Eclipta erecta L.

Eclipta procumbens Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 129 (1803). Type: Hab. in Carolina. Holotype: ?P if not lost.

Eclipta brachypoda Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 130 (1803), based on Amellus? carolinianus Walter

Eclipta undulata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2219 (1803). Type: Habitat in India orientalis. 0. (v.s.). Holotype: B-W (16373). Note: this single sheet has (Roxburgh) written at the bottom of the sheet.

Eclipta palustris G. Forst. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 603 (1826). Type: Ins. maris pacifici. Lectotype (selected by Nicolson, 2003: 307): [Habitat in India, Forster], K. Note: This sheet in K has not been annotated by Nicolson, but is certainly housed amongst the Polynesian material.

Eclipta zippeliana Bl., Bijdr. 15: 914 (Dec. 1826). Type: Crescit: in graminosis paludosis Bataviae ab Hortulano Zippelio primo detecta. Holotype: ?L.

Eclipta linearis Otto ex Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2 : 308 (1830), nom. inval. [Note: The plant was introduced in 1825 but from an unknown locality.]

Wiborgia? oblongifolia Hook., Bot. Misc. 2: 226 (1831). Type: Hab. Lurin, near Lima. [A. Cruckshanks, s.n.] Holotype: K.

Eclipta thermalis Bunge, Enum. Pl. Chin. Bor. : 39 (1833). Type: Hab. ad thermas prope Tan-schan. Floret Majo. 0. Holotype: ?LE.

Galinsoga? oblongifolia (Hook.) DC., Prodr. 5: 677 (1836).

Eclipta erecta L. [var.] b diffusa DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836). Type: in Senegaliae regione Walo cum var. erecta in argilosis inundatis legit cl. Perrottet. (v.s. comm. cl. inv.). Types: there are two Perrottet collections in G-DC, one numbered íYTí˛'No 6, the other No 7.

Eclipta longifolia Schrad. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836). Type: in insulis Caribaeis, Guadalup; fort in Porto-Ricco, Domingo et Martinic si Bellis ramosa Jacq. amer. 216. t. 129 et ide E. punctata Linn. mant. 2. p. 286 huc reit referencdae? E. erecta Linn. mant. 286. (v.s.). There are a few specimens in G-DC č'- Schrader s.n., 1832, Bertero (or Balbis) 1820, s. coll. 151.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. [var.] b undulata (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836).

Eclipta parviflora Wall. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836). Types: (Wall.! cat. et herb. n. 323), ... in Indiae orientalis humidis legerunt cl. Heyne et Wight. Hic etiam pertinere videtur E. prostrata D et E Wall.! cat. et herb. comp. n. 319 et Ecl. prostrata Chamisso in Luzoni lecta. ... (v.s.). There appear to be two sheets bearing a numbered label 319 that may well correspond to the Wallich Herbarium material cited by de Candolle, but they do not bear the typical cut-up labels (from the Numerical List) that duplicates normally have. However, the supplementary numbers were added by de Candolle to the Compositae from this collection. The corresponding number in the Numerical List ... (= Wallich Catalogue) is 3209; there are supplementary entries in the catalogue, AE, of which the last two correspond to Heyne (D) and Wight (E), E has two collecting labels at the top indicating differing dates of collection, neither are numbered. Material from the Numerical List corresponding to 323 bears the catalogue number 3213, under which there are three sheets, A, B, and C. An examination of the material in K-W shows A is ex Herb. Heyn, B was collected in Martabania in 1827 (according to the Catalogue) and, C collected in Rampoore and numbered 150/Found in Rampoore [and also illegibly dated]. Specimens B and C are individually determined as 323 on separate determination slips which appear to originate from de Candolle. Syntypes: G-DC, K-W.

Eclipta procumbens Michx. [var.] b patula DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836). Type: Patr. ign. Ecl. patula Schrad.! in litt. 1832. Buphthalmum diffusum Vahl herb. ex Puer.! herb. (v.s.). The material from Schrader (s.n., 1832) in G-DC is not separated from the general material of Eclipta procumbens.

Eclipta patula Schrad. ex DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn.

Buphthalmum diffusum Vahl ex DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn.

Eclipta palustris DC., Prodr. 5: 491 (1836), nom. nud. pro syn.

Eclipta dubia Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 40 (1836). Type/s?: Virginia to Florida in gravelly soils, flowers estival: Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta flexuosa Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836). Type/s?: in Guyana and South America, biennial 2 or 3 feet high, thus totally unlike the two above. Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta tinctoria Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836). Type: in Asia and Egypt, used to die black, certainly different again from all the American sp. but requiring a better description. Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta simplex Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836). Type/s?: sent to me from Alabama and Tennessee as E. procumbens although quite erect. Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta sulcata Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836). Type: Louisiana, sent me by Riddell as the E. procumbens? Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta dichotoma Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 42 (1836). Type: Arkanzas, found by Nuttall, mistaken also for E. erecta, Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta pumila Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 42 (1836). Type: Mts. Cumberland of East Kentucky, Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta nutans Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 42 (1836). Type: in Kentucky also the banks of the Ohio and Potiowmak, Note: Location of extant material unknown.

Eclipta hirsuta Bartl., Linnaea 13: 95 (1839). Type: [Under the heading Index Seminum horti academici Gottingensis 1838. 4 to.] Pro Ecl. latifolia miss. ex H. Francof. 1838. Type material probably in GOET.

Eclipta arabica Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 542 (1840), nom. illegit. superfl. pro E. erecta L.

Eclipta marginata Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 542 (1840), nom. illegit. superfl. pro E. erecta L.

Eclipta angustifolia Presl, Bot. Bemerk. : 105 (1844), nom. nud.

*Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk., Pl. Rar. Jav. : 528 (1848).

Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. var. zippeliana (Bl.) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 66 (1856).

Eleutheranthera prostrata (L.) Sch.Bip., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 24: 239 (1866).

Eclipta erecta L. var. prostrata (L.) Baker, Fl. Maurit. Seych. : 169 (1877).

Eclipta phillippinensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 40 (1918). Types: Hab.: Oceania, insulae Philippinae (Cuming n. 2436!); Nova Caledonia in planitie Dombea (Debeaux!). Syntypes: ?P; isosyntype: Cuming 2436, K. Note: The Kew isosyntype has had Phillip. I. crossed out and Singapore has been written underneath in pencil, suggesting somebody was doubtful over the collecting locality.

A very widespread pantropic weed. Bolivia (Ben, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz).

Note: The name Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. var. zippeliana (Bl.) J. Kosterí'', appears in the literature but I havent yet been able to trace it. It wasnt mentioned in Kosters papers till 1979, but unfortunately Index Kewensis did not treat infraspecific taxa until long after that date.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. [var.] b undulata (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 5: 490 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta pumila Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 42 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta simplex Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta strumosa Salisb., Prodr. : 205 (1796), nom. illegit, based on Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta sulcata Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta thermalis Bunge, Enum. Pl. Chin. Bor. : 39 (1833) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta tinctoria Raf., New Fl. Amer. 2: 41 (1836) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta undulata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2219 (1803) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Eclipta zippeliana Bl., Bijdr. 15: 914 (Dec. 1826) = Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.