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Dendrophorbium (Cuatrec.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 75 (1992).

Senecio L. sect. Pluricephali Cabrera, Lilloa 5(1): 70 (1939). Type: not stated. Lectotype (selected by ): S. bomanii/peregrinus

Senecio L. sect. Myriocephalus Cabrera, Lilloa 15(1): 56 (1949). Type: Senecio myriocephalus Baker, nom. illegit. = Senecio pluricephalus Cabrera = Dendrophorbium pluricephalum (Cabrera) C. Jeffrey

Senecio L. sect. Macbrideus Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 72 (1951). Type: Senecio macbridei Greenm. = Dendrophorbium reflexum (Kunth) C. Jeffrey

Senecio L. sect. Dendrophorbium Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 72 (1951). Type: Senecio silvani Cuatr. = Dendrophorbium silvani (Cuatrec.) C. Jeffrey

Type: Dendrophorbium pluricephalum (Cabrera) C. Jeffrey

References

Cabrera, A. L. (1985). El gnero Senecio (Compositae) en bolivia. Darwiniana 26(14): 79--217. [sub Senecio Serie 6. Myriocephali (Cabr.) Cabr., pp. 126147]

Vision, T. J. & M. O. Dillon. (1996). Sinopsis de Senecio L. (Senecioneae, Asteraceae) para el Per. Arnaldoa 4(1): 2346.

Key to species

1. Capitula discoid or subdiscoid with female marginal florets wih tubular corollas or lacking marginal florets 2

Capitula radiate; marginal florets distinctly rayed 5

2. (1) Phyllaries 83

Phyllaries 12154

3. (2) Marginal florets female, tubular; plants densely and shortly pubescent D. chaenocephalum

Marginal florets absent; plants glabrous or almost glabrous D. zogoense

4. (2) Leaves petiolate; involucre 910 mm tall D. acuminatissimum

Leaves sessile; involucres 7 mm tall D. biserrifolium

5. (1) Inflorescences in corymbose cymes 6

Inflorescences in racemes or pyramidal panicles or -'alargadas 10

6. (5) Phyllaries 87

Phyllaries 12138

7. (6) Involucre 89 mm tall; leaves 58 cm long by 12 cm wide D. buchtienii

Involucre 67 mm tall; leaves 1226 cm long by 1.56 cm wide D. longilinguae

8. (6) Leaves (including lowermost) sessile and auriculate at base D. ayopayanse

Leaves petiolate 9

9. (8) Leaves 520 cm long by 2.59 cm wide with 810 pairs of secondary veins and 1020 teeth on each margin D. curvidens

Leaves to 35 cm by 812 cm wide with 3040 pairs of secondary veins and numerous teeth on each margin D. multinerve

10. (5) Involuvre 910 mm tall; phyllaries 13; leaves tomentose beneath D. cabrerianum

Involucre 48 mm tall; leaves glabrous or lanuginose beneath 11

11. (10) Leaves oblong-lanceolate, gross-dentate in upper half, glabrous above and beneath; phyllaries 813; involucre 68 mm tall D. medulosum

Leaves lanceolate, elliptic or ovate, menudamente serrate 12

12. (11) Involucre 78 mm tall; phyllaries 13; leaves coriaceous, glabrous D. biacuminatum

Involucre 46 (7) mm tall; leaves not coriaceous 13

13. (12) Phyllaries 1214 14

Phyllaries 89 15

14. (13) Leaves tomentose beneath, 22 cm long by 7.5 cm wide D. krukoffii

Leaves glabrous, 1020 cm long by 2.55 cm wide D. coroicense

15. (13) Leaves glabrous above and arachnoid or also glabrous beneath 16

Leaves asperous-pubescent or glandular pubescent above 17

16. (15) Involucre 56 mm tall; pedicels and phyllaries cripsed-puberulous; leaves arachnoid pubescent beneath D. cabrarae

Involucre 45 mm tall; pedicels and phyllaries glabrescent; leaves glabrous beneath D. peregrinum

17. (15) Involucre 4 mm tall; leaves lanceolate or oblanceolate D. tabacifolius

Involucre 57 mm tall; leaves broadly ovate D. bomanii

Dendrophorbium acuminatissimum (Cabrera) D. J. N. Hind, Kew Bull. 63(3): 515 (2008)[Jan 2009]

Senecio acuminatissimus Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 18(No. 89): 233 (1955). Type: Bolivia. Nordyungas, Undavi 3150 m s.m., leg. O. Buchtien, 9119, X-1931. Holotype: MO.

Bolivia (La Paz).

La Paz: Nordyungas, Undavi 3300 m s.m., leg. O. Buchtien, 4807, XI-1910 (US).

Dendrophorbium ayopayense (Cuatrec.) D. J. N. Hind, Kew Bull. 63(3): 515 (2008)[Jan 2009]

*Senecio ayopayensis Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 50 (1951). Type: Bolivia: Dep. COchabamba, prov. Ayopaya: Sailapata, 2700 m. alt. Shrub 2-3 met. in wet soil, collect. M. Cardenas 3272. Holotype: US.

Senecio multinervis Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 393 (1907), nom. illegit. non Sch.Bip. ex Klatt (1886)(= Dendrophorbium multinerve (Sch.Bip. ex Klatt) C. Jeffrey). Type: A shrub 6 to 8 ft. high, with yellow flowers, scarce in forest-mould. Unduavi, September, 1894 ([Bang] No. 2495.) Holotype: NY; isotypes: US (2x fragments of holotype).

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

Dendrophorbium biacuminatum (Rusby) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 65 (1992).

*Senecio biacuminatus Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 394 (1907). Type(s?): [Bolivia:] ([Bang] No. 1879.). This may be the same as Mandon 147. Mr. Bang sends another specimen, without number, with larger, sunuately serrate, clasping leaves, narrower involucre, the scales longer and obtusish and the rays smuch smaller, which may be a variety of this.. Holotype: NY; isotype: US. Note: There is an added note with the US isotype that suggests the collection number is incorrect and should have been 2879.

Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Dendrophorbium biserrifolium (Kuntze) D. J. N. Hind, Kew Bull. 63(3): 515 (2008)[Jan 2009].

*Senecio biserrifolius Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 171 (1898). Type: Bolivia: 2600 m Ostseite der Corillere nach Rio Juntas zu. Note: Wetter & Zanoni (1985) were unable to find any material of this in NY.

Bolivia (La Paz).

Dendrophorbium bomanii (R. E. Fr.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 65 (1992)

Senecio bomanii R. E. Fr., Arkiv Botanik 5(13): 26 (1906). Type: Argentinae prov. Jujuy: Laguna de Sausal ad Sierra S:a Barbara, in ripa ad marginem silvae subtropicae, gregatim [27/7 01; Fr. 412]. Holotype: S.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca).

Dendrophorbium buchtienii (Greenm.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 65 (1992).

*Senecio buchtienii Greenm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 10: 78 (1923). Type: Bolivia: Unduavi, Noryungas, alt. 3300 m., November, 1910, O. Buchtien 3087. Syntypes: MO (fragment and photograph), NY, US.

Pentacalia buchtienii (Greenm.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 49(3): 244 (1981).

Bolivia (La Paz).

Dendrophorbium cabrerae (Cuatrec.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 66 (1992).

*Senecio cabrerae Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 61 (1951). Types: Bolivia: Unduavi, Nordyungas, 3300 m. alt., collect. Otto Buchtien 3084 & 3085. Syntypes: US. Note: Cuatrecasas determinavit slips on the sheets in US indicate that 3084 was consider as the type and 3085 (the leafier material) the isotype.

*Senecio myrianthus Klatt, Leopoldina 23: 10 [1886](1887).[as (S. castaneaefolius Schultz Bip. nex De Cand.)] Type: Bolivia, Vinciniis Sorata in silvulis, leg. G. Mandon Juli-november 1857, No. 141. Holotype: GH; isotype: S. Note: this would appear to be valid publication of this name in a separately paginated pre-print, although it is often cited as having published in the following volume, q.v.

Senecio myrianthus Klatt, Leopoldina 24: 127 (1888). See note above.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

Dendrophorbium cabrerianum (Greenm. & Cuatrec.) C. Jeffrey,Kew Bull. 47(1): 66 (1992).

*Senecio cabrerianus Greenm. & Cuatrec., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 55: 134 (1953), non Senecio williamsii Phil. (1894).

*Senecio williamsii Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 134 (1934), nom. illegit. non Phil. (1894). Types: [Bolivia:] Six ft. high; Santa Cruz, 5000 ft., Aug. 24, 1902 ([R.S. Williams] No. 1460)./ The same collected by Pearce. Syntypes: NY.

Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz).

Dendrophorbium chaenocephalum (Cabrera) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 66 (1992)

*Senecio chaenocephalus Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 45): 192 (1944). Type: Bolivia. Departamento de Santa Cruz, Provincia de Cercado, inmediaciones de Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 450 m. s. m., leg. J. Steinbach, no 2705, 24-VIII-1916. Holotype: Herb. Cabrera LP (64645).

Bolivia (Santa Cruz).

Dendrophorbium coroicense (Rusby) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 66 (1992).

*Senecio coroicensis Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 395 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] [Bang No. 2435] A shrub 10 ft. or more high, in rich forest-mould, the flowers light-blue. Cocoico, September, 1894. Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

Dendrophorbium curvidens (Sch.Bip.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 66 (1992).

Senecio curvidens Sch.Bip., Bonplandia 4(4): 52 (1856). Type: not stated by Schultz Bipontinus but Hohenackers contemporary listing (Hohenacker, 1856: 55) indicated this is Lechler 2658. [Peru: Tatanara, Aug. m. 1854]. Holotype: P; isotypes G, GOET, K, S. Cabrera (1985: 135) suggested that the holotype was in B, although for all other Schultz Bipontinus types they are cited as in P.

*Senecio liabifolius Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 396 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] ([Bang] No. 2033.) Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz), Peru.

Note: Senecio curvidens Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 24: 127 (1888) is often applied to this name as the valid place of publication, based apparently on Senecio curvidens Sch.Bip. which was considered a nom. nud. Schultz Bipontinus clearly provided a short diagnosis. The citation, however is wrong and should be Leopoldina 23 [1886](1887), as the likely preprint in Kew also suggests that it was published on p. 9.

Dendrophorbium krukoffii (Cuatrec.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 67 (1992).

*Senecio krukoffii Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 51 (1951). Type: Bolivia: Dep. La Paz, Prov. of S. Yungas, vicinity of Tajma (near Chulumani) 1500-1600 m., collect. B. A. Krukoff 10715. Syntypes: NY, F. iso: L.

Pentacalia krukoffii (Cuatrec.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 49(3): 255 (1981).

Bolivia (La Paz).

Dendrophorbium longilinguae (Cuatrec.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 67 (1992).

*Senecio longilinguae Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 51 (1951). Type: Bolivia, collect. Miguel Bang 2495. Holotype: US.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz), Peru.

Dendrophorbium medullosum (Sch.Bip. ex Greenm.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 67 (1992).

Senecio medullosus Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 531 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. pro syn. (based on Mandon 147).

*Senecio medullosus Sch.Bip. ex Greenm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 10(1): 85 (1923). Type: Bolivia: vicinity of Sorata, alt. 2900 m., October, 1858, Mandon 147. Syntypes: GH, MO (fragment and photograph).

Senecio oblanceolatus Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 394 (1907), non Rydb. (1900). Type: [Bolivia:] ([Bang] No. 2632.) Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Pentacalia medullosa (Sch.Bip. ex Greenm.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 49(3): 256 (1981).

Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Dendrophorbium multinerve (Sch.Bip. ex Klatt) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 67 (1992).

Senecio multinervis Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 531 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 142).

Senecio multinervis Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 23: 10 (1887), non Rusby (1907)(= Dendrophorbium ayopopayense (Cuatrec.) D. J. N. Hind). Type: Bolivia, Viciniis Sorata in silvulis. Sept. Nov. 1879, leg. G. Mandon, No. 142. Holotype: GH; isotypes: NY, US (fragment of NY). Note: the separately published pre-print in K indicates that the name was published in Leopoldina 23 and not in the next volume.

*Senecio multinervis Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 24: 127 (1888). See note above.

*Senecio unduavianus Cuatrec., Fieldiana, Bot. 27(2): 49 (1951). Type: Bolivia: Unduavi, Nordyungas, 3300 m. alt. Strauch 2-3 met., Nov. 1910 collect. Otto Buchtien 3091. Holotype: US; isotype: US.

Senecio submultinervis Cuatrec., Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 3(3): 262 (1953). Type: Per, Dep. Cuzco, prov. urubamba: Puyupatamarca, 3,600 m. alt. Shrub 3 met. alt. Collect. C. Vargas, 2880. Holotype: NY; photo F 40688.

Senecio sandemanii Cuatrec., Brittonia 8(3): 189 (1956). Type: Per : Huacapistana (above.) Shrub growing in a moist locality in semi-shade; large panicles of bright buttercup-yellow strongly fragrant flowers sometimes over 18 in. across. C. Sandeman 4561. Holotype: K.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Peru.

Note: Dillon & Hensold (1993) provided a different view with Senecio sandemanii as a distinct species in addition to S. submultinervis.

Dendrophorbium peregrinum (Griseb.) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 68 (1992).

Senecio peregrinus Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 205 (March-April 1879), Symb. Fl. Argent. : 205 (1879). Types: O.: Tarija, Cuesta de S. Luisina. (Paraguay: Bal[ansa] 931.) [Bolivia. Cuesta Sa. Luisina zwischen Sn. Diego u. Sn. Luis. Lorentz et Hieronymus 645, 12-VI-1873 Cabrera, 1985: 144]. Syntypes: GOET. Lectotype (cf. Cabrera, 1985: 144): Lorentz et Hieronymus 645, GOET; isolectotype: B.

Argentina, Bolivia (Tarija).

Dendrophorbium tabacifolium (Rusby) C. Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 47(1): 68 (1992).

*Senecio tabacifolius Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 396 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] A shrub, 4 to 6 ft. high, in wet shaded forest-mould; the flowers beautiful, white [probably referring to the pappus H.H.R.], the leaves beautiful velvety-green. ([Bang] No. 2385.) Sacramento, Yungas, August 4, 1894. Holotype: NY; isotypes: LD, US.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

Dendrophorbium zongoense (Cabrera) D. J. N. Hind, Kew Bull. 63(3): 515 (2008)[Jan 2009].

Senecio zongoensis Cabrera, Darwiniana 26(14): 128 (1985). Type: Bolivia. Depto. La Paz, Prov. Murillo: 32 km despus de La Cumbre, bajando por el calle de Zongo 2000-2200 m. Desv o al pueblo de Zongo, bosque hmedo en ladera al lado del r o. St .G. Beck 2180. 20-VIII-1979. Holotype: LPB.

Bolivia (La Paz).

Diazeuxis herzogi Herzog, Die Vegetation die Erde : 121 (1923), nom. nud. = Lycoseris retroflexa J. Koster

Diazeuxis herzogiana Beauverd, Bull. Soc. Geneve, ser. 2, 13: 11 (1921), nom. nud. = Lycoseris retroflexa J. Koster

Diglossus variabilis Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 13: 241 & 443 (1819) = Tagetes filifolia Lag.