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Cnicothamnus Griseb., Abhand. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 196 (1874); Pl. Lorentz.: 148 (1874).

Lefrovia Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 2: 377 (1888). Type: Lefrovia rhaponticoides Franch. = Cnicothamnus lorentzii Griseb.

Type: Cnicothamnus lorentzii Griseb.


Cabrera, A. L. (1935). Mutisieas Argentinas nuevas. Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 1(No. 3): 5569.

Cabrera, A. L. (1944). Compuestas Sudamericanas: nuevas o crticas. Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 46): 243259.

Cabrera, A. L. (1954). Polygyne y Lefrovia, dos generos de Compuestas que deben ser pasados a la sinonimia. Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 17(No. 85): 167YT-171.

Cabrera, A. L. (1978). Cnicothmnus. In: Cabrera, A. L. (ed.), Flora de la Provincia de Jujuy, Republica Argentina. Parte X Compositae. Coeccion Cientifica de INTA, Buenos Aires. pp. 576579.

Franchet, A. (1888). Lefrovia, genre nouveau de Mutisiaces. J. Bot. (Morot) 2(No. 21): 377378.

Freire, S. A. (1996). Cnicothamnus. In: S. E. Freire & G. Sancho, Flora fanerog mica Argentina (A. T. Hunziker, Dir./Ed. in Chief), Fasc. 28. 280. Asteraceae (L. Ariza Espinar, Co-ord.), parte 3. Tribu XII. Mutisieae. ProFlora CONICET, Crdoba, Argentina. pp. 78. [117]

*Cnicothamnus azafran (Cabrera) Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 46): 256 (1944).

Cnicothamnus lorentzii Griseb. var. azafran Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 1(3): 55 (1935). Type: --'[Argentina:] Salta: Ro Ma z Gordo, leg. A. Ragonese, no. 334, 23-VII-1934. Syntypes (no holotype indicated!): BA, LP.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Potos, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay.

Note: Cabrera (1935) provided only a citation of two syntypes (and one paratype), and later (Cabrera, 1944) repeated the citation of these syntypes, adding one other example of the taxon Cardenas 2117, from Bolivia. It is also interesting that Cabrera (1935, 1944) indicated material only agreeing with the Ragonese type material (seen at K in a black and white photograph) -- with long-acute/acuminate phyllaries. However, in illustrating the two species (Cabrera, 1978) an atypical capitulum and phyllaries of C. azafran were provided. There is only one herbarium sheet, Cabrera , that has two flowering branches mounted on it, the upper of which corresponds to C. azafran with long-acute phyllaries. The lowermost specimen has broader appendages.

Wood 16088, Santa Cruz, 22.3.2000

Wood 17767, Cochabamba, 11.3.2002

Azafrn; Araso, Araso yvyra (Cabrera, 1998).

*Cnicothamnus lorentzii Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 197 (1874); Pl. Lorentz.: 149 (1874). Type: [Argentina] Tucuman, in declvitate occidentale m. Cuesta de S. Javier. [Lorentz 182] Holotype: GOET.

Lefrovia rhaponticoides Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 2 (No. 21): 378 (1888). Type: America meridionalis, in provincia Tarija (Bolivia), ubi detexit Weddell, mens. Jul. et Aug. 1846 (Herb. Mus. paris.; Wedd[ell]. n. 4040, sub Diazeuxis). Holotype: P.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija).

Azafrn, Azafr n del Campo.

Cnicothamnus lorentzii Griseb. var. azafran Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 1(3): 55 (1935) = Cnicothamnus azafran (Cabrera) Cabrera

Coelestina cordata Pohl ex Baker in Mar.t, Fl. Bras. 6(2): 345 (1876), nom. nud. pro syn. = Hebeclinium macrophyllum (L.) DC.

Coelestina hastata Pohl ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(2): 363 (1876), nom. nud. pro syn. = Barrosoa betoniciformis (DC.) R. M. King & H. Rob.

Coleosanthus Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1817: 67 (1817) = Brickellia Elliott

Coleosanthus diffusus (Vahl) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 328 (1891) = Brickellia diffusa (Vahl) A. Gray

Coleosanthus tiliifolius [sub tiliaefolius] Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 24: 519 (1822) = Hebeclinium macrophyllum (L.) DC.

Collaea Spreng., Syst. Pl. 3: 622 (1826) = Chrysanthellum Rich. ex/in Pers.

Colobogyne Gagnep., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 4: 15 (1920) = Acmella Rich.

Complaya trilobata (L.) Strother, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 33: 14 (1991) = Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski