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Baccharis L., Sp. Pl. : 860 (1753).

Stephananthus Lehm., Sem. Hort. Bot. Hamburg : 14, 18 (1826). Type: Stephananthus junceus Lehm. = Baccharis juncea (Cass.) Desf.

Arrhenachne Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 53: 253 (1828). Type: Arrenachne juncea Cass. = Baccharis juncea (Cass.) Desf.

Baccharis L. subg. Stephananthus (Lehm.) Heering, Schriften Naturwis. Vereins Schleswig-Holstein 13: 39 (1904).

Baccharis L. sect. Cuneifoliae DC., Prodr. 5: 405 (1836). Type: not stated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 87): Baccharis cuneifolia (Lam.) DC.

Baccharis L. sect. Oblongifoliae DC., Prodr. 5: 416 (1836). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 87): Baccharis oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Achyrobaccharis Sch.Bip. ex Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 952 (1843) without indication of any species.

Psila Phil., Anales Mus. Nac. Chile, Secc. 2, Bot. 7: 36 (1891). Type: Psila caespitosa Phil. = Baccharis acaulis (Wedd. ex R. E. Fr.) Cabrera

Palenia Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 90: 7 (1895). Type: Palenia delfini Phil. = Baccharis nivalis (Wedd.) Sch.Bip. ex Phil.

Baccharis L. sect. Psila (Phil.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 52(3): 168 (1982).

Note: The following infrageneric synonymies follow those in Mller (2006) who treated the Bolivian taxa; doubtless they will be added to as further South American taxa are studied and the genus more fully understood.

Baccharis L. subgen. Baccharis

Sergilus Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 409 (1791). Type: Sergilus scoparius (L.) Gaertn. = Baccharis scoparia (L.) Sw.

Tursenia Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 37: 480 (1825). Type: not specified, but clearly based on Baccharis humifusa Kunt hand B. sinuata Kunth

Polypappus Less., Linnaea 4(3): 314 (1829). Type: Vernonia triplinervia Spreng. = Baccharis trineura Soria & Zardini

Baccharis L. sect. Discolores DC., Prodr. 5: 414 (1836). Type: not stated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 87): Baccharis phylicoides Kunth

Baccharis L. sect. Paniculatae Heering in Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 5 (1903). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis paniculata DC.

Baccharis L. sect. Pedicellatae Heering in Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 16 (1903). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis lycioides Remy

Baccharis L. sect. Cylindricae Heering in Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 16 (1903). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis tridentata DC.

Baccharis L. sect. Microphyllae Heering in Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 16 (1903). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis patagonica Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis L. sect. Involucratae Heering in Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 17 (1903). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis conferta Kunth

Baccharis L. sect. Macrophyllae Heering in Reiche, Fl. Chile 4: 17 (1903). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasa, 1967: 88): Baccharis elaeoides Remy

Baccharis L. sect. Glomeruliflorae Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 21: 32 (1904). Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis glomeruliflora Pers.

Baccharis L. sect. Pinnatae Cuatrec., Revis. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 65 (1967). Type: Baccharis buddlejoides Kunth

Baccharis L. sect. Nitidae Cuatrec., Revis. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 70 (1967). Type: Baccharis nitida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis L. sect. Serrulatae Cuatrec., Revis. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 76 (1967). Type: Baccharis caldasiana Cuatrec.

Baccharis L. sect. Revolutae Cuatrec., Revis. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 76 (1967). Type: Baccharis revoluta Kunth

Baccharis L. sect. Gladiatae Cuatrec., Revis. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 85 (1967). Type: Baccharis marcetiifolia Benth.

Baccharis sect. Racemosae Ariza, Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. 50: 183 (1973). Type: Baccharis dracuncilifolia DC.

Baccharis L. subgen. Molina (Pers.) Heering, Schriften Naturwiss. Vereins Schleswig-Holstein 13: 40 (1904).

Molina Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. Chil. Prodr.: 111, t. 24 (1794), nom. illegit., non Molina Schrank (1789) [GRAMINEAE], nec Molina Cav. (1790) [MALPIGHIACEAE], nec Molina Gay (1833) [EUPHORBIACEAE]. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 87): Molina latifolia Ruiz & Pav. = Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis L. [unranked] Molina Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 424 (1807).

Baccharis L. sect. Molina (Pers.) Cuatrec., Revis. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 15 (1967).

Pingraea Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 41: 57 (1826). Type: Pingraea angustifolia Cass. = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Heterothalamus Less., Linnaea 5: 145 (1830). Type: Marshallia aliena Spreng. (Melanthera aliena) = Baccharis aliena (Spreng.) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 305 (2006).

Baccharis L. sect. Sergilae DC., Prodr. 5: 424 (1836). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis scoparia (L.) Pers.

Baccharis L. sect. Caulopterae DC., Prodr. 5: 424 (1836). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 87): Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis L. sect. Trinervatae DC., Prodr. 5: 399 (1836). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis trinervis Pers.

Baccharis L. ser. Aphyllae Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): (37,) 45 (1882). Type: not cited.

Baccharis L. sect. Aphyllae (Baker) O. Hoffm. in Engler Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 171 (1890). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 136). Baccharis aphylla (Vell.) DC.

Baccharis L. sect. Corymbosae Heering, Anales Univ. Chile 111: 155 (1903). Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis marginalis DC. = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharidastrum Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 2(No. 16): 175 (1937). Type: Baccharidastrum triplivervium (Less.) Cabrera = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis sect. Baccharidastrum (Cabrera) G. L. Nesom, Phytologia 65(3): 170 (1988).

Pseudobaccharis Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 45): 246 (1944). Type: Heterothalamus spartioides Hook. & Arn. = Pseudobaccharis spartioides (Hook. & Arn. ex DC.) Cabrera = Baccharis spartioides (Hook. & Arn. ex DC.) Remy

Baccharis L. sect. Pseudobaccharis (Cabrera) Cuatrec., Phytologia 52(3): 168 (1982).

Baccharis L. sect. Scandentes Cuatrec., Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 42 (1967). Type: Baccharis decussata (Klatt) Hieron.

Baccharis L. sect. Subliguliflorae Giuliano, Darwiniana 39(12): 145 (2001). Type: Baccharis niederleinii Heering

Heterothalamulopsis Deble, A. S. Oliveira & Marchiori, Ci. Florest. (Santa Maria) 14(1): 1 (2004). Type: Heterothalamulopsis wagenitzii (F. H. Hellwig) Deble, A. S. de Oliveira & Marchiori = Baccharis wagenitzii (F. H. Hellwig) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 305 (2006).

Baccharis L. subgen. Pteronioides Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 21, Beih. 3: 15 (1904). Type: Baccharis pteronioides DC.

Baccharis L. ser. Angustifoliae Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): (37,) 55 (1882). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88): Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis L. sect. Angustifoliae (Baker) O. Hoffm. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 170 (1890). Type: not stated.

Baccharis L. sect. Tubulatae Cuatrec., Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 82 (1967). Type: Baccharis grandiflora Kunth

Baccharidiopsis G. M. Barroso, Sellowia 26: 95 (1975). Type: Baccharidiopsis pohlii (Baker) G. M. Barroso = Baccharis hirta DC. s.l. (according to Mller, 2006: 225).

Neomolina F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 211 (1993), nom. illegit. non Neomolinia Honda [GRAMINEAE]. Type: Neomolina racemosa (Ruiz. & Pav.) F. H. Hellwig = Baccharis racemosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis L. subgen. Tarchonanthoides Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 21, Beih. 3: 26 (1904). Type: not designated. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 88, of sect.): Baccharis artemisioides Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis L. sect. Tarchonanthoides (as Tarchonantoides) (Heering) Cuatrec., Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(49): 89 (1967).

Type: Baccharis halimifolia L.

References

Barroso, G. M. (1975-76). Compositae subtribo Baccharidinae Hoffman. Estudo das especies ocorrentes no Brasil. Rodriguesia 28(40): 3273.

Cabrera, A. L. (1955). La identidad del g nero Psila Philippi. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 5(4): 209211.

Cuatrecasas, J. (1953). Estudios sobre plantas Andinas, VIII. Mutisia 17: 112.

Cuatrecasas, J. (April 1967). Esudios sobre plantas Andinas, X. Caldasia 10(46): 326.

Cuatrecasas, J. (Dec. 1967). Revision de las especies colombianas del genera Baccharis. Revista Acad. colomb. Ci. Exact., Fis. Nat. 13(49): 5102.

Cuatrecasas, J. (Dec. 1968)[Aug. 1969]. notas adicionales, taxnonmicas y corologicas, sobe baccharis. Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact., Fis. Nat. 13(50): 201226.

Deble, L. P., A. S. de Oliveira & H. N. C. Marchiori. (2004). Heterothalamulopsis, gnero novo da subtribo Baccharinae Lessing (Astereae Asteraceae). Ci ncia Florrestal 14(1): 17.

Diesel, S. (1987). Contribui o ao estudo taxonmico do g nero Baccharis Linnaeus (Grupo Trimera) no Rio Grande do Sul Brasil. Pesquisas, Bot. 38: 91126.

Granda Paucar, A. & D. A. Giuliano (2004). Acerca de la identidad de Baccharis subsculpta (Asteraceae: Astereae). Sida 21(2): 705710.

Giuliano, D. A. (2000). Subtribu c. Baccharinae. In: Flora fanerogmica Argentina, Fasc. 66. 280. Asteraceae, Parte 15; Tribu III, Astereae, parte A. ProFlora CONICET, C rdoba. pp. [1] 73.

Giuliano, D. A. (2001). Clasificacin infragen rica de las especies Argentinas de Baccharis (Asteraceae, Astereae). Darwiniana 39(12): 131154.

Giuliano, D. A. (2005). New infragenera in Baccharis (Asteraceae, Astereae). Novon 15(4): 534541.

Heering, W. (post May 1915 or early 1916). Systematische und pflanzengeographische Studien ber die Baccharis-Arten des au ertropischen Sdamerikas. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31 (1913), 3 Beih.: 65173.

Hellwig, F. H. (1989). Proposal to conserve 8933 Baccharis L. (Asteraceae) with a conserved type. TAXON 38: 513515.

Hellwig, F. H. (1990). Die Gattung Baccharis L. (Compositae Asteraceae) in Chile. Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. M nchen 29: 1456.

Hellwig, F. H. (1993). The genera Pingraea Cassini and Neomolina Hellwig (Compositae-Astereae). Candollea 48: 203219.

Heras, R. P. M. (1976). Nomenclator Baccharidinarum Omnium. Mem. Soc. Ci. Nat. La Salle 37(107): 129223.

Malagarriga, R. de P. (1973). Synopsis Baccharidinarum (Compositae). Mello, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. pp. 1175.

Mller, J. (2006). Systematics of Baccharis (Compositae-Astereae) in Bolivia, including an overview of the genus. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 1341.

Robinson, H. (1997). New species of Archibaccharis and Baccharis from Bolivia and Peru (Asteraceae: Astereae). BioLlania, ed. espec. 6: 501508.

Teodoro Luis, Irm o (1952). Index Baccharidinarum. Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 2: 355. [Note: many authors incorrectly cite the authorities of new taxa, names, and combinations, in this work (as well as others) as Malagarriga. Teodoro was the name used whilst he was in the religious order, Malagarriga is one version of his family name used in some later papers, q.v., see also Heras!]

Teodoro Luis, Irmo (1954). Exsiccatae Baccharidinarum. I. Plantae Wilson-Hoehneana. Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 3: 39.

A full key to species can be found in M ller (2006).

Baccharis abietina Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 131 (1898) = Baccharis grisebachii Hieron.

Baccharis absinthioides Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy. : 57 (1832) = Pluchea absinthioides (Hook. & Arn.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec. [INULEAE].

Baccharis acaulis (Wedd. ex R. E. Fr.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 16(3): 255 91975).

Heterothalamus acaulis Wedd. ex Sch.Bip., Linnaea 34(5) 533 (1865); Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 209).

Psila caespitosa Phil., Anales Mus. Nac. Chile, Bot. 7: 36, tab. 1, fig. 4 (1891). Types: Plantae feminea de Machuca 3200 m. s. m., hermaphrodita de Guanaqueros allatae sunt. Syntypes: Pizarro (1960: 154) cited 43827 & 64394 in SGO.

Heterothalamus acaulis Wedd. ex R. E. Fr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 4, 1: 79 (1905). Types: teils auf das in der botanischen Abteilung des Reichsmuseums zu Stockholm befindlich, mit ♀-Kpfchen verschene Mandonsche Exemplar (N:o 209. Bolivia, Prov. Larecaja, Viciniis Sorata prope Apacheta de Logena in graminosis. Reg. alpina 4000 m. Aug. 1859). [Argentina:] Innerhalb des Gebietes sehr gemein. Moreno in locis salsis subhumidis, 3500 m. s. m. (23 Oct. 1901; Fr[ies] 701).Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 287): ♂ Fries 701 S; isolectotype: US. M ller (2006: 289) incorrectly cited Mandon 109 as the syntype, noting duplicates in G, NY, P, S as C; Mandon 209 was mentioned. Mandon 209 is in K.

*Pseudobaccharis acaulis (Wedd. ex R. E. Fr.) Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 45): 248 (1944).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Oruro, Potos, Tarija), Chile.

Baccharis affinis DC., Prodr. 5: 413 (1836) = Baccharis tridentata Vahl

Baccharis alamanii (as alamani) DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

*Baccharis alpina Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 48 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit cum pr cedente. L [Baccharis humifusa Kunth, q.v.] Crescit in radicibus montis Pichinch et Antisan , alt. 1500 hex. (Regno Quitensi.) L Floret Januario. [# 2281] Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotypes: B-W-15567, F (frag.), P.

*Baccharis alpina Kunth var. b serpyllifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 168 (1856). Type: Baccharis serpyllifolia Dcne., mscr., in Herb. Mus. par. NB. At the end of the description of B. alpina Weddell (1855: 169) provided a long list of collections amongst which it must be assumed are types of the infraspecific taxa he earlier described Hab. quateur: Andes de Quito, la hauteur de 3000 mtres (Humb. et Bonpl.), et jusquau niveau des neiges perp tuelles (Jameson, exsicc., ann. 1856, n. 274 et 285). Prou: Cordill res du dpartement de Cuzco et de Tacna, etc., h. 4000-4500 m tr., et sur les rochers des montagnes qui avoisinent le lac de Titicaca! (Gay, Wedd.). Bolivie: Cordillres de la Paz! et de Potosi! la hauteur de 4000 5000 m tres (dOrbigny, n. 1401; Wedd.). Syntypes: P. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 202): Bolivia. Potos : Prov. Fras, Potos , ♂, dOrbigny 1401 P-218371; islectotypes: BR, G, P-218372, W.

Baccharis alpina Kunth var. g surculosa Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 168 (1856). Type: apparently not cited according to Mller (2006: 201), but see above. Neotype (selected, as lectotype, by Cuatrecasas, 1969: 219): Bolivia. La Paz: Prov. Larecaja, viciniis Sorata, inter Choro et Pampa de Chiliata, 3300-3600 m, Feb 1859, ♀ and ♂, Mandon 194 P-218069; isoneotypes: BR, G 2, GH 2, GOET, MICH, P-218070, P-218071, W 2.

Baccharis alpina Kunth var. imbricatifolia Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 533 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 194 bis).

Baccharis alpina Kunth f. macrocephala Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28(5): 590 (1901). Type: Ecuador: in solo sterili ad radicem montis vulcanici Guagua-Pichincha, alt. s. m. 4500 m, mense Januario florens (L.[ehmann] n. 426; 4. Jan. 1881). Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1969: 221): US; isotype: G.

*Baccharis alpina Kunth var. nummuloides Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 21, Beih. 3: 35 (1904). Type: Bolivien: Ingenieur Franz Germann n. 9, Cordillera real de los Andes. Huayna potosi. 6175 m, Franz Josef-Gletscher, 4900-5200 m [♂]. Holotype: HBG. Listed by Foster (1958) as var. nummularioides Heering.

Baccharis alpina Kunth var. macrocehpala (Hieron.) Cuatrec., Anales Ci. Univ. Madrid 4(2): 210 (1935).

Baccharis caespitosa var. nummuloides (Heering) Cuatrec., Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 219 (1969).

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potos, Tarija), Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru.

Pampa thola (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis alpina Kunth var. imbricatifolia Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 533 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 194 bis) = Baccharis alpina Kunth

Baccharis alpina Kunth f. macrocephala Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28(5): 590 (1901) = Baccharis alpina Kunth

Baccharis alpina Kunth var. macrocephala (Hieron.) Cuatrec., Anales Ci. Univ. Madrid 4(2): 210 (1935) = Baccharis alpina Kunth

*Baccharis alpina Kunth var. nummuloides Heering, Jahrb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 21, beih. 3: 35 (1904) [Given by Foster (1958: 203) as var. nummularioides Heering] = Baccharis alpina Kunth

*Baccharis alpina Kunth var. b serpyllifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 168 (1856) = Baccharis alpina Kunth

Baccharis alpina Kunth var. g surculosa Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 168 (1856) = Baccharis alpina Kunth

Baccharis amygdalina Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 175 (1874) = Baccharis punctulata DC.

Baccharis angulata Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 180 (1879) = Bacharis darwinii Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis angulata var. gracilis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 73 (1916) = Bacharis darwinii Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis aphylla (Vell.) DC., Prodr. 5: 424 (1836).

Chrysocoma aphylla Vell., Fl. Flum.: 324 (1825)[7 Sept. - 28 Nov. 1829]; Fl. Flum. Icones 8: tab. 1 (1831). Type: Habitat campis mediterraneis. Floret Oct. Nov. Note: Location of original material unknown. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 245): original of Fl. Flum. Icones 8: tab. 1 (1831).

Chrysocoma nuda Vell., Fl. Flum.: 335 (1825)[7 Sept. - 28 Nov. 1829]; Fl. Flum. Icones 8: tab. 50 (1831). Type: Habitat campis apricis mediterraneis. Floret Oct. Nov. Note: Location of original material unknown. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 245): original of Fl. Flum. Icones 8: tab. 50 (1831).

*Baccharis aphylla (Vell.) DC. var. boliviensis Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 533 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 207).

Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil.

*Baccharis aphylla (Vell.) DC. var. boliviensis Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 533 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. = Baccharis aphylla (Vell.) DC.

Baccharis aretioides Sch.Bip., Bonplandia 4(4): 51 (1856) = Mniodes aretioides (Sch.Bip.) Cuatrec.

*Baccharis articulata (Lam.) Pers., Syn. P. 2: 425 (1807).

Conyza articulata Lam., Encycl. 2: 94 (1786). Type: Cette arbuste crot au Monte Video, dans le Paraguay, o M. Commerson la observ. h. (v.s.). Holotype: P-LA ♂ (314/1); isotypes: B, HBG (frag.), P 3, P-JU.

Molina articulata (Lam.) Less., Linnaea 6: 140 (1831).

Pingraea articulata (Lam.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 217 (1993).

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Paraguay.

Cap guas, Carqueija, Carqueja, Carqueja amarga, Carqueja blanca, Carqueja cenicienta, Carqueja crespa, Carqueja gris, Carquejilla, cola de yacar , Planta de yaguarete, Yaguaret-ca (Freire et al., 2006); Carqueja, Carqueja chica, Carqueja macho, Thulilla (Mller, 2006).

Baccharis beckii Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 232 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Potos: Prov. Sud Chichas, Cerro Cienguillas NE Tupiza, 3600-3700 m, 2124S, 6541W, 17 Feb 2002, C and F, M ller 9061. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, E, G, GH, GOET, HBG, LPB, MICH, MO, NY, P, UPS.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tarija).

Baccharis berberifolia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 57 (1818) = Baccharis oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. sensu Mller (2006)

Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 16(3): 256 (May 1975).

Heterothalamus boliviensis Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 179 (1856). Types: Hab. Bolivie: punas du d partement de Oruro!, et environs de La Paz! (dOrbigny, n. 1389 et 1545; Pentland). Syntypes: P. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 218): and , dOrbigny 1389 P, C and F; isolectotypes: BR, F, G, O.

Heterothalamus boliviensis Wedd. var. latifolius R. E. Fr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 4, 1(1): 78 (1905). Types: [Argentina:] Prov. Jujuy: Moreno in monte saxoso, 3500 m. s. m. (16 Nov. 1901); Fr[ies] 784. 26 Nov. 1901; Fr[ies] 784 a).ᖒ Syntypes: S. Isosyntype: Fries 784a, UPS 2.

*Pseudobaccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera), Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 45): 249 (1944).

Pseudobaccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera var. latifolia (R. E. Fr.) Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 9(No. 45): 250 (1944).

Psila boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 5(4): 210 (1955).

Psila boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera var. latifolia (R. E. Fr.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 5(4): 210 (1955).

Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera var. latifolia (R. E. Fr.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 16(3): 256 (May 1975).

Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 31(4): 322 (1st Aug. 1975), nom. superfl.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Tarija), Chile, Peru.

Jamachi thola, Thola negra, Romero thola (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 31(4): 322 (1st Aug. 1975), nom. superfl. = Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera

Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera var. latifolia (R. E. Fr.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 16(3): 256 (May 1975)

Baccharis brachylaenoides DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836) = Baccharis oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. sensu Mller (2006)

Baccharis brasiliana L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2: 1205 (1763) = Vernonia brasiliana (L.) Druce [VERNONIEAE]

Baccharis brevifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 409 (1836) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis buchtienii H. Rob. Phytologia, 65(1): 38 (1988). Type: BOLIVIA: La Paz: Unduavi. Nordyungas. 3250 m. Oct. 1931. Male plant. Buchtien 9082. Holotype: US.

According to M ller (2006: 48) the NY isotype represents B. pendtlandii DC. ssp. pentlandii.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), southern Peru.

Chicla de yunga (Mller, 2006).

*Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Molina caespitosa Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 203 (1798). Type: Habitat in Peruviae alpibus, Punas de Bombom dictis in Tarmae Provincia. Floret ab Aprili ad Julium. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 83): MA with annotation Molina caespitosa, Bombon; isolectotypes: B 2, G 4, MA, P.

ssp. caespitosa

Baccharis odorata Kunth [var.] d spathulata Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 169 (1856). Type/s?: Weddell (1856: 170) cited several specimens after his description of three infraspecific taxa but did not relate the material specifically to each, with the exception of mentioning Schultz Bip., in sched. pl. exsicc. Lechleri. Hab. Nouvelle-Grenade: prs de Pasto!, h. 2700 m tres (Humb. et Bonpl.). quateur: p turages froids des Andes de Quito!, h. 3950 mtres (Jameson, exsicc., ann. 1856, n. 137). P rou: Cordillres de Carabaya et de Cuzco!, sur les limites sup rieures de la vgetation arborescente (Lechler, Gay, Wedd.). Bolivie: Cordill res de Sorata!, de La Paz! de Potosi!, etc. (dOrbigny, Wedd.). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 83): Peru. Puno: Prov. Carabaya, Cordill re E Carabaya, Jun-Jul 1848, ♂, Weddell 4736 P-216294; isolectotype: P-218293.

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Perkins f. prostrata Cuatrec., Caldasia 10(46): 8 (1967). Type: Bolivia, prov. Larecaja, vicin. Sorata prope Ancohuma, 3900 m. alt. IV-1860, Mandon 192 (part.). Holotype: P; isotype: P. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 83!): P-218285; isolectotypes: NY, P-218080 (mixed with B. alpina and B. tola var. incarum, P-218286, P-218287, W.

Baccharis tricuneata (L.f.) Pers. var. minifolia Cuatrec., Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 217 (1969). Type: Mandon 193: Bolivia: Omasuyos, vic. Guarina in graminosis siccis 4000 m alt, III-1859. Holotype: P-218044; isotypes: BR, GH 2, NY 2, P, P-218042, P-218043, W.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos , Tarija), Peru.

Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. var. nummuloides (Herring) Cuatrec., Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 219 (1969) = Baccharis alpina Kunth

Baccharis calliprinos Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 176 (1874) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis camporum DC., Prodr. 5: 399 (1836) = Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl

Baccharis camporum DC. var. glaucescens Chod. & Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boiss., sr. 2, 3(8): 716 (1903) = Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl

Baccharis camporum DC. f. glaucescens (Chod. & Hassl.) Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 133 (1916) = Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl

Baccharis cana Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 151 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Chuquisaca: Prov. Tomina, El Roal, Padilla-Monteagudo, 2200 m, 24 Aug 1997, C, Wood 12601. Holotype: LPB.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca).

*Baccharis capitalensis Heering, Jahrb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 21, beih. 3: 102 (1916). Types: Argentinien. Tucuman: Dep. Capital, Saladillo, 600 m . d. M. in matorrales (Lillo n. 7173 10. Nov. 1907). Bolivien. Padcayqa, steiniger Hang, 2000 m . d. M. (K. Fiebrig n. 2872); Chiquiac (K. Fiebrig n. 3493). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 145): Lillo 7173 HBG; isolectotypes: G, GH.

Argentina, Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija).

*Baccharis caprariifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 416 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande (h. Mus. imp. Bras. n. 966 et 968). ... (v. s.). Syntypes: P. Note: There appears to be only a duplicate of 968 in G-DC; another specimen in G-DC is that of Theremin s.n. 1819 which is not mentioned in the Prodromus. [Note: This is a Brazilian species cited by Foster (1958: ); no material from Bolivia has been seen according to Mller (2006)]

Baccharis cassinefolia DC., Prodr. 5: 412 (1836). Types: L in Brasil corcia Rio-Janeiro (Lund!), Bahia (Blanch.) ... (v. s.). Syntypes: G-DC (but see following notes). Note: The Lund collection in G-DC is 128; there are three Blanchet collections (76, 1591, 1601) in G-DC, together with a specimen from Gaudichaud (not cited in the Prodromus) and one ex Herb. Fl. Brasil. (231) sent by Martius. [Noted by Mller (2006: 306) as cited by several authors for Bolivia but this taxon is apparently restricted to Brazil and Uruguay. Probably mistaken for B. nitida, B. papillosa ssp. australis and B. papillosa ssp. longipetiolata. M ller also noted that it is a synonym of B. singularis (Vell.) G. M. Barroso. Various spelling corrections have been applied to the species epithet which are variously in error. De Candolles spelling was intentional as the leaves of this species resemble Cassine L. in the Celastraceae, not Cassinia R.Br. in the Compositae].

*Baccharis cassinoides DC., Prodr. 5: 412 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Sancti-Pauli. ... (v. s. F in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub. n. 477 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC (fragment of holotype). [Noted by M ller (2006: 306) that it has been cited by several authors for Bolivia but this taxon is apparently restricted to Brazil and Uruguay. Probably mistaken for B. nitida, B. papillosa ssp. australis and B. papillosa ssp. longipetiolata].

Baccharis chilco Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 56 (1818) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. chilco (Kunth) Joch. Mller

Baccharis chilquilla DC., Prodr. 5: 419 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis cinnamomifolia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 65 (1818) = Baccharis pedunculata (Mill.) Cabrera

Baccharis coerulescens DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

*Baccharis condensata Rusby, Descr. New Sp. S. Amer. Pl. : 148 (1920) = Baccharis platypoda DC.

*Baccharis conwayi Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 130 (1912) = Baccharis densiflora Wedd. ssp. densiflora

Baccharis cordobensis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 132 (1916) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

*Baccharis coridifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 422 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande et fort Sancti-Pauli. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 810, 826, 837, 855 et fort 510 miss.). Syntypes: P; isosyntype (826): G-DC. Lectotype (Mller, 2006: 273): Sello M.I.B. 826 [= d1893] - P; isolectotype: G-DC.

ssp. bicolor Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 276 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Cochabamba: Prov. Ayopaya, Idependencia-Kami, 3670 m, 29 nov 1981, (♀ and ♂), Beck 7467. Holotype: JE; isotypes: G, LPB, US, USZ.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

ssp. coridifolia

Eupatorium montevidense Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 417 (1826), non Baccharis montevidense Spreng. (1826) (= Vernonia nitidula Less.). Type: [Uruguay:] Monte Video. Sello. Holotype: P.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Uruguay.

Ajenjo del campo, Mo, M o-mo, Neo-neo, Neomo, N a, No, Niyop, o- o, Romerillo (Freire et al., 2006); Romerillo (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis cotinifolia (Willd.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 3: 406 (1903) = Baccharis pedunculata (Mill.) Cabrera

Baccharis crenulata Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 465 (1826) = Raulinoreitzia crenulata (Spreng.) R. M. King & H. Rob.

Bacchari crispa Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 466 (1826) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. Mller

*Baccharis cylindrica (Less.) DC., Prodr. 426 (1836) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. M ller [according to Mller (2006: 198)]

*Baccharis darwinii Hook. & Arn., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3(No. 17): 39 (1840). Type: Port Desire, lat. 47. C. Darwin, Esq. (n. 397). Holotype: K; isotype: CGE.

Baccharis angulata Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 24(1): 180 (1879); Pl. Lorentz.: 180 (1879). Type: [Argentina] C.: S. Chica. Holotype: Hieronymus 600, GOET.

*Baccharis heterothalmoides Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19(1): 4 (1892). Type: [Bolivia:] Yungas, 4,000 ft. ([Rusby] 1709). Holotype: NY.

Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn. [var.] b subintegrifolia Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 135 (1898). Type: Argentina: Cordoba, Ischilin, Paso Cruz 1500 m (No. 91). [Argentina. Crdoba, Dec 1891, Kuntze s.n. (2 sheets); Ischilin, Nov 1892, Kuntze s.n.; Paso Cruz, cordillera, 34, 1500 m, Jan 1892, Kuntze 91. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 327]. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 256): Argentina. Mendoza: Paso Cruz, 1500 m, Jan 1892, ♀,Kuntze s.n. - NY-162401.

Baccharis angulata Griseb. var. gracilis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 73 (1916). Type: [Argentina:] Santiago: La Banda (Lillo n. 6070, 4. April 1907, C in Blte). Holotype: HBG.

Baccharis grossidentata Heering (sub. grossedentata), Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 73 (1916). Type: [Argentina:] Tucuman: Dep. Francas, Vipos, 800 m . d. M., an Wegrndern (Lillo n. 3941 22. Januar 1905, ♂ in Bl te). Holotype: HBG.

Neomolina darwinii (Hook. & Arn.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 212 (1993).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos).

*Baccharis debilis Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 60 (1896) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. debilis (Rusby) Joch. M ller

Bacharis decussata (Klatt) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28(5): 589 (1901).

Pluchea decussata Klatt, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 39 (1887). Type: Columbia; Cundinamarca, ad margines silvarum pr. Anolamia et Fusagasuga, alt. 18002300 m ([Lehmann] n. 2496). Febr. 1883. Holotype: GH.

ssp. jelskii (Hieron.) Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot .Monogr. 76: 182 (2006).

Baccharis jelskii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(1): 24 (1900*). Types: [Ecuador] In silvis montis Corazon, alt. s. m. 2400 m (S.[odiro] n. 16/20), specimen masculum); in Peruvia crescit prope Tambillo (Jelski n. 772, 5. Aug. 1878, specimem masculum; n. 770, 5. Aug. 1878, specimen femineum). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 182): Jelski 770, B; isolectotypes: BR, MO, US. [*Note: See Reference section concerning problem with date of publication]

Baccharis jelskii Hieron. var. cladotricha Cuatrec., Mutisia 17: 11 (1953). Type: Colombia, Dep. Valle: filo de la Cordillera Occidental, en Las Brisas: monte El Tabor, 1970-2100 m. Gran bejuco enredadero sobre los rboles. Hoja verdosa-amarillenta. Inv lucro amarillo. Flor blanca. Colect. 19-X-1946, J. Cuatrecasas 22269. Holotype: F. Cf. Mller (2006: 182) who cited Holotype: US; isotype: P.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

*Baccharis densiflora Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 175 (1856). Type: Hab. Bolivie: montagnes des environs de Potosi! (Wedd.). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 148): Bolivia. Potos: Prov. Fr as, prs Potos , Weddell 4090 P-218142, ♂; isotype: P-218143 (♀ and F).

ssp. densiflora

*Baccharis conwayi Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 130 (1912). Type: [Bolivia:] Description taken from Rusbys No. 1727 from Unduavi, 8000 ft., Oct. 1885, which is the type. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 148): NY-162221 (♀); isotypes: NY-162222, NY-162223, US.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz).

Baccharis denticulata D. Don ex DC., Prodr. 7: 282 (1838) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis divergens DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker

Baccharis douglasii DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

*Baccharis dracunculifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande, ad Sanctam-Catharinam et Rio-Janeiro. ... (v.s. ♂ et ♀ comm. cl. Lund et in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 817 et 819 miss.). Note: Lund 127 and ⨅Mus. imp. Bras. 817 are in G-DC. There are also several other collections in G-DC not mentioned in the Prodromus, including two by Bacle s.n. from Santa Catarina. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 58): Lund 127, ♂, G-DC.

Baccharis leptospermoides DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Sancti-Pauli. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 482 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC (a shoot portion).

*Baccharis pulverulenta Klatt, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 327 (1881). Type: Hab.: Peru, Valle grande, leg. A. dOrbigny No. 1143. Holotype: P; isotypes: BR, G, GH. [Note: this description appears on p. 7 of the pre/re print in K.]

*Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. integerrima Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898). Types: Bolivia: 20004000 m Challapass, Santa Cruz, Tunarigebirge. Paraguay: Concepcion. NB. All of these types cited, without distinction after the following forma.

*Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. integerrima Kuntze f. subviscosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898). Types (see note above): Bolivia: 20004000 m Challapass, Santa Cruz, Tunarigebirge. Paraguay: Concepcion. [Bolivia. Pass zur oruro & Rio Tapacari, 3800 m, 18 Mar 1892, Kuntze s.n.; Cochabamba, 3000 m, 26 Mar 1892, Kuntze s.n.; Santa Cruz, May 1892, Kuntze s.n.; Tunarigebirge, 4 May 1892, Kuntze s.n. Paraguay. Concepcin, Sep 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 326]. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 58): Bolivia. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz, May 1892, ♀, Kuntze s.n. - NY-162233.

Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. f. spectabilis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 143 (1916). Type: [Argentina:] Tucuman: Dep. Tafi, Jacochulla, 1800 m . d. M., matorrales der Gipfel (Lillo n. 3772). Holotype: HBG; isotype: P.

Widespread: Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos , Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brasil, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Cap guas, Chilca, Chilca-y, Chilca mata ojo, Suncho (Freire et al., 2006); Jatun thola, Orkho thola, Romerillo, Thola, Yuraq thola (M ller, 2006).

*Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. integerrima Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898) = Baccharis dracunculifolia DC.

*Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. integerrima Kuntze f. subviscosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898) = Baccharis dracunculifolia DC.

Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. f. spectabilis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 13 (1916) = Baccharis dracunculifolia DC.

Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. subdentata Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898) = Baccharis microdonta DC.

Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. subdentata Kuntze f. subviscosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898) = Baccharis microdonta DC.

*Baccharis effusa Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 177 (1874); Pl. Lorentz. : 129 (1874). Type: Tucuman, frequens in ripis pr. Juntas. Holotype: GOET (2 sheets).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Potos, Tarija).

Baccharis eggersii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28(5): 588 (1901) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker

Baccharis erioptera Benth., Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 441 (1839) = Pterocaulon alopecuroides (Lam.) DC.

*Baccharis fallax Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898) = Baccharis pentlandii DC. ssp. pentlandii

Baccharis farinosa Pers. ex Spreng. in Ersch & Gruber, Allg. Encycl. 7: 27 (1821), nom. superf. = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis fevillei DC., Prodr. 5: 403 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis flexuosa Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 83 (1882) = Baccharis quitensis Kunth

*Baccharis floribunda Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): (1818) = Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

*Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Conyza genistelloides Lam., Encycl. 2: 93 (1786). Type: Cette plant cro t au Prou; elle est commune dans la Province de Tacunga, o M. Joseph de Jussieu la observe. On sen sert pour teindre en verd. h. (v.s.). ?Holotype: P-LA (312/18); isotypes: P, P-JU.

Mller (2006: 194201) had a broad view of this taxon which includes quite distinct taxa, at least in Brazil. The following synonymy is for guidance only.

ssp. genistelloides

Molina venosa Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 212 (1798). Types: Habitat in Chinchao, Panao, Mu a, Huanuci et Tarmae argillosis collibus. Floret Augusto, et Septembri. Lectotype (selected by Cabrera, 1960: 204): Molina venosa. Dioica sp. nova. Baccharis?, MA [marked as B2 in the microfiche sheet 284 of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium]; isolectotypes: B-2710, B-2711, MA [B1], P-218103.

Baccharis venosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. var. venosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Cuatrec., Anales Ci. Univ. Madrid 4(2): 211 (1935).

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro), Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

Quizma kuchu (M ller, 2006).

Mller (2006: 198) also noted the following hybrid:

Baccharis alpina genistelloides ssp. genistelloides

Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru.

ssp. cripsa (Spreng.) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 198 (2006).

Baccharis crispa Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 466 (1826). Type: [Uruguay:] Monte Video. Sello [d397 = Mus. imp. Bras. 736]. Holotype: P (218268); isotypes: BR-818440; G-DC 2, P-218269, W. Type details based on Mller (2006: 198).

Molina crispa (Spreng.) Less., Linnaea 6: 141 (1831).

Pingraea crispa (Spreng.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 217 (1993).

Cacalia sessilis Vell., Fl. Flum.: 341 (1825)[7 Sept. - 28 Nov. 1829]; Fl. Flum. Icones 8: tab. 73 (1831). Type: Nomine, qualitate, locis, et mensibus gaudet, ac habitat, quibus decurrens. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 198): tab. 73.

Molina trimera Less., Linnaea 6: 141 (1831). Types: In Brasilia ad fretum St. Catharinae (Cham.); pr. Rio Janeiro (Beyrich). Syntype: ?KW.

Molina cylindrica Less., Linnaea 6: 144 (1831). Types: not specified (v. sp. s. ∞). Given by Mller (2006: 198) as Uruguay. Without locality 1821/1822, ♀, Sellow d649 Holotype: KW?; isotypes: G-DC, P, W.⨙ Note: Since Lessing clearly did not cite either a collector nor a single collection Mllers typification should perhaps be regarded as a lectotypification.

Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC., Prodr. 5: 425 (1836).

*Baccharis cylindrica (Less.) DC., Prodr. 5: 426 (1836).

*Baccharis myriocephala DC., Prodr. 5: 426 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Minas Gerais legit cl. Vauthier (pl. exs. n. 265!) et in Band orientali (Bacle!) ... (v.s.). Lectotype (selected by Joch. Mller, 2006: 198): Vauthier 265, G-DC; isolectotypes: G, P 2, W. There is also a collection Steven s.n. in G-DC.

Baccharis genistelloides (Less.) Pers. var. a trimera (Less.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 40 (1882).

Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. var. d cylindrica (Less.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 41 (1882).

Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. var. e crispa (Spreng.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 41 (1882).

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay.

Carqueja (Freire et al., 2006); Carqueja, Carqueja grande, Charara, Quizma kuchu (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. var. crispa (Spreng.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 41 (1882) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. var. cylindrica (less.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 41 (1882) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. M ller

Baccharis genistelloides (Less.) Pers. var. trimera (Less.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 40 (1882) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. var. venosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Cuatrec., Anales Ci. Univ. Madrid 4(2): 211 (1935) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. genistelloides

*Baccharis gilliesii A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 123 (1861). [Cited for Bolivia by several authors, but probably refers to Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. fimbriata Joch. M ller according to Mller (2006: 306)]

Baccharis glaucescens (Chod. & Hassl.) Soria & Zardini, Candollea 46: 539 (1991) = Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl

Baccharis glomerata Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. monogr. 76: 127 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. La Paz: Prov. Murillo, near the Cerro Cuamani SSE Apa a, ca. 4220 m, 1634'S, 6801'W, 27 Jul 1999, ♀, Mller 7197. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, LPB, NY.

Bolivia (La Paz).

*Baccharis glutinosa Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807). Type: Hab. in R. Chilensis ruderatis. Note: M ller (2006: 248) provided the neotypification cited after the following synonym, suggesting that they were based on the same material.

Molina viscosa Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 207 (1798). Types: Habitat in Regni Chilensis ruderatis et aridis locis ad Conceptionis et Puchacay Provincias. Floret Januario, et Februario. Neotype (selected by Helwig, 1993): Chili 1782, Concepcion, Mart. [Ruiz & Pavn] , F, G; isoneotype: MA.

Baccharis farinosa Pers. ex Spreng. in Ersch & Gruber, Allg. Encycl. 7: 27 (1821), nom. superf.

Baccharis viscosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891), non B. viscosa Lam. (1783) (= Psiadia integerrima cf. Index Kewensis), nec B. viscosa Walter (1788) (= Pluchea bifrons cf. Index Kewensis).

Pingraea viscosa (Ruiz & Pav.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 218 (1993).

Pingraea angustifolia Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2, 41: 58 (1826). Type/s: Nous avons fait cette description sp cifique et celle des caractres g nriques, sur un chantillon sec, que M. Desfontaines a eu la bont do nous donner, en nous disant quil avoit t recueilli dans lIsle-de-France, et que la m me plante est vivant au Jardin du Roi, o on la cultive. Neotype (selected by Hellwig, 1993: 216): P.

Baccharis douglasii DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836). Type: KL in Californi legit cl. Douglas. [41] ... (v.s. ♂ comm. soc. hort. Lond.). Holotype: G-DC; isotype: W.

Baccharis medullosa DC., Prodr. 5: 405 (1836). Type: 樅L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. Pl. foem. ign. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub. n. 850 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC (fragments three leaves and a portion of an inflorescence.

Baccharis pingraea DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836). Types: ґL in Chili (R. et Pav.?), (Cham.!), frequens ad ripas arenosas fluviorum prope Concon (Poepp.!), San-Yago (Bert.!), Coquimbo (Gaud.!) et Valpareiso (Macr.!), et in Californi (Cham. ex Less.), in prov. Rio-Grande (h. imp. Bras.!) et ad Buenos-Ayres (Bacle!). Molina linearis var. R. et Pav. syst. p. 205? Hook. et Arn. in Beech. bot. 1. p. 57. Molina linearis Less. in linnae 1831. p. 139 et 505. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 248): CHILE. Valparaiso: ad Conc n, C and F, Poeppig 103 (53), G-DC; isolectotype: M, poss. isolectotype: G-DC. Note: The original collection of the Ruiz & Pavn in MA, B6 on microfiche sheet 283, was determined as B. pingrae by Cabrera in 1970.

Baccharis pingraea DC. [var.] b angustissima DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836). Type: (v.s. F ex Gaud. ♀ ex N e et Macrae.). Syntypes: G-DC. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 248): CHILE. Valparaiso: Valparaiso, 1825, ♀, Macrae s.n., G-DC.

Baccharis huydobriana Remy in Gay, Fl. Chil 4: 90 (1849). Type: Se cria en las provincias centrales. M ller (2006: 248) cited Gay 265 in BR as a syntype.

Baccharis serrulata (Lam.) Pers. [var.] d subscandens Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 134 (1898). Type: Argentina: Tucuman (582 L.&H.). Cordoba, in ♀ Exemplaren. [Argentina. Cerramis de Tucumn, 622 Dec 1872, P.G. Lorentz & G. Hieronymus 582; C rdoba, Dec 1891, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 327]. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 248): Argentina. C rdoba: Crdoba, Dec 1891, Kuntze s.n. - NY.

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. nana Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 106 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] Tucuman: Ohne n here Angabe (Stuckert n. 8608 25. Febr. 1900). Santa F: Ca ada de Gomez (Galander n. 2 19. Dez. 1877. Bltenk pfchen noch nicht entwichelt, n. 21 22. Dez. 1877, C im Aufblhen; n. 30 29. Dez. 1877, ♀ in Bl te und fast reif). Crdoba: Estancia S. Teodoro, Rio I (Stuckert n. 13999 20 M rz 1904, n. 15467, 15467 a 6. Jan. 1906); Altos de Crdoba (Bodenbender M rz 1896, ♀ blhend); Sierra Chica, Colanchanga (Hieronymus Febr. 1882, ♂, C in Bl te und Frucht); Las Peas (Lorentz n. 681), ebenda auf steinigen H geln (Lorentz n. 180 Febr. 1871); ohne nhere Angabe (Stuckert n. 1307, 6. Jan. 1897 1510, 17. Jan. 1897 ퟅ 1664, 7. Febr. 1897 4506, 10. April 1898 6244, 22. Jan. 1899 6247, 22. Jan. 1899 8851, 14. Mrz 9789, 10. April 1900 䗗 O. Kuntze, Dez. 1891, ♀ in Blte). Buenos Aires: Coronel Suarez (Stuckert n. 17378 3. M rz 1907). Entrerios: Kolonie S. Jos an Wegen (Lorentz, Fl. Enrer. n. 651 1. Febr. 1876, ♀ in Bl te). Paraguay. B. nana Chodat & Haler!, Pl. Hassl. III p. 715. San Juan, auf Sandboden (Ha ler n. 76).

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. pseudulicina Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 106 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] Crdoba: In den Pampas bei der Laguna de Pocho (Hieronymus [705] 21.23. M rz 1877). Buenos Aires: Olavaria, Estancia Rocha (C. Osten n. 40 13. Febr. 1886). Rio Negro: Bei Fortin Iniciativa, verbreitet (Niederlein, Exped. nach dem Rio Negro 23. April 1879, F, C in Blte). Pampa, ohne n here Angabe (Niederlein, F in Blte). Syntype: Hieronymus 705 21-23 03 1877, GOET.

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. borealis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 107 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] Entrerios: In dem Arroyo Yucari chico (Lorentz n. 1046); Concepcion del Uruguay, gemein zwischen Geb sch, berall h ufig im Kamp zwischen Gebsch an Wegr ndern (Lorentz, Fl. Ur. n. 17, 18). Corrientes: Itusaingo (Niederlein, Deutsche Arg. Mis. Exp. Rio Alto Paran); ohne n here Angabe (ohne Sammler). Gran Chaco: Coloni Resistencia (Niederlein, Deutsche Arg. Mis. Exped.). Syntype: Lorentz 1046, GOET.

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. punctulata Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 108 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] Entrerios: Concepcion del Uruguay, verbreitet an Wegen, zwischen Gebsch, im Kamp (Lorentz, April 1877, F. Lorentz n. 587. Niederlein n. 140). Uferwald des Arroyo Villaguay (Lorentz, Fl. Entrer. n. 1575). Paso de Santa Lucia auf dem lichten Vorlande am Saume des subtropischen Waldes (Lorentz, Fl. Entrer. n. 641). Uruguay. Salto in Hecken, Rincon del Dayman (C. Osten n. 5479); ohne n here Angabe, Campos in niedrig gelegenen Gegenden (Arechavaleta n. 54). Syntype: Lorentz 1575, GOET.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil (Pernambuco), Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, USA (California).

Chilca, Suncho (Freire et al., 2006).

Baccharis gnidiifolia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 61 (1818). Type: Crescit in scopulosis nobilissimi montis Chimborazo, alt. 1700 hex. L Floret Junio. Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotypes: B-W-15590-1, P (fragm.).

Baccharis semiserrata DC., Prodr. 5: 419 (1836), nom. illegit., non Baccharis semiserrata DC., Prodr. 5: 404 (1836). NB. It would appear that Mller (2006: 270) considered, albeit cited that the name was a contemporaneous homonym, that this name had a type, citing Holotype: G-DC; isotype: P presumably for L in Peruviae Andium valibus legit cl. Haenke. ... (v.s. comm. in h. Haenke cl. de Sternberg miss.). However, Haenkes material was clearly in PR, the material in G-DC a duplicate.

*Baccharis sternbergiana Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 179 (1840), nom. nov. et illegit. based on B. semiserrata DC., Prodr. 5: 404 (no. 38).

*Baccharis hemiprionodes Buek, Index Gen. Spec. 1: x [sic! according to Mller, 2006: 270; it should be v!] (1842), nom. superfl.

Neomolina gnidiifolia (Kunth) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 212 (1993).

Bolivia (La Paz), Ecuador, Peru.

*Baccharis grandicapitulata Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5): 481 (1905). Types: Peruvia: crescit prope Cutervo (J.[elski] n. 778, m. Aprili 1879, specimen masculum; et n. 773, m. Majo 1879, specimen femineum). [Cited for Bolivia by Foster (1958) but of uncertain determination according to M ller (2006: 307). Cuatrecasas (1967: 4) lectotypified the name based on Jelski 773 US.]

Baccharis graveolens Sch.Bip., Bonplandia 4(4): 51 (1856) = Loricaria graveolens (Sch.Bip.) Wedd.

*Baccharis grindeliifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 176 (1856). Type: Prou!. Cordill res du dpartement de Cuzco (Gay).[Cited for Bolivia by Foster (1958) but Bolivian material refers to Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia according to M ller (2006: 307)]

Baccharis grisebachii Hieron., Bol. Acad. Nac. Crdova 4: 36 (1881). Types: [Argentina:] M s, nuestra planta es tambien caracterstica de parages bastantes elevados (la encontr tambien en la Sierra de Famatina, cerca de un punto llamado la Encrucijada (apprximativamente 2800 metros sobre el nivel del mar) y cerca del Corral Colorado (approximavamente 3200 metros) y con el Dr. Lorentz en la Cordillera de Jujui entre El Ojo de Agua y la Abra de las Cortaderas y en la Quebrada Honda del terriiorio de Tarija (aqui una variedad que llaman con el nombre vulgar: Quinchamal, con cabezuelas femeninas cuyos recept culos tienen forma de cono obtuso, de 2 mm. de altura), y seria curioso que vuelve la misma planta hallarse en la provincia del Rio Grande del Brasil, en donde la planta de De Candolle es ind gena. ... El Dr. Echegaray ha recolectado nuestra planta en la Quebrada del Leoncito; en Diciembre, con flores. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 222): ARGENTINA. La Rioja: La Incrucijada, Sierra Famatina, 1879, ♀ and ♂, Hieronymus & Niederlein s.n., BR; isolectotypes: G, P.

Baccharis abietina Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 131 (1898). Type: Chile: 1600 m Paso Cruz. [⨅Chile. Paso Cruz, 1600 m, Jan 1892, Kuntze s.n. (2 sheets) according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 326]. Syntypes: NY 162202, 162203. Note: Mller (2006: 222) did not select a lectotype.

Argentina, Bolivia (Potos , Tarija).

Mller (2006: 223) recorded a hybrid, B. grisebachii torricoi from Bolivia (Potos ).

Vernacular name: Quinchamal (Hieronymus, 1881: 38).

Baccharis grossidentata Heering (sub. grossedentata), Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 73 (1916) = Baccharis darwinii Hook. & Arn.

*Baccharis hemiprionodes Buek, Index Gen. Spec. 1: x [sic! according to Mller, 2006: 270; it should be v!] (1842), nom. superfl. = Baccharis gnidiifolia Kunth [Foster (1958: 203) list the epithet as hemiprionoides].

*Baccharis heterothalamoides Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 19(1): 4 (1892) = Baccharis darwinii Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis humilis Sch.Bip. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 92 (1882) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis huydobriana Remy, Fl. Chil 4: 90 (1849) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 224 (1913) = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. M ller var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., 31, Beih. 3: 153 (1916). comb. illegit., superfl. = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. M ller var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 9:7 (1963), comb. illegit. superfl. = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. M ller var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Perkins f. prostrata Cuatrec., Caldasia 10: 8 (1967) = Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. caespitosa

Baccharis iresinoides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 63 (1818) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis jelskii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(1): 24 (1900) = Baccharis decussata (Klatt) Hieron. ssp. jelskii (Hieron.) Joch. M ller

Baccharis jelskii Hieron. var. cladotricha Cuatrec., Mutisia 17: 11 (1953) = Baccharis decussata (Klatt) Hieron. ssp. jelskii (Hieron.) Joch. Mller

*Baccharis juncea (Lehm.) Desf., Cat. Hort. Paris (ed. 3) : 163 (1829). M ller (2006: 284) based the authors citation on (Cassini) Desfontaines assuming that Cassini first validated the name. At the very least Cassinis name is a later homonym, if not a combination in his genus Arrhenachne.

Stephananthus junceus Lehm., Ind. Sem. Hort. Hamb. 18 (1826), nom. nud. Note: Mller (2006: 284) noted the holotype as in S and isotype in BR-823542. The original publication is variously cited as Ind. Sem. Hort. Hamb. and Sem. Hort. Bot. Hamburg. However, a reprint in K would suggest that the full title, in which this name appeared, is ᒑVerzeichniss der Topfpflanzen und der im Lande ausdauernden Staudengewsche welche im Hamburgischen botanischen Garten adgegeben werden k nnen. in the first section A. Hauspflanzen. As it appears in this work both the generic name and binomial are nom. nud.

Stephananthus junceus Lehm., Flora 10(1, 6): 96 (1827). Type: not stated, but based on cultivated material in Hamburg Botanic Garden. Note: Lehmann, in the paper II. Neue Schriften. 2. Semina in horto botanico Hamburgensi 1826 collecta quae pro mutua commutatione offeruntur. appears to have validated the names in the earlier seed list, the footnote on p. 96 effectively validating the generic name with the derivation from Greek into Latin being stated.

Arrhenachne juncea Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2, 52: 254 (1828). Types: Nous avons fait cette description spcifique, et celle des caract res gn rique, sur des chantillons secs deherbier de M. Desfontaines, provenant d钒individus cultivs dans les serres du Jardin du Roi, et quon croit originaires du S ngal. [M ller (2006: 284) at this point included Cassinis name as the basionym of B. juncea, not Lehmanns! Syntypes were noted as being in FI.]

ssp. clavata Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 284 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Tarija: Prov. Avilez, upper Rio Rosario near Rosario, ca. 3700 m, 2155S, 6507W, 27 Feb 2002, ♀ and F, M ller 9212. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, G, GH, HBG, LPB, MICH, MO, NY, P.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potos, Tarija), Peru.

*Baccharis kuntzeana Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 2: 46 (1952) = Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. papillosa

*Baccharis lanceolata Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 63 (1818) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

*Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 424 (1807).

Molina latifolia Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Peruv. Chil. : 208 (1798). Type: Habitat in Peruviae ruderatis et campis prope Mu a et Rondos vicos. Floret toto anno. Lectotype (selected by Cabrera, 1960: 198): Molina latifolia, Ancochuta. MA [sheet marked as A2 on microfiche sheet 283 of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium and determined by Cuatrecasas as the holotype]; isotypes: B 2, MA [A1, also determined by Cuatrecasas as the isotype], P.

Pingraea latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 217 (1993).

*Baccharis floribunda Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 64 (1818). Type: [Colombia:] Crescit in Andibus Novo-Granatensium prope Almaguer et in convalli fluminis Yacanatacu, alt. 830 󴑖 1200 hex. L Floret Novembri. [Humboldt & Bonpland no. 2089]. Holotype: P-Bonpl. (♂); isotypes: B-W (15594), F, P 4.

Baccharis polyantha Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 64 (1818). Type: Crescit cum prcedente ? L [B. buddlejoides Kunth : 撑Crescit in Peruvia? L]. Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotypes: B-W (15587), F, P 3.

*Baccharis riparia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 65 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit in convallibus Regni Quitensis prope Guamote et rio Chambo, alt. 1300 1600 hex. L Floret Julio. [Humboldt & Bonpland no. 3197. Rio Chambo] Holotype: P-Bonpl; isotype: F (frag.)

*Pluchea glabra Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 183 (March-April 1879), Symb. Fl. Argent. : 183 (1879). Type: [Argentina:] O.: Oran, versus S. Andres. [ARGENTINA. Salta: Dept. Orn, San Andr s, Lorentz & Hieronymus 537. (Mller, 2006: 138). Holotype: GOET.

Vernonia otavalensis A. Gilli, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94: 313 (1983). Type: [Ecuador:] Eucalyptus-Wald bei Otavalo, 2500 m, 16. 7. 1975, fl. [Gilli] 413. Holotype: W.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.

Huma chillca (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis laxa Gardner, London J. Bot. 4: 121 (1845) = Baccharis trinervis Pers.

*Baccharis laxiflora Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 129 (1912) = Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.

Baccharis lepidota A. Gilli, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94: 306 (1983) = Baccharis nitida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis leptocephala DC., Prodr. 5: 413 (1836) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis leptospermoides DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836) = Baccharis dracunculifolia DC.

Baccharis lessingiana DC., Prodr. 5: 414 (1836) = Gochnatia polymorpha (Less.) Cabrera

Baccharis lewisii (H. Rob.) Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 186 (2006).

Archibaccharis lewisii H. Rob., BioLlania, Ed. Esp. 6: 502 (1997). Type: Bolivia. La Paz: Inquisivi. Along the R o Irupaya, ca. 3 km NE of Quime, 1657'S, 6712'W, 2800 m, this area marks the upper point (along river) of subtropical shrublands, rather chapparal-like in aspect, thin shrub supported by other shrubs in deep shade of river cliff woods, flowers white, uncommon, 14 Aug. 1988, Lewis 881,072. Holotype: US; isotypes: LPB, MO.

Bolivia (La Paz).

Note: It was Mllers opinion (2006: 186187) that Archibaccharis lewisii H. Rob. fitted well within a group consisting of B. decussata (Colombia south to Bolivia), B. anomala (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) and B. auriculigera Hieron. (Ecuador and Peru). M ller noted differences from Archibaccharis and it is kept in Baccharis in the present Checklist. The species is still only known from the male type material.

Baccharis lilloi Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 78 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] Tucuman: Dep. Tafi, El Rincn, 2250 m . d. M., Barrancas (Lillo n. 7533 4. Februar 1908, ♂, C); La Cinaga, 2600 m . d. M., zwischen Felsen (Lillo n. 3703 16. April 1904, ♂, C); ohne nhere Angabe (Lorentz und Hieronymus, Fl. arg. n. 677 10.ퟍ17. Januar 1874, von O.Kuntze als B. hemiprionoides Buek bestimmt). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 188): Lillo 7533 C and ♂ HBG; isolectotype: G.

Bolivia (Tarija), Argentina.

Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. M ller had a very broad concept of this species! Pruskis determination of Killeen & Pea 7205 supports this!

Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Conyza linearifolia Lam., Encycl. 2: 92 (1786). Type: M. Commerson a trouv cette plante dans lIsle de Bourbon. [h]. (v.s.). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 100): P-LA (313/4), F, basal right branch; isolectotypes, all ♀: P 2, P-JU.

Molina prostrata Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 204 (1798). Type: Habitat in Peruviae altis et silvaticis locis, versus Pillao et Panao tractus. Floret Julio ad Septembrem. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 100): MA C [sheet marked B8 of microfiche sheet 283 of the Ruiz & Pav n herbarium]. Also noted by Mller (2006: 100) were isolectotypes in B, G (a fragment according to M ller), MA [B7], OXF, and P. Anderberg et al. (1996: 26) noted a further possible Pavn collection in S. Note: M ller (2006: 104) indicated that the choice made by Cuatrecasas (1969), who had earlier selected material in G, was inadmissable as lectotype material.

*Baccharis prostrata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1805).

Baccharis brevifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 409 (1836). Type: L in campis editis prov. Sancti-Pauli Brasiliae legit cl. Lund fl. nov. ... (v.s. comm cl. Lund.). . Holotype: G-DC [♀, Lund 849].

Baccharis leptocephala DC., Prodr. 5: 413 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande (herb. imp. Bras. n. 950, 977 et 948) et Rio-Janeiro (Blanch.! [78]) ... (v.s.). Syntypes: G-DC. Note: h. imp Bras. syntypes in P. Mller (2006: 100) did not select a lectotype.

Baccharis subdentata DC., Prodr. 5: 408 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Minas-geraes (Vauth.! pl. exs. n. 839 , et Santci-pauli (h. imp. Bras. n. 474). ... (v.s.). According to M ller (2006: 100), the Vauthier syntypes is 839, but I note that 339 is actually cited in the Prodromus. The h. imp. Bras. 474 syntype is not represented in G-DC, only in P. Mller (2006: 100) did not select a lectotype.

*Baccharis tridentata Vahl [var.] [b]? pluridentata DC., Prodr. 5: 409 (1836). Type: L circa Bahiam in dumetis legit cl. Blanchet [1036]. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

Baccharis denticulata D. Don ex DC., Prodr. 7: 282 (1838). Type: (Don mss. ex Arn.! in litt. 1836) ... L in Patagoni boreali. ... (v.s. C et F comm. cl. Arnott.). Holotype: ?GL. Note: there is no material illustrated in the microfiche of G-DC.

Baccharis xerophila Mart., Flora 24, Beibl. 2: 11 (1841). Type: ⨅[Brazil:] [Herb. Fl. Bras. 437] Planta mascula. ... Crescit in agris altis siccis, in mediterraneis Prov. Bahiensis, prope Jacobina rel. Hamadryas. Mller (2006: 100) noted that this collection consisted of male and female material and that syntypes were in BR, G, HBG, JE, M 4, W. However, since Martius only mentioned male material in his description, and this was based on material in his own collection, before the Herb. Fl. Bras. distribution it is likely that the material in BR is the most significant and from which the selection of lectotype should be made. BR will also provide evidence of the original collector of the material, likely Lhotsky, the material corresponding to Lhotsky 780.

Baccharis subcapitata Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 85 (1848). Type: [Brazil:] Hab. Dry upland Campos between Arrayas and San Domingos, Province of Goyaz. May, 1840. [Gardner] 4251.

Baccharis varians Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 84 (1848). Types: [Brazil:] Hab. In dry Campos near Villa de Arrayas, Province of Goyaz ([Gardner] 3839), and near Formigas, Province of Minas Geras ([Gardner] 4913). [Note: This taxon is apparently polytypic. Gardner 4913 is still accepted as this species. Gardner 3839 was considered by Barroso to be Baccharis leptocephala DC.]

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. d varians (Gardner) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 63 (1882).

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. h leptocephala (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 64 (1882).

Baccharis humilis Sch.Bip. ex Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 92 (1882). Types: Habitat in campis Brasiliae centralis; e. gr. in prov. Minas Gera s ad Lagoa Santa: Warming!; in campis nuperrime crematis prov. Goyaz: Riedel!; inter Diamantina et Veraba legitima: Burchell n. 5758!; in camis nuper ustis ad Santa Anna: Lund!; praeterea: Sello n. 1969! Pohl n. 441! [Mller, 2006: 101, did not lectotypify this name].

Baccharis rotundifolia Spreng. var. stuckertii Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 131 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] C rdoba: Ohne genaueren Standort (Stuckert n. 6680, 8761); Canals (Stuckert n. 18675 24. Mrz 1908); Estancia S. Teodoro, Rio Primeiro (Stuckert n. 14093, 14002, 15720); Altoso de C rdoba (Bodenbender Mrz 1896, F in Bl te); Sierra Chica, Tunti (Stuckert n. 2268 Febr. 1897). Santa F: Ca ada de Gomez (Galander 28. Dez. 1877, steril). ... Crdoba: Huerta Grande (Stuckert n. 1793 17. Febr. 1897). ... Herb. Stuckert, bei C rdoba 1896 gesammelt (ohne Nummer) ... Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 101): Stuckert 1793 HBG.

Baccharis cordobensis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 132 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] C rdoba: Ohne genauere Standortsangabe (Stuckert n. 2462 Dez. 1896 ♂). Entrerios: Arroyito (Lorentz, Fl. Entrer. n. 1306 Kpfchen noch nicht entwickelt (als B. cuneifolia DC). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 101): Stuckert 2462 HBG; isolectotype: G.

Baccharis subrufescens Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 136 (1916). Types: [Argentina: ] Crdoba: Canals (Stuckert n. 1516, 17. Jan. 1897, n. 18677, 24. M rz 1908). Syntypes: HBG.

Baccharis sessilifolia Vahl var. stuckertii (Heering) Cabrera, Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 17: 117 (1941).

Baccharis subdentata DC. var. incogitata Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 3: 8 (1954), nom. nud.

Baccharis tricuneata (L.f.) Pers. var. ruiziana Cuatrec., Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 214 (1969) (based on Molina prostrata Ruiz & Pav., q.v.).

Baccharis pedersenii Cabrera, Darwiniana 16(12): 410 (1970). Type: [Argentina: ] Entre Ros, Federaci n, Santa Ana, barranca arenosa del ro Uruguay, A. Burkart 21.975. Holotype: SI. M ller (2006: 101) mentioned Holotype: LP; isotypes: BR, P. which is confusing.

Widespread (according to Mller (2006): Colombia south to central Argentina, and Guayana Highlands to northern Patagonia.

[ssp. linearifolia

Baccharis rufescens Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 464 (1826). Type: Monte Video. Sello. Holotype: P.

Baccharis leptophylla DC., Prodr. 5: 423 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 993 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC.

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. h leptophylla (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 63 (1882).

Baccharis pseudotenuifolia Teodoro var. leptophylla (DC.) Giuliano, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 1245 (1999) comb. superfl.

*Baccharis paucidentata DC., Prodr., 5; 420 (1836). Types: in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande (h. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 823 et 840), et ad Buenos-Ayres? ... (v.s.). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 104): Sello [M.I.B.] 840 [= d1101] G-DC; isolectotypes: P 3.

Baccharis tenuifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 423 (1836), nom. illegit. non Baccharis tenuifolia L. (1753). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Sancti-Paulo. ... (v.s. C in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 512 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC.

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. b tenuifolia (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 63 (1882).

Baccharis tenuifolia DC. var. leptophylla (DC.) Malme, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 32(5): 51 (1899).

Baccharis pseudotenuifolia Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 2: 46 (1952), nom. nov. pro Baccharis tenuifolia DC. [Note: Teodoro (1952: 46) quite clearly cited this name, not Malagarriga as is sometimes cited]

Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.]

ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 105 (2006).

*Baccharis polycephala Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 173 (1856). Type: Hab. Bolivie: montagnes des d partements de potosi et de Chuquisaca!, h. 2500 3500 m tres (Wedd.). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 105): Bolivia: Montagnes des d partements de Potosi et de Chuquisaca!, h. 2500 3500 m tres. [Potos: Prov. Fr as, Potos], ♂, Weddell 4091 ⤅ P-218322; isolectotypes: F, P-218323.

Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. linearifolia Wedd. ex Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865), nom. nud.

Baccharis pedalis Sch.Bip. ex Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 182 (March-April 1879), Symb. Fl. Argent. : 182 (1879). Type: O.: Tarija. (Brasil.). Syntypes: Lorentz & Hieronymus 866, Riedel 527 2, GOET. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 105): BOLIVIA. Tarija: Prov. Gran Chaco, Cuesta de Buyuyu; 15 June 1873, ♂, Lorentz & Hieronymus 866. GOET.

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. e pedalis (Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 64 (1882).

*Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. (?) pulverulenta Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3(3): 56 (1893). Types: [Bolivia:] Vic. La Paz, 10,000 ft., 1889 ([Bang] 74). = Rusby 1566.⨙ Lectotype(selected by Mller, 2006: 105): Rusby 1566, NY (ex Columbia College Herbarium); isolectotypes: MICH, NY (ex College of Pharmacy Herbarium). Isosyntype (Bang 74): US (det. by M ller).

*Baccharis pflanzii Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 224 (1913). Type: Bolivien: Palca-La Paz, 3900 m . M. (Pflanz n. 67. Im November 1907 bl hend). Holotype: B.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Potos, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Argentina, Peru.

Chini thola, Macha thola, aca thola, Pampa thola, Picana, Pichanilla, Thola, Tholilla, Tholillo (Mller, 2006).

ssp. chilco (Kunth) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 108 (2006).

Baccharis chilco Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 56 (1818). Type: [Colombia:] Crescit prope Santa Ana. L Floret Julio. Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotypes F, frag., P 2.

Baccharis patiensis Hieron. var. pluridentata Hieron., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 48: 203 (1907). Type: Nach Ule tritt die Art als bis 1 m hoher Strauch auf und findet sich hufig auf den Pampas bei Tarapoto in Peru (n. 6470, under welcher Nummer auch die Variet t lag; Oktober 1902). Holotype: B. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 108): ♀ and ♂, HBG.

Colombia south to Bolivia (El Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Paraguay.

Chilca chilca, Paicha a de bajio (Mller, 2006).

Baccharis linifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis longifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis longipes Kunze ex DC., Prodr. 5: 401 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis lucida Meyen, Reise um die Erde 1: 460 (1834) = Parastrephia lucida (Meyen) Cabrera

*Baccharis magellanica (Lam.) Pers. var. subviscosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 133 (1898) = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. M ller var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis magellanica (Lam.) Pers. var. viscosissima Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 133 (1898) = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. tola var. viscossima (Kuntze) Joch. M ller

Baccharis mandonii Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 533 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 199) = Baccharis mandonii Sch.Bip. ex Klatt

*Baccharis mandonii Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 25 (1112): 108 (1889). Type: [Bolivia:] Hab. Prov. Larecaja, Viciniis Sorata, via ad Lacatia prope rivum in silvulis. Reg. subalpina 33003400 m, Aug. 1858. Leg. G. Mandon, No. 199. Holotype (cited by Mller, 2006: 239): GH (C); isotypes: F, G 2, GH 2, NY 3, P 5, W. Note: Klatt䴒s paper (Klatt, 1889) was also published as a re-paginated reprint/preprint?, and it is quite clear that in the first section (I. Compositae Guatemalenses et Costaricenses ex Herb. Mus. Berol. determinatae et novae descriptae.) material was described from B; the second section (II. Miscellanea.) had much material cited from B, although the location of the type of this name was not stated.

Baccharis mandonii Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 533 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 199).

Baccharis markoi H. Rob., BioLlania, Ed. Esp. 6: 503 (1997). Type: (male): Bolivia. La Paz: Inquisivi, Pavionani, on the slope above Pavionani Fork of the Ro Chimu below headwaters divide with the R o Janko Kalani, 7 km N of Choquetanga, grasslands at treeline, both grazed and ungrazed with small patches of trees along river, Weinmannia and Gynoxys are common trees, 1648S, 6718W, 3500-3600 m, small scattered 1 m high shrub along river, phyllaries purple-black, inflorescence white, 8 Apr. 1991, Lewis 38,505. Holotype: US; isotypes: LPB, MO.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

*Baccharis mapirensis Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 61 (1896) = Baccharis quitensis Kunth

Baccharis marginalis DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

*Baccharis marginalis DC. var. coerulescens (DC.) Heering, Schriften Naturwiss. Vereins Schleswig-Holstein 13: 46 (1904) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis marginalis DC. var. coerulescens (DC.) Heering ex Reiche, Fl. Chil. 4: 11 (1905), comb. superfl. = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis marginalis DC. var. longipes (Kunze ex DC.) Heering, Anales Univ. Chile 111: 160 (1903) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

*Baccharis marginalis DC. var. vinimea Heering ex Reiche, Fl. Chil. 4: 10 (1905). Listed by Foster (1958: 204) but was not mentioned by Mller (2006).

Baccharis markoi H. Rob., BioLlania, Ed. Esp. 6: 503 (1997) = Baccharis mandonii Sch.Bip. ex Klatt

*Baccharis medullosa DC., Prodr. 5: 405 (1836) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers. [acc. to M ller, 2006]

Baccharis meridionalis Heering & Dusn, Ark. Bot. 9(15): 26 (1910) = Baccharis microdonta DC.

Baccharis microdonta DC., Prodr. 5: 416 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Sancti-Pauli. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 485 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC.

Baccharis sebastianopolitana Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 65 (1882). Types: [Brazil:] Habitat prope Rio de Janeiro: Glaziou n. 2627! Barclay!; [Uruguay:] prope Montevideo: Sello n. 21!, 391! 586! 804! 1931! 2256! 2292! 2298! Lectotype (selected by Cabrera, 1959: 33): Glaziou 2627 K; isolectotypes: BR, P 3.

Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. subdentata Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898). Types: Argentina: Tucuman (1024 Lor[entz]. & Hier[onymus].). Paraguay: Concepcion. Uruguay: Rio Santa Lucia. [Argentina. Sierra de Tucumn, 12 Jan 1873, P.G.Lorentz & G. Hieronymus 1024. Paraguay. Concepci n, Sep 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 326]. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 114): Lorentz & Hieronymus, 1024 NY; isolectotype: GOET.

Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. var. subdentata Kuntze f. subviscosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 132 (1898). No distinction was made by Kuntze in citing the material (see var. above) between the variety and its forma.

Baccharis meridionalis Heering & Dus n, Ark. Bot. 9(15): 26 (1910). Types: [Brazil:] In der Hochebene sowohl im bergangsgebiet zwischen dem Urwald der Serra do Mar und dem typischen Campo, wie auch an den R ndern der Waldinseln des Camposgebietes z. B. bei Roa Nova, Serrinha, Cap o Grande, Ponta Grossa u. s. w. Nr. 3956 und 4212 (November 1904) und 7925 (April 1909). Syntypes: HBG. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 114): Dus n 7925 (Ponta Grossa, 4 Apr 1909) HBG; isolectotypes: BR, G.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Thola (Mller, 2006).

*Baccharis microphylla Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 55 (1818). [This is a species of the northern Andes according to M ller (2006: 307), but cited for Bolivia by a number of authors. The Bolivian material is, according to Mller (2006: 307) = Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. M ller, Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. integrifolia Joch. Mller, Baccharis tola Phil. var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. M ller]

*Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. b incarum Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 170 (1856) = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. Mller var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. M ller

*Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. integrifolia Wedd. ex Sch.Bip. = pp. Baccharis tola Phil. var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. Mller, Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. M ller, Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. integrifolia Joch. Mller

Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. linearifolia Wedd. ex Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865), nom. nud. = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. M ller

*Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. (?) pulverulenta Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3(3): 56 (1893) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. rhomboidea Wedd. ex Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865), nom. nud. = ? Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. integrifolia Joch. M ller

Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. viscosa Wedd. ex Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1965), nom. nud. = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. Mller & Baccharis tola Phil. var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. M ller

Baccharis mirabilis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 91 (1916) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis multiflosculosa Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 79 (1916). Type: [Argentina:] Tucuman: Dep Tafi, 2200 m . d. M., in barrancas (Lillo n. 8649 29. Nov. 1908). Holotype: HBG ♀ and ♂; isotype: G.

Bolivia (Tarija), Argentina.

Baccharis multisulcata Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 45 (1882) = Baccharis orbignyana Klatt

*Baccharis myriocephala Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 93 (1882) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. M ller [in Mllers extremely broad concept of B. genistelloides]

Baccharis myrtilloides Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 19([1]): 176 (1874) = Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis myrtilloides Griseb. f. angustifolia Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 128 (1916) = Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn.

*Baccharis nitida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Molina nitida Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 204 (1798). Type: Habitat in Peruviae, altis et silvaticis locis, varsus Pillao et Panao tractus. Floret Julio ad Septembrem. Lectotype (selected by Cabrera, 1960: 199): Lima. Clasis 19. Baccharis axillaris. F. P. c. 1.65.c.d. ex Chinchao . MA (male) [marked as B1 on sheet 283 of the microfiche of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium]; isotypes: B, F, MA-frag., OXF, P 2. Note: There are also other sheets of this taxon in the Ruiz & Pav n herbarium, A7 and A8 of microfiche sheet 283 that may represent type material.

Baccharis prinoides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 56 (1818). Type: [Peru:] Crescit regione calida Provinci Jaen de Bracamoros, in ripa Amazonum fluvii prope confluentem Chinchipen, alt. 200 hex. L Floret Augusto. [Humboldt & Bonpland 93/16 - 󴒑no. 1917? 2145? Jaen; Humboldt & Bonpland 93/17 - no. 1917]. Holotype: P-Bonpl. (♀); isotypes: B-W (15599), P 4.

Baccharis oronocensis DC., Prodr. 5: 422 (1836). Type: L in Peruviae montanis Oronocensibus legit cl. Haenke. ... (v.s. in h. Haenk. ab ill. de Sternberg comm.). Holotype: G-DC.

Baccharis lepidota A. Gilli, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94: 306 (1983). Type: [Ecuador:] Wald bei El Corazon, 1470m, 28. 6., fl. [Gilli] 242. Holotype: W.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, ?Venezuela.

Mller (2006: 121) listed several other species after his account of B. nitida, including B. amambayensis Zardini & Soria, B. dentata (Vell.) G. M. Barroso, B. rivularis Gardner, B. erectiflora Steyerm. and B. schomburgkii Baker. The suggestion was that the status of the last two should be reviewed, although its clear that the three former were not closely related to B. nitida but why they were mentioned is unclear other than their similarity with axillary racemes overtopped by the subtending leaves⑒.

*Baccharis oblanceolata Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 61 (1896) = Baccharis oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. [in Mllers very broad concept of this species!]

Baccharis oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 424 (1807).

Molina oblongifolia Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 203 (1798). Type: Habitat in Peruviae altis frigidis in Caxatambo Provincia versus Cheuchin. Floret Majo ad Septembrem. Holotype: MA [B2 on microfiche sheet 283 of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium, determined as the holotype by Cuatrecasas in 1963]; isotypes: B (frag.), G, OXF.

Baccharis berberifolia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 57 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit cum pr cedente ? L [B. quitensis, q.v. Crescit in alta planitie Quitensis ad radices montis ignivomi Rucu-Pichincha, alt. 1500 hex. L Floret Junio.]. Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotypes: B-W-15595, P 2.

Baccharis brachylaenoides DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae monte Cercovado augusto flor. legit cl. Lund. ... (v.s. comm. cl. Lund.). Note: There are two Lund collections in G-DC 󑒖 [604 C, 609 F] and it is likely that de Candolle based his description on Lund 609 since a male plant is specifically mentioned.

Baccharis venulosa DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836). Type: L in Peruviae montibus oronocensibus legit cl. Haenke. ... (v.s. in h. Haenke cl. de Sternberg comm.) Holotype: G-DC, ♂; isotypes: B, M, P.

Baccharis oblanceolata Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 61 (1896). Type: [Bolivia:] ґMapiri, JulyAug., 1892, ([Bang] 1490). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 279): NY-162280; isotypes: F, G 2, GH, HBG (frag.), MICH, MO, NY-162281, UPS, US, W, Z 2 (000003081, 000003082).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Peru, Venezuela.

[M ller (2006) took an extraordinarily broad view of this taxon including diverse elements, suggesting, and finally including (in herbarium determinations) B. grandimucronata, B. ligustrina and B. vismioides].

*Baccharis obtusifolia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 51 (1818). [A species of the northern Andes according to Mller (2006); Bolivian material referred to by many authors is best assigned to Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. papillosa]

*Baccharis odorata Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 52 (1818). [Cited by various authors for Bolivia, but Bolivian material is referred to Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. and Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. papillosa according to M ller (2006: 307)].

Baccharis odorata Kunth [var.] b latifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 169 (1856) = Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. papillosa

Baccharis odorata Kunth [var.] d spathulata Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 169 (1856) = Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. caespitosa

*Baccharis oppositifolia Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 133 (1898) = Polyanthina nemorosa (Klatt) R. M. King & H. Rob. [EUPATORIEAE]

*Baccharis orbignyana Klatt, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 327 (1881). Type: [Bolivia:] Hab: Chiquitos, leg. A. dOrbigny No. 883. Holotype: P; isotypes: GH, P, W. [The protologue appears on p. 7 of the pre-/re- print in K.]

Baccharis multisulcata Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 45 (1882). Type: [Brazil:] Habitat in prov. Minas Geras ad Lagoa Santa: Warming. Holotype: K.

Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Brazil.

Baccharis oronocensis DC., Prodr. 5: 422 (1836) = Baccharis nitida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

*Baccharis oxyodonta DC. var. punctulata (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 77 (1882) = Baccharis punctulata DC.

Baccharis oxyphylla DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker

*Baccharis papillosa Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 129 (1912). Type: [Bolivia:] 뒑 Fifteen ft. high; La Paz, 11,500 ft., Aug. 23, 1901 ([R.S. Williams] No. 2347). Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

ssp. australis Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 70 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Chuquisaca: Prov. Oropeza, Cajamarca ca. 30 km hacia Ravelo, ca. 3300 m, 9 Oct 1984, F, Beck 8826. Holotype: JE; isotypes: HBG, LPB.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Potos ).

Thola, Thola macho (Mller, 2006).

ssp. chaparensis Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 77 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA, Cochabamba: Prov. Chapare, gorge of Rio Apaza N Represa Corani, road Cochabamba-Villa Tunari, ca. 3200 m, 1712'S, 6554'W, 8 Mar 2002, ♀ and ♂, Mller 9264. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, G, GH, HBG, LPB, MO, NY, NY, P.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

ssp. integrifolia Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 78 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. La Paz: Prov. Inquisivi, above Titi Amaya (N Quime), ca. 3400 m, 1655'S, 6712'W, 1 Aug 1999, ♀, Mller 7276. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, LPB, NY.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), Ecuador, Peru.

Thola de altura (M ller, 2006).

ssp. kessleri Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 81 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Cochabamba: Prov. Chapare, gorge of Rio Apaza N Represa Corani, road Cochabamba-Villa Tunari, ca. 3200 m, 1712'S, 6554'W, 8 Mar 2002, ♀ and ♂, M ller 9275. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, E, G, GH, HBG, LPB, MICH, MO, NY, P.

Bolivia (Cochabamba).

Note: This ssp. occurs at exactly the same place as ssp. chaparensis.

ssp. longipedicellata Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Mongr. 76: 75 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. La Paz: Prov. Larecaja, Planicia de Icharani E Laripata, ca. 3250 m, 1545'S, 6839'W, 30 Aug 1999, ♀, M ller 7595. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, GH, LPB, MO, NY.

Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Suinomoya (Mller, 2006).

ssp. papillosa

Baccharis odorata Kunth var. b latifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 169 (1856). Type/s: see discussion under B. caespitosa ssp. caespitosa. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 67): Bolivia. La Paz: Prov. Murillo, Chivesivi, valle S de La Paz, 8500-12,000 ft, 1839, Pentland s.n. 钖 P-218255 right hand branch.

*Baccharis vitis-idaea Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 135 (1989), non B. vitis-idaea [sic!] Oliver ex Thurn (1886) = . Type: Bolivia: 4000 m zwischen oruro und Rio Tapacari. Holotype: ? according to Wetter & Zanoni (1985: 339) no type specimen has yet been found in NY.

*Baccharis kuntzeana Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 2: 46 (1952), nom. nov. pro Baccharis vitis-idaea Kuntze. [Note: Teodoro (1952: 46) used his religious name not his family name, Malagarriga, as incorrectly cited by Mller (2006: 67)]

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos ).

Chua chua, Muyu thola, Orkho thola, Palta thola (Mller, 2006).

ssp. yungensis Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 73 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. La Paz: Prov. Inquisivi, Cerro Cruz Pata NW Quime, ca. 3350 m, 1658'S, 6713'W, 30 Jul 1999, ♀, Mller 7246. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, LPB, MO, NY.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

Munti thola,Thola (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis parviflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis patiensis Hieron. var. pluridentata Hieron., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 48: 203 (1907) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. chilco (Kunth) Joch. Mller

*Baccharis paucidentata DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. linearifolia [in M llers broad concept of this species]

Baccharis pedalis Sch.Bip. ex Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 182 (March-April 1879) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis pedersenii Cabrera, Darwiniana 16: 410 (1970) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis pedunculata (Mill.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 7: 240 (1959).

Conyza pedunculata Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Conyza no. 15 (1768). Type: The fifteenth sort This grows naturally at Campeachy, from whence the seeds were sent me by Mr. Robert Millar.According to M ller (2006: 179) Holotype: not located; not at BM, Vickery, pers. comm, March 2003).

Eupatorium cotinifolium Willd., Phytogr. : 11 (1794). Type: [Martinique:] Habitat in Martinica. L. Isert. Holotype: B-W-15147.

Baccharis cinnamomifolia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 65 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit cum precedente ? L [B. riparia, q.v. ᴉCrescit in convallibus Regni Quitensis prope Guamote et rio Chambo, alt. 1300 1600 hex. L Floret Julio.] Holotype: P-Bonpl. (♀); isotypes B-W-15570, P 3.

Baccharis speciosa DC., Prodr. 5: 399 (1836). Type: L in montanis Guadalupae junio flor. legit cl. Perrottet. ... (v.s. comm. cl. Perrottet.). Note: M ller (2006: 179) suggested there were syntypes in G-DC, even though the Prodromus account might suggest only one Perrottet collection. The material referred to by Mller is the only one with a precise date, 28 Juin 1824.

Baccharis splendens Heering, Schriften Naturwiss. Vereins Schleswig-Holstein 13: 48 (1904). Types: [Costa Rica:] Hierher geh ren Pittier & Durand n. 4932, 1706, 7175. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 179): Costa Rica. Puntarenas: R o Ceibo prs de Buenos Aires, Jan 1892, ♀, Pittier 6623, Pittier & Durand, Pl. Costaric. exs. 4932, M.

Baccharis cotinifolia (Willd.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 3: 406 (1903).

Pseudobaccharis cotinifolia (Willd.) Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 2: 47 (1952).

Bolivia (Cochabamba, El Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Guatemala, Martinique, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela.

Baccharis pendula Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg, Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 86 (1916) = Baccharis quitensis Kunth

*Baccharis pentlandii DC., Prodr. 5: 416 (1836). Type: 蒑L in Republ. Boliviana Amer. austr. legit cl. Pentland et mecum comm. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

ssp. pentlandii

*Baccharis fallax Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2); 132 (1898). Type: Bolivia: 3500 m zwischen Cochabamba und Rio Juntas. [Bolivia. Zwischen Cochabamba und Rio Juntas, 3500 m, 1321 Apr 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 326] Holotype: NY.

*Baccharis rubricaulis Rusby, Bull. New York. Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 129 (1912). Type: [Bolivia:] Four feet high. La Paz, 11,500 ft., Aug. 18, 1901 ([R.S. Williams] No. 2301). Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Baccharis vernicoso-splendida Herzog, Veg. Erde 15: 176 (1923), nom. nud. Based according to Mller (2006: 299) on Herzog 2463 [BOLIVIA. Cochabamba: Prov. Chapare, Chocayatal bei Cochabamba, C and F], B, L, M; a duplicate is also in S.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz), Peru.

Chilca (M ller, 2006).

ssp. sculpta (Griseb.) Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 156 (2006).

Baccharis sculpta Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 19([1]): 175 (1874); Pl. Lorentz. : 127 (1874). Type: [Argentina:] Tucuman, ubi constituit formationem distinctam in jugo m. Cuesta de Junta, unde descendit cum rivulis Cienega versus et pr. Tafi. Catamarca, frequens in convalle Granadillas pr. Belen, ubi ascendit ad Vayas altas 9000. Syntypes: Lorentz 131, 546, 621, GOET. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 156): Argentina. Tucum n: Dept. Taf, Cuesta de Juntas und Cienega, 23 Mar 1872, ♀, Lorentz 131, GOET.

Pluchea montana Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 24(1): 184 (March-April 1879); Symb. Fl. Argent. : 184 (1879). Type: [Argentina:] T.: Tucuman, pr. Cienega. Argentina. Tucumn: Dept. Taf ,: Cienega, Jan 1874, Lorentz & Hieronymus 676. Mller, 2006: 156. Holotype: GOET.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Oruro, Potos , Tarija).

Chilca (Mller, 2006).

*Baccharis perulata Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 133 (1898) = Baccharis densiflora Wedd. ssp. perulata (Kuntze) Joch. M ller Cited by Foster (1958: 204), although this is an Argentinian species according to Mller (2006: 151).

Baccharis peruviana Cuatrec., Caldasia 10(46): 23 (1967) is cited for material from Bolivia by Cuatrecasas (1967b), but according to M ller (2006: 307) material is referrable to B. papillosa Rusby ssp. integrifolia Joch. Mller and B. phylicoides Kunth

*Baccharis pflanzii Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 224 (1913) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. M ller

Baccharis phyliciformis Meyen, Reise um die Erde 2: 31 (1835) = Parastrephia lucida (Meyen) Cabrera

Baccharis phylicoides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 49 (1818). Type: Crescit in devexis Parami de Guamani, alt. 1720 hex. (Regno Peruviano.) L Floret Novembri. [Humboldt & Bonpland no. 3516. Guamani]. Holotype: P-Bonpl; isotypes B-W-15583, P).

Bolivia (La Paz), Ecuador, Peru.

aca (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis pingraea DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis pingraea DC. [var.] b angustissima DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis pingraea var. longipes (Kunze ex DC.) Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wis. Anst. 21, Beih. 3: 18 (1904) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis pinnatifida Klatt, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 327 (1881) = Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis platypoda DC., Prodr. 5: 409 (1836). Type: L in Brasilia (herb. LHr.!) prov. Minarum General. ad Mariannam (Vauth! pl. exs. n. 283). ... (v.s.). Lectotype (selected by Giuliano, 2005: 535): 钑Vauthier 283, G-DC; isolectotypes: G, GH, P 2, W.

*Baccharis syncephala Sch.Bip. ex Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 386 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] ([Bang] No. 2261.) Holotype: NY; isotypes: E, G 2, GH, M, MICH, MO, UPS 2, W.

*Baccharis condensata Rusby, Descr. New Sp. S. Amer. Pl. : 148 (1920). Type: A shrub, 6 feet, near Ingles-Ingles, 6,000 feet altitude, Bolivia, August 16, 1902. (R.S. Williams, No. 1445.) Holotype: NY.

Bolivia (La Paz), Brazil, Peru.

Note: Mller (2006: 129) quite incorrectly referred to this species as a Shrub 13 m it is quite clearly a tree!

Baccharis plucheiformis Kuntze (sub plucheaeformis), Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 134 (1890) = Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.

Baccharis polifolia Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 19([1]): 176 (1874); Pl. Lorentz. : 128 (1874). Type: [Argentina:] Catamarca, ubi fruticeta praecipue format in planitie alta Laguna blanca et pr. fodinas Las Capillitas alt. 1011000. Syntypes: Lorentz 337. 433, GOET. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 225): Argentina. Catamarca: Las Capillitas, 7 Jan 1872, ♂, Lorentz 337, GOET.

Argentina, Bolivia (Tarija),

Baccharis polyantha Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 64 (1818) = Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

*Baccharis polycephala Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 173 (1856) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. M ller

Baccharis potosiensis H. Rob., BioLlania, Ed. Esp. 6: 504 (1997). Type: (female & male): Bolivia. Potos: Prov. Cornelio Saavedra, pasando Retiro, 2600 m, bosque seco, suelo pizarroso con peque as laminas de pizarra, exp. W, fuertemente inclinado, color caf con algo de materia, xerofitico con cactus columnares, arbusto 1 m, resionso, roca madre pizarra, 30 Mar. 1993, Torrico & Peca 287. Holotype: US; isotypes: BOLV, LPB.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Potos ).

Baccharis prinoides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 56 (1818) = Baccharis nitida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

*Baccharis prostrata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1805) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis pseudotenuifolia Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 2: 46 (1952) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. linearifolia

*Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 81 (1865), nom. nud. = Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.

*Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 181 (March-April 1879), Symb. Fl. Argent. (1879). Types: Mandon pl. boliv. 185. ... Ct. (Boliv.). Note: The following citation was provided by Granda Paucar & Giuliano (2004: 79) BOLIVIA. Dpto Larecaja: vicinis Sorata, Nov 1858-Mar 1859. Holotype: GOET; isotypes: K (photo LP), LP, NY (photo LP). However, the GOET type database indicates that Schickendantz 295 and Mandon 185 were the syntypes. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 265): BOLIVIA. La Paz: Prov. Larecaja, Sorata, 2600-2700 m, 1858-1859, ♀ and ♂, Mandon 185. GOET (left branch, C); possible isolectotypes: BR, G, GH 3, HBG (frag.), MO (frag.), NY 4, P 6, S, W 2.

*Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 81 (1865), nom. nud.

Baccharis plucheiformis Kuntze (sub plucheaeformis), Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 134 (1890). Type: Argentina: Al Norte del Pan de Azucar in Sierra Chica de Cordoba (Hieronymus). [Argentina. Prov. Crdoba, Al Norte del Pan de Azucar in Sierra Chica de C rdoba, 10 Nov 1877, G. Hieronymus s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 327]. Holotype: NY-162301.

Baccharis subsculpta Hochr., Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6(21): 292 (1910). Types: In Peruvia interiore (Matthews no. 564), in Herb. N. Y. Bot. Gard.; idem in Herb. Kew sub (Matthews no. 758), Cuesta of Perruchuca. Lectotype (selected by Granda Paucar & Giuliano, 2004: 709): Matthews 758 K (photo LP).

*Baccharis laxiflora Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 129 (1912). Type: [Bolivia:] Two ft. high; La Paz, 11,500 ft., Aug. 16, 1901 ([R.S. Williams] No. 1675). Holotype: NY.

*Baccharis sternbergiana Steud. var. pubescens Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 225 (1913). Type: Bolivien: Palca-La Paz, 3700 m . M. (K. Pflanz n. 162. Im Juni 1909 bl hend). Holotype: B.

Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb. var. grisea Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 78 (1916). Types: [Argentina:] Tucuman: Dep. Capital, cercos (Lillo n. 7110 24. Spet., ♂, ♀, n. 3199 29. September, ♂, C). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 265): Lillo 7110 F & C HBG.

Neomolina pulchella (Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 213 (1993).

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Peru.

Mura mura, Tian tian (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb. var. grisea Heering = Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.

*Baccharis pulverulenta Klatt, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 327 (1881) = Baccharis dracunculifolia DC.

Baccharis pumila Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 124 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Tarija: Prov. Avilez, ca. 10 km W Camacho, ca. 4200 m, 28 Feb 2002, (C and ♂), M ller 7241. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, LPB, NY.

Bolivia (Tarija).

Baccharis punctulata DC., Prodr. 5: 405 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 970 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC.

*Baccharis oxyodonta DC. var. punctulata (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 77 (1882).

Pingraea punctulata (DC.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 218 (1993).

Baccharis amygdalina Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 19([1]): 175 (1874); Pl. Lorentz.: 127 (1874). Type: Tucuman, in pratis montanis pr. Siambon. Holotype: Lorentz 213, GOET.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Chilca (Freire et al., 2006).

Baccharis purpurascens Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 96 (1916) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Baccharis quadrangularis Meyen, Reise um die Erde 1: 460 (1834) = Parastraphia quadrangularis (Meyen) Cabrera

*Baccharis quitensis Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 57 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit in alta planitie Quitensis ad radices montis ignivomi Rucu-Pichincha, alt. 1500 hex. L Floret Junio. Holotype: P-Bonpl; isotypes: B-W-15600, F, P (frag.).

*Baccharis flexuosa Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 83 (1882). Type: [Brazil:] Habitat in prov. Minas Geras, in silvis ad Lagoa Santa: Warming! Holotype: K- 67796; isotype: HBG (frag.).

Pingraea flexuosa (Baker) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 217 (1993).

*Baccharis mapirensis Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 61 (1896). Type: [Bolivia:] 뒑Between Mapiri and Tipuani, JulyAug., 1892 ([Bang] 1481). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 175): NY-162269; isotypes: E, F, G 2, GH, M, MICH, MO, NY-162270, S, US, W.

Baccharis pendula Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, 3 Beih.: 86 (1916 certainly post May 1915). Type: [Argentina:] Jujuy: Sierra Santa Barbara in Geb schen, an schattigen Orten, ca. 2000 m . d. M. ([11.VII. 1901,] R. E. Fries, Exp. Suec. Chac. And. n. 282). Holotype: HBG; isotype: S.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Ecuador.

*Baccharis resinosa Kunth var. truncatifolia Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 224 (1913). [Type: Bolivien: Palca-La PAz, 3800 m . M. (Pflanz n. 68. Im November 1907 blhend). Holotype: B] = Baccharis resinosa Kunth or Baccharis papillosa Rusby according to M ller (2006: 298).

*Baccharis retusa DC., Prodr. 5: 412 (1836) [According to Mller (2006, 307) several reports from Bolivia probably refer to Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. chilco (Kunth) Joch. M ller]

*Baccharis rhexioides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 66 (1818) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker

*Baccharis riparia Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 65 (1818) = Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis rotundifolia Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 465 (1826) = Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl

Baccharis rotundifolia Spreng. var. stuckertii Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 131 (1916) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis rotundifolia Spreng. f. subcuneata Malme, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 12(2): 81 (1933) = Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl

*Baccharis rubricaulis Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(No. 28): 129 (1912) = Baccharis pentlandii DC. ssp. pentlandii

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. h leptocephala (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 64 (1882) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. e pedalis (Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.) Baker in Mart., Fl. bras. 6(3): 64 (1882) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. ssp. polycephala (Wedd.) Joch. Mller

Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. d varians (Gardner) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 63 (1882) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

 

Baccharis sagittalis (Less.) DC., Prodr. 5: 425 (1836).

Molina sagittalis Less., Linnaea 6: 144 (1831). Types: (Baccharis genistelloides Poepp. coll. pl. chil. 1. n. 210 nec Pers.). ... Chile pr. Talcagnano cel. de Chamisso; in crepidinibus angustis Valparaiso Maj. Poeppig. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 206): CHILE. Valparaso: Valpara so, C and F, Peoppig 210, G-DC ♂; isolectotypes: MO 2.

Baccharis sagittalis (Less.) DC. [var.] b poeppigii DC., Prodr. 5: 425 (1836). Type: L in Chili. Baccharis venosa ? seu Baccharis tripterix Poepp.! coll. Chil. I. n. 210 diar. 46. (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

Pingraea sagittalis (Less.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 218 (1993).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru.

Carqueja, Quinsa cuchu (Mller, 2006).

Baccharis sagittalis (Less.) DC. [var.] b poeppigii DC., Prodr. 5: 425 (1836) = Baccharis sagittalis (Less.) DC.

*Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Molina salicifolia Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 210 (1798). Type: Habitat in Peruviae altis montibus, copios ad Pillao et Acomayo tractus. Floret Majo ad Septembrem. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 159): MA, Molina salicifolia probably written by Ruiz; isotypes B 2, MA. Note: The lectotype sheet had previosuly been determined as the holotype by Cuatrecasas in 1963.

Baccharis viminea DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836). Type: [USA:] L in Californi legit cl. Douglas. ... (v.s. comm. ab hon. soc. hort. Lond.). Holotype: G-DC.

Baccharis longipes Kunze ex DC., Prodr. 5: 401 (1836). Type: ⒑(Kunze! in Poepp. coll. 2. n. 104) ... L in lapidosis inundatis Rio de Chili legit cl. Poeppig. ... (v.s. ex coll. Poepp.). Holotype: G-DC; isotype: P.

Baccharis marginalis DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836). Types: L in versuris et ripis Chancay et Cercado prov. Peruviae (R. et Pav.) ad Valparaiso Chilensium (Gaud.!). Molina parviflora R. et Pav. syst. 209? Baccharis parviflora Pers. ench. 2. p. 425 n. 47? non Poir. ... Ad stirps Chilensis cert eadem ac Peruviana? (v.s. ♂ et C comm. cl. Gaudichaud.). Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1969: 204, as 蒑holotype): Gaudichaud s.n., G-DC; isolectotype: P.

Baccharis fevillei DC., Prodr. 5: 403 (1836). Types: L in Peruviae (Gaud.!), ripis (R. et Pav.), ad sinum Chorillo (MacRae!), et circa Limam (Abadia!). Conyza frutescens, etc. Fenill. per. w. p. 750. t. 37. B. striata R. et Pav. syst. 207 excl. syn.? B. ivaefolia Peruviana (nec Capensis) auct. ... (v.s.). Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967: 6): G-DC. Note: Cuatrecasas actually cited Gaudichaud, Lima, Baccharis fevillei (G, holotypus), photo F.M. 37716. but on the previous page had cited Dombey, Perou, istipo (syntypus) de Baccharis fevillei DC. (P) ..., although no such material was explicitly cited by de Candolle.

Baccharis chilquilla DC., Prodr. 5: 419 (1836). Type: L in dumetis et sylvaticis scariosis secus flumina ad Quillota Chilensium octobr. flor. legit cl. Bertero. ... (v.s.)󒑒. Holotype; G-DC; isotypes: P 3, W.

Baccharis calliprinos Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 176 (1874); Pl. Lorentz. : 129 (1874). Type: [Argentina:] Catamarca, in convalle inferiori pr. Nacimiento, ubi fruticeta praecipue constituit. [Lorentz 423] Holotype: GOET.

Baccharis marginalis DC. var. longipes (Kunze ex DC.) Heering, Anales Univ. Chile 111: 160 (1903).

Baccharis pingraea var. longipes (Kunze ex DC.) Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wis. Anst. 21, Beih. 3: 18 (1904).

Baccharis mirabilis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 91 (1916). Type: [Argentina:] Mendoza: Quebrado del Toro, Cerro Pelado, ca. 2400 m . d. M. an B chen sehr hufig (F. Kurtz n. 9403 18.ퟙ22. Jan. 1897, ♂). Holotype: HBG.

Pingraea salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 218 (1993).

Pingraea marginalis (DC.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 218 (1993).

ssp. salicifolia

Molina parviflora Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 209 (1798). Type: Habitat in versuris et ripis Chancay et Cercado Provinciarum. Floret per totum annum. Holotype: MA [B5 on microfiche 283 of the Ruiz & Pavn herbarium and determined as the holotype by Cuatrecasas in 1963 there are two stems on the sheet, the larger righthand one from a female plant]; isotype: B, frag.

Baccharis parviflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807).

Baccharis iresinoides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 63 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit in calidis Provinci Bracamorensis juxta Passo de Matara, alt. 430 hex. L Floret Augusto. Holotype: P-Bonpl.; isotype: P, frag.

Baccharis lanceolata Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 63 (1818). Type: Crescit in litore Oceani Pacifici prope Santa Peruvianorum. L Floret Octobri. [Humboldt & Bonpland 3757]. Holotype:. P-Bonpl. (♂); isotypes: B-W (15588) 2, F, GH, P.

Baccharis alamanii DC. (sub alamani), Prodr. 5: 402 (1836). Type: L in Mexico legit cl. Alaman. ... (v.s. comm. cl. inv.). Holotype: G-DC.

Baccharis coerulescens DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836). Types: 긅L in Mexico circa Matamoros legit cl. Berlandier (pl. exs. n. 2343) ... (v.s. comm. a cl. invent.). Mller (2006: 160) did not lectotypify this name by noted Syntypes: G (♂); G-DC, two sheets with different collection dates (C), W (♀).

Baccharis linifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 420 (1836). Type: in Mexico ad Real del Monte ex h. Haenke. ... (v.s. in h. Haenke cl. de Sternberg miss.). Holotype: G-DC.

Baccharis longifolia DC., Prodr. 5: 402 (1836). Types: KL in Mexico circa urbem legit cl. Berlandier flor. augosto (pl. exs. n. 624 et 653). ... (v.s. F et ♀ cl. inv. comm.). M ller (2006: 160) did not lectotypify this name but noted the syntypes Berlandier 624 (G-DC, W) and Berlandier 653 (G, G-DC).

Baccharis marginalis DC. var. coerulescens (DC.) Heering, Schriften Naturwiss. Vereins Schleswig-Holstein 13: 46 (1904).

Baccharis marginalis DC. var. coerulescens (DC.) Heering ex Reiche, Fl. Chil. 4: 11 (1905), comb. superfl.

Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. var. longifolia (DC.) Cuatrec., Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 212 (1969).

Baccharis purpurascens Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 96 (1916). Type: [Argentina: ] Tucuman: Dep. Tafi, Ufer des Rio Tafi (Lillo n. 4106 18. Febr. 1905, ♂, ♀ in Blte). Holotype: HBG.

Southwestern USA south to Patagonia. Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos , Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, USA.

Chilca, Mucsumu aqui, Palo corazn, Sinta (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. var. longifolia (DC.) Cuatrec., Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 212 (1969) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

*Baccharis saliens Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 387 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] Scarce in wet forest-mould; climbing; flowers white. Unduavi, September, 1894. ([Bang] No. 2493.) Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 290): NY-162328; isotypes: F, GH, MICH, MO, NY-162329, US.

Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Peru suggested by M ller.

var. saliens

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

var. solomonii (H. Rob.) Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 293 (2006).

Baccharis solomonii H. Rob., Phytologia 65(1): 40 (1988). Type: BOLIVIA: La Paz: Sud Yungas. 3.2 km S of (below) Chuspipata on road to Chulumani, elev. 2900-3000 m. Cloud forest, disturbed, with Brunellia, Clusia and Weinmannia 1618S, 6749 W. Scandent, up to 4 m, Corollas white, foetid smelling. Male plant. 28 Sept. 1985. Solomon and Nee 14257. Holotype: US; isotypes: LPB, MO.

Bolivia (La Paz).

Baccharis samensis Joch. Mller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 121 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Tarija: Prov. M ndez, descent W from summit of ridge W of Tarija by road to Camargo, 3500 m, 7 Mar 2000, ♀, Wood 15965. Holotype: LPB; isotypes: JE, K.

Argentina, Bolivia (Tarija).

Baccharis santelicis Phil. ssp. chrysophylla F. H. Hellwig, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Mnchen 29: 318 (1990) = Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. M ller var. chrysophylla (F. H. Hellwig) Joch. Mller

Baccharis saxatilis Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 52 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Chuquisaca: Prov. Calvo, Muyupampa (Vaca Guzmn) Ipati, near summit, ca. 1600 m, 1949'S, 6343'W, 15 Mar 2002, ♀ and F, Mller 9344. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, G, GH, HBG, LPB, MO, NY.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz).

Olivo (M ller, 2006).

*Baccharis scandens (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 424 (1807) [According to Mller (2006: 307) several reports of this species are referrable to misidentified collections of Baccharis serranoi H. Rob.]

Baccharis sculpta Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 19([1]): 175 (1874); Pl. Lorentz.: 127 (1874) = Baccharis pentlandii DC. ssp. sculpta (Griseb.) Joch. M ller

Baccharis sebastianopolitana Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 65 (1882) = Baccharis microdonta DC.

*Baccharis semiserrata DC., Prodr. 5: 404 (1836). [According to Mller (2006: 307) material referrable to this Brazilian species from Santa Cruz is belongs to B. microdonta.]

Baccharis semiserrata DC., Prodr. 5: 419 (1836), nom. illegit. = Baccharis gnidiifolia Kunth

Baccharis serranoi H. Rob., BioLlania, Ed. Esp. 6: 505 (1997). Type: (female): Bolivia. La Paz: Laraceja, Sorata, 6-8 km hacia Consata, 3150 m, al borde del camino, arbusto trepador, apoyandose, flores amarillas, frutos, dentro de una ladera h meda, 27 May 1991, Beck 19,885. Holotype: US; isotypes: JE, LPB.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz).

Lankho lankho (Mller, 2006).

*Baccharis serrulata (Lam.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 423 (1807) was cited by Foster (1958: 204) but this is a Brazilian and Venezuelan species and is not found in Bolivia according to M ller (2006: 137).

Baccharis serrulata (Lam.) Pers. var. subscandens Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 134 (1898) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 97 (1794). Type: Habitat in Brasilia. L. [Monte video. Commerson s.n. ded. Dn Thouin.] Holotype: C.

Baccharis rotundifolia Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 465 (1826). Type: [Uruguay:] Monte Video. Sello. Holotype: P; isotypes G-DC, P.

Baccharis camporum DC., Prodr. 5: 399 (1836). Type: [Brazil:] L in campis editis prov. Sancti-Pauli Brasiliae legit cl. Lund [850]. Chrysocoma decussata fl. flum. 8. t. 9? quae foliis alternis gaudet. Habitus hujus stirpis et plurimarum in campis Brasiliae obviis praecipue ex cl. Lund tribuenitus more vulgatissimo igne destruendi herbas camporum, und rhizoma induratur et quotannis ampliatur (v.s. ♀ comm. cl. Lund.). Holotype: G-DC; isotype: P.

Baccharis cephalotes DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836). Type: L in Brasiliae prov. Sancti-Pauli. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 476 miss.). Holotype: P; isotype: G-DC.

Baccharis camporum DC. var. glaucescens Chod. & Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boiss., s r. 2, 3(8): 716 (1903). Type: [Paraguay:] Frutex 0,5-1, petala cremea, in campis in regione cursus superioris fluminis Apa, Dec. [Hassler] n. 8306; patalis albis, [Hassler] n. 8306a. Lectotype (selected by Soria & Zardini, 1991: ) G; isotypes: G 3, P.

Baccharis camporum DC. f. glaucescens (Chod. & Hassl.) Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 133 (1916).

Baccharis glaucescens (Chod. & Hassl.) Soria & Zardini, Candollea 46: 539 (1991).

Baccharis rotundifolia Spreng. f. subcuneata Malme, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 12(2): 81 (1933). Type: [Brazil:] Turma 2313/409 ([Dusn] n. 7985). Hab. in campo. Holotype: S; isotype: G.

Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.

M ller (2006) sank all of the variation of this taxon under the name B. sessiliflora noting only that the narrow-leaved plants were recognized by de Candolle as B. camporum, stating variation in leaf shape and margin type as the reason. This will need checking again.

Baccharis sessilifolia Vahl var. stuckertii (Heering) Cabrera, Revista Mus. La Plata, Secc. Bot. 17: 117 (1941) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis solomonii H. Rob. Phytologia, 65(1): 40 (1988) = Baccharis saliens Rusby var. solomonii (H. Rob.) Joch. Mller

*Baccharis spartea sensu auctt. non Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur : 114 (1845) [According to M ller (2006: 307) all reports of this species are apparently based on misidentified collections of Baccharis subalata].

Baccharis speciosa DC., Prodr. 5: 399 (1836) = Baccharis pedunculata (Mill.) Cabrera

Baccharis splendens Heering, Schriften Naturwiss. Vereins Schleswig-Holstein 13: 48 (1904) = Baccharis pedunculata (Mill.) Cabrera

*Baccharis sternbergiana Steud., Nomencl. (ed. 2) 1: 179 (1840) = Baccharis gnidiifolia Kunth

*Baccharis sternbergiana Steud. var. pubescens Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 225 (1913) = Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.

*Baccharis subalata Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 174 (1856). Type: Hab. Bolivie: parties lev es de la Cordillre de Sorata! (Wedd.). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 212): Weddell, s.n., P ♂; isotype: P ♀ and F.

Baccharis spartea sensu auctt. non Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur : 114 (1845).

var. subalata

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Peru.

Romerillo, Thola (Mller, 2006).

var. vargasii Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 214 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Santa Cruz: Prov. Caballero, 1 km E Siberia, 3000-3-5- m, 1749S, 6445W, 26 Jul 1996, C, Vargas et al. 5043. Holotype: NY; isotype: USZ.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz).

China thola, Thola, Thola del monte (Mller, 2006).

Baccharis subcapitata Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 85 91848) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis subdentata DC., Prodr. 5: 408 (1836) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis subdentata DC. var. incogitata Teodoro, Contr. Inst. Geobiol. 3: 8 (1954) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis subopposita DC., Prodr. 5: 413 (1836) = Baccharis tridentata Vahl

Baccharis subopposita DC. var. affinis (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 91 (1882) = Baccharis tridentata Vahl

*Baccharis subpenninervis Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 81 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 532 (Feb. 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 183) collections under this name are Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. and Baccharis pentlandii DC. ssp. pentlandii according to M ller (2006: 299).

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. borealis Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 107 (1916) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. nana Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 106 (1916) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. pseudulicina Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 106 (1916) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis subpingraea Heering f. punctulata Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 108 (1916) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

Baccharis subrufescens Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 136 (1916) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis subsculpta Hochr., Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6(21): 292 (1910) = Baccharis pulchella Sch.Bip. ex Griseb.

*Baccharis syncephala Sch.Bip. ex Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 386 (1907) = Baccharis platypoda DC.

Baccharis tafiensis Heering, Jahrb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 151 (1916) = Baccharis tola Phil.

Baccharis thujoides (Lam.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807) = Loricaria thujoides (Lam.) Sch.Bip.

Baccharis tola Phil., Fl. Atacam. : 30 (1860); Reise Atacama: 204 (1860). Types: [Chile:] Prope Agua de Profetas 2445' lat. m. et 9000 p. s. m., Agua de Varas 2438' lat.m. et 9700 p. s. m. Puquios 2350' lat.m. 11000 p. s. m. etc.; incolis Tola. Lectotype (selected by Hellwig, 1990: 324): Agua de Varas etc. Jan 1854 Desertum Atacama - SGO-60835.

Baccharis tafiensis Heering, Jahrb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 151 (1916). Type: [Argentina: ] Tucuman: Dep. Tafi, Cerro Muoz, zwischen Felsen, 3800 bis 4000 m . d. M. (Lillo n. 7418 27. Jan. 1908, F in Blte; n. 4193 23. Febr. 1905, ♀ in Frucht); ohne n here Angabe (G. A. Baer n. 137 1902, ♀ in Blte). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 87): Lillo 4193 HBG.

ssp. tola

var. tola

Chile, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Oruro, Potos, Tarija), Argentina.

var. viscosissima (Kuntze) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 91 (2006)

Baccharis magellanica (Lam.) Pers. var. viscosissima Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 133 (1898). Type: Atacamawste: Conchi. [Chile. Atacamaw ste, Conchi, Mar 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 327]. Holotype: NY (162267); isotype: US (701091).

Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. altiplanicolia F. H. Hellwig, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Mnchen 29: 333 (1990). Type: [Chile:] I. Region: Weg von Pica zum Salar de Huasco, kurz hinter der Pa hhe, nahe der Kreuzung mit der Stra e nach Ollage, 4000 m, 19.4.1986, HELLWIG 5660. Holotype: M; isotypes: SGO, Herb. Hellwig.

Argentina, Bolivia (Potos ), Chile.

ssp. santelicis (Phil.) Joch. Mller (Chile).

var. incarum (Wedd.) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 93 (2006).

*Baccharis microphylla Kunth var. b incarum Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 170 (1856). Types: Hab. Venezuela (b?): Sierra nevada de Merida, h. 3000 m. (Funck et Schlim., exsicc., n. 1154). Prou (b): Cordill re de Tacora! (Wedd.). Bolivie (b): trs r pandu sur les collines arides des hauts plateaux, entre Potosi et La Paz!, ainsi quau voisinage du lac de Titicaca!, prs Tiaguanaco, etc. (dOrbigny, Pentland, Wedd., etc.). Lectotype (effectively selected by Cuatrecasas, 1963: 7 see note): P; isolectotypes: F, P. NB. Cuatrecasas (1963: 7) actually stated The type (P) was collected by Weddell in the Cordillera de Tacora, Peru. Paratypes came from Potosi, La Paz, Lago Titicaca near Tioguanaco (collect. Weddell, Orbigny, Pentland). ; his use of the term paratypes was incorrect, since at the time Weddell had not asigned a type! Cuatrecasas (1967b: 6), in citing type material of this name, stated Weddell 4092. Potos, Bolivia, vulgo tola퓔, P, holotypus (lectotypus); P, F, isotypi. Weddell s.n. in declivibus prope vicum Tiaguanaco et in planitiae frigidae circa lacum Titicaca 8-X-1851 (P, paratipi, tres pliegos, en uno hay los dibujos originales de las ilustraciones de Weddell). No other mention is made of dOrbigny, or Pentland collections as types (by Cuatrecasas, 1967, or by Mller, 2006) although Pentland 12 (P), Pentland 53 (6 duplicates in P) and Pentland s.n. (P) are mentioned by Cuatrecasas (1967b: 67), along with dOrbigny 1380 (P), 1388 (P) and 1398 (P).

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Perkins, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 224 (1913). With the exception of Pentland 12 (which was determined as B. linearifolia ssp. polycephala) M ller (2006) noted all these collections under var. incarum.

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., 31, Beih. 3: 153 (1916). comb. illegit., superfl.

Baccharis incarum (Wedd.) Cuatrec., Phytologia 9: 7 (1963), comb. illegit. superfl.

Baccharis magellanica (Lam.) Pers. var. subviscosa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 133 (1898). Types: Argentina: Nevado del Castillo in provinz Salta (113 Lorentz & Hieronymus). Bolivia: 4000 m Machacamarga. Chile: Rio Quino. [Argentina. Prov. Salta, Nevado del Castillo, 1925 Mar 1873, P.G.Lorentz & G. Hieronymus 113. Bolivia. Machacamarga, 4000 m, 13 Mar 1892, Kuntze s.n. Chile. Rio Quino, 17 Feb 1892, Kuntze s.n. according to Wetter & Zanoni, 1985: 326]. Lectotype (selected by Cuatrecasas, 1967b: 7): Bolivia: 4000 m Machacamarga Kuntze, s.n. F-297261; isolectotype: NY-162265.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potos, Tarija), Chile.

Choqo thola, Khachu chua chua, aca thola, Sauco, Thola (Mller, 2006).

var. chrysophylla (F. H. Hellwig) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 96 (2006).

Baccharis santelicis Phil. ssp. chrysophylla F. H. Hellwig, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Mnchen 29: 318 (1990). Type: [Chile:] I. Region, de Tarapac , Weg von Zapahuira zum Portezuelo de Chapiquia, 4300 m, 15.4.1986, HELLWIG 7957. Holotype: M; isotypes: SGO, Herb. Hellwig.

Bolivia (Oruro), Chile.

aca thola (Mller, 2006).

ssp. fimbriata Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 97 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Tarija: Prov. Avilez, altiplano beside the upper valley of Rio Rosario W Rosario, ca. 3800 m, 27 Feb 2002; ♀, Mller 9217. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, GH, LPB, MO, NY.

Bolivia (Oruruo, Tarija), Argentina.

Khatari thola (M ller, 2006).

Baccharis tola Phil. ssp. altiplanicolia F. H. Hellwig, Mitt. Bot. Staatsamm. Mnchen 29: 333 (1990) = Baccharis tola Phil ssp. tola var. viscossima (Kuntze) Joch. M ller

Baccharis tomentosa Thunb., Pl. Bras. Dec. 3: 38 (1821), non (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. (1807) = Gochnatia polymorpha (Less.) Cabrera

*Baccharis tomentosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(2): 424 (1807) [According to Mller (2006, 307), material cited by Mandon (1865), and repeated by Foster (1958) is referrable to Baccharis quitensis].

Baccharis torricoi Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 228 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Potos: Prov. Sul Chichas, Sillar Loma W Tupiza, ca. 3750 m, 2127S, 6549W, 15 Feb 2002, ♀ and F, Mller 9020. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, E, G, GH, GOET, HBG, L, LPB, M, MICH, MO, NY, P, UPS.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, Potos , Tarija).

Maskia (Mller, 2006).

*Baccharis trichoclada DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker

Baccharis tricuneata (L.f.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 424 (1807). [According to M ller (2006: 307) material cited from Bolivia by Cuatrecasas (1969) under the two following names is referrable to other taxa, including B. caespitosa, B. linearifolia ssp. polycephala, B. papillosa ssp. integrifolia and B. tola var. incarum]

Baccharis tricuneata (L.f.) Pers. var. minifolia Cuatrec., Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 217 (1969) = Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. caespitosa

Baccharis tricuneata (L.f.) Pers. var. ruiziana Cuatrec., Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 13(50): 214 (1969) (based on Molina prostrata Ruiz & Pav.) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

*Baccharis tridentata Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 98 (1794). Type: Habitat in Brasilia L. [Uruguay: Montevideo, Commerson s.n., C and ♂] Holotype: C, ♂; isotypes: G, P-218308, P-LAM.

Baccharis affinis DC., Prodr. 5: 413 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Sancti-Pauli et Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. ♂ sub n. 487 et 398, ♀ sub n. 969 miss.). Syntypes: P; isosyntypes: ґMus. imp. Bras. 398 [fragments], Mus. imp. Bras. 969 G-DC. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 132): Sellow s.n. [M. I. B. 969] P; isolectotype: G-DC.

Baccharis subopposita DC., Prodr. 5: 413 (1836). Types: L in Brasiliae prov. Rio-Grande. ... (v.s. in h. Mus. reg. Par. Mus. imp. Bras. sub n. 978 et verisim. 949 miss.). Syntypes: P; isosyntype: (Mus. imp. Bras. 978), G-DC. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 132): Sellow d1883 [M.I.B. 978] P; isolectotype: G-DC.

Baccharis subopposita DC. var. affinis (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 91 (1882).

Baccharis tridentata Vahl var. subopposita (DC.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Buenos Aires 6: 130 (1963).

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Orkho thola, Thola romero (M ller, 2006).

*Baccharis tridentata Vahl [var.] [b]? pluridentata DC., Prodr. 5: 409 (1836) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis tridentata Vahl var. subopposita (DC.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Buenos Aires 6: 130 (1963) = Baccharis tridentata Vahl

Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC., Prodr. 5: 425 (1836) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. crispa (Spreng.) Joch. Mller

*Baccharis trinervis Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 423 (1807), based on Conyza trinervis Lam.

Conyza trinervis Lam., Encycl. 2: 85 (1786), non Conyza trinervia Miller (1768) (= ). Type: Cette plante a t d couverte au Brsil par M. Commerson. (v.s.). Holotype: P-LA (♂) (313/8); isotypes: G-DC, P-218216, P-LA.

Heterothalamus trinervis (Pers.) Hook, & Arn., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3(No. 17): 43 (1840).

Pseudobaccharis trinervis (Pers.) V. M. Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 306 (1946).

Psila trinervis (Pers.) Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 5(4): 211 (1955).

Baccharis laxa Gardner, London J. Bot. 4: 121 (1845). Type: [Brazil:] 钑Hab. Woods, Organ Mountains, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. Fl. April. [Gardner] 497. Holotype: BM; isotypes: G, P 2. [as cited by Mller]

var. debilis (Rusby) Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Mongr. 76: 172 (2006).

*Baccharis debilis Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6(1): 60 (1896). Type: [Bolivia:] Between Guanai and Tipuani, April-June, 1892 ([Bang] 1457). Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 172): NY-162226 (F); isotypes: E, G 3, GH 2, HBG (frag.), M, MICH, NY-162225, US, W, Z (000003076).

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, El Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela.

var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 73 (1882).

*Baccharis rhexioides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 66 (1818). Type: Crescit in Andibus Peruvianorum juxta Montan, alt. 1400 hex. L Floret Augusto. Holotype: P-Bonpl; isotypes: B-W-15571-1, P-218218.

Molina rhexioides (Kunth) Less., Linnaea 6: 406 (1831).

Pseudobaccharis rhexioides (Kunth) V. M. Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 306 (1946).

Baccharis venusta Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 66 (1818). Type: [Venezuela:] ᒑCrescit in Nova Andalusia juxta coenobium Caripense; item in sylvis Orinocensibus. L Floret Julio, Septembri. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 169): P-Bonpl.

Baccharis divergens DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836). Type: L in Mexico ex h. Haenke. ... (v.s. C in h. Haenke cl. de Sternberg comm.). Holotype: PR; isotype: G-DC.

Baccharis oxyphylla DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836). Type: L? in Peruvi legit cl. Poeppig (pl. exs. n. 24). ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC; isotype: P.

*Baccharis trichoclada DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836). Type: ⒑L in Mexico ex herb. Haenke. ... (v.s. in h. Haenk. cl. de Sternberg miss.). Holotype: PR; isotype: G-DC.

Baccharis eggersii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28(5): 588 (1901). Types: ґEcuador: crescit prope Hacienda El Recreo prov. Manabi (Eggers n. 14919; 27. Jun. 1893); in campis sbanas dictis prope Balao (Eggers n. 14341, Jan. et 19. Mart. 1892). Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 169): Eggers 14341, M; isolectotypes: L 2; isosyntype of Eggers 14919, S.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Paraguay, Peru, Mexico, Venezuela.

Bejuco hoja de olivo, Chilca blanca, Laurel olivo, Paisane macho, Yetsacdyes (Mller, 2006).

*Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3(No. 17): 34 (1841). Types: [Argentina:] Sides of the mountain St Xavier, Tucuman, just above the woods. Tweedie (n. 1099 and 1184)., also mentioned is an unnamed, unranked b Wood-sides of Tucuman. Tweedie (n. 1192). Syntypes: K. Lectotype (selected by M ller, 2006: 54): Tweedie 1199 K (with the note that the protologue citation of 1099 was in error).

Baccharis myrtilloides Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 176 (1874); Pl. Lorentz. : 128 (1874) . Types: [Argentina:] Tucuman, in Cuesta de Juntas, ubi ad verticem usque integra format fruticeta. Catamarca, frequens in convalle excelsa Granadillas pr. Belen. Syntypes: Lorentz 130, 553, GOET. Lectotype (selected by Mller, 2006: 54): Lorentz 553 [f], GOET; isolectotype G.

Baccharis myrtilloides Griseb. f. angustifolia Heering, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 31, Beih. 3: 128 (1916). Type: [Argentina:] C rdoba: San Miguel (Stuckert n. 8748). Holotype: HBG.

Bacchris tucamanensis Hook.f. & Arn. var. myrtilloides (Griseb.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 221 (1978).

Baccharis tucumanensis Hooh.f. & Arn. var. angustifolia (Heering) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 223 (1978).

Bolivia (Tarija), Argentina.

Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn. var. angustifolia (Heering) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 223 (1978) = Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn.

Bacchris tucamanensis Hook. & Arn. var. myrtilloides (Griseb.) Cabrera, Fl. Prov. Jujuy 10: 221 (1978) = Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3(No. 17): 38 (1840). Type: [Argentina:] Woods of Cordova ([Tweedie] n. 1123), and in N. Patagonia; Lectotype (selected by Giuliano, 2005: , as holotype): Tweedie 1123 K.

Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn. [var.] b humilis Hook. & Arn., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3(No. 17): 38 (1840). Type: [Argentina:] dry bare places of the Pampas (n. 1118). Tweedie. Holotype: K.

Vittadinia multifida Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 171 (1874); Pl. Lorentz. : 123 (1874). Type: [Argentina:] Cordoba, ad ripam fl. Rio Primero pr. urbem. Holotype: GOET.

Baccharis pinnatifida Klatt, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 327 (1881). Type: [Argentina:] Crescit in Patagonia, leg. A. dOrbigny No. 264. Holotype: P; isotype: W. [Note: the protologue description appears on p. 7 of the pre/re print in K.]

*Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn. var. multifida (Griseb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 135 (1898).

Neomolina ulicina (Hook. & Arn.) F. H. Hellwig, Candollea 48: 213 (1993).

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Potos, Santa Cruz, Tarija).

Suico suico (M ller, 2006).

*Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn. var. multifida (Griseb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 135 (1898) = Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis ulicina Hook. & Arn. [var.] b subintegrifolia Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 135 (1898) = Baccharis darwinii Hook. & Arn.

Baccharis varians Gardner, London J. Bot. 7: 84 (1848) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers. sensu Mller (2006)

Baccharis venosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 425 (1807) = Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. ssp. genistelloides

Baccharis venulosa DC., Prodr. 5: 421 (1836) = Baccharis oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. sensu M ller (2006)

Baccharis venusta Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 66 (1818) = Baccharis trinervis Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker

Baccharis vernicoso-splendida Herzog, Veg. Erde 15: 176 (1923), nom. nud. = Baccharis pentlandii DC. ssp. pentlandii

Baccharis viminea DC., Prodr. 5: 400 (1836) = Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Baccharis viscosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891), non B. viscosa Lam. (1783) = Baccharis glutinosa Pers.

*Baccharis viscosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze var. nigricans Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891). Cited by Foster (1958: 204) but not mentioned by Mller (2006), nor Wetter & Zanoni (1985).

*Baccharis vitis-idaea Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 135 (1989) = Baccharis papillosa Rusby ssp. papillosa

Baccharis woodii Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 236 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. Potos: Prov. Saavedra, Millares-Pampa Soico, ca. 2300 m, 1925S, 6511W, 17 Mar 2002, C and F, M ller 9366. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, E, G, GH, GOET, HBG, LPB, M, MICH, MO, NY, P, UPS.

Bolivia (Potos).

Baccharis xerophila Mart., Flora 24, Beibl. 2: 11 (1841) = Baccharis linearifolia (Lam.) Pers.

Baccharis zongoensis Joch. M ller, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 76: 242 (2006). Type: BOLIVIA. La Paz: Prov. Murillo valley of Rio Zongo ca. 3 km NNE Botijlaca, ca. 3250 m, 1610S, 6808W, 21 Aug 1999, ♀, Mller & Ortu o 7434. Holotype: JE; isotypes: BR, LPB, NY.

Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz).

Baccharoides brachylepis (Sch.Bip. ex Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891) = Centratherum punctatum Cass. ssp. punctatum

Baccharoides holtonii (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891) = Centratherum punctatum Cass. ssp. punctatum

Baccharoides muticum (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891) = Centratherum punctatum Cass. ssp. punctatum

Baccharoides punctatum (Cass.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891) = Centratherum punctatum Cass. ssp. punctatum

Baccharoides violaceum (Schrank) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 320 (1891) = Centratherum punctatum Cass. ssp. punctatum

Bahia neo-mexicana (A. Gray) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: 27 (1883) = Schkuhria multiflora Hook. & Arn.

Balbisia canescens Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 407 (1807) = Tridax procumbens L.

Balbisia divaricata Cass., Ann. Sci. Nat. 23: 90 (1831) = Tridax procumbens L.

Balbisia elongata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2214 (1803) = Tridax procumbens L.

Balbisia pedunculata Ortega ex O. Hoffm., Verz. Pfl. : 228 (1824), nom. illegit. = Tridax procumbens L.