This page has been extracted from PDF and some formating may have been lost.
To see the original document click here


Achyrocline (Less.) DC., Prodr. 6: 119 (1838).

Gnaphalium L. subgen. Achyrocline Less., Syn. Gen. Comp. : 332 (1832).

Type: Gnaphalium saturejoides Lam. = Achyrocline saturejoides (Lam.) DC.

References

Dillon, M. O. & A. Sagstegui-Alva. (1991). Achyrocline. In: J. F. Macbride & collab., Flora of Peru, Family Asteraceae: Part V. Fieldiana, Bot. n.s. 26 (1422): 39.

Freire, S. E. (1995). Tribu IV. Inuleae. In: A. T. Hunziker et al., Flora fanerog mica Argentina, 280. Asteraceae, parte 2. Fasc. 14. ProFlora CONICET. pp. 160.

Giangualani, R. N. (1976). Las especies argentinas del gnero Achyrocline (Compositae). Darwiniana 20: 549576.

*Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 6: 221 (1838).

Gnaphalium rufescens Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 61 (1818). Type: [Colombia:] -'Crescit cum prcedente ? L q.v.''Crescit in temperatis Regni Novo-Granatensis inter fluvium Putes et villam San Miguel, alt. 800 hex. L Floret Septembri. Holotype: P-Bonpl.

*Gnaphalium alatum Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 62 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit cum prcedente. K [Humboldt & Bonpland ''n. 3243. Alausi] q.v. Crescit in Regno Quitensi inter pagum Ticsan et urbem Alausi, alt. 1250 hex. K Floret Julio. Holotype: P-Bonpl.

Gnaphalium incanum Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 62 (1818). Type: Crescit locis frigidis Peruvi juxta urbem Micuipampa in radicibus montis metalliferi Gualgayoc, alt. 1830 hex. K Floret Augusto. [Humbold & Bonpland ''n. 3680. Micuipampa] Holotype: P-Bonpl.

*Achyrocline rufescens (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838).

Achyrocline vautheriana DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838). Type: K in Brasiliae prov. Minarum Generalium ad Tejuco legit cl. Vauthier pl. exs. n. 300. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

Achyrocline argentina O. Hoffm., Linnaea 43(2): 135 (1881). Type: not cited.

Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC. var. vautheriana (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 117 (1882).

Achyrocline flavescens Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 19([1]): 181 (1874); Pl. Lorentz.: 133 (1874). Types: Tucuman, in pratis montanis Cuesta de Siambon, Cienaga. (Peruvia pr. Tabina: Lechl.[er] pl. peruv. 1909). Syntypes: GOET.

Argentina, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay.

Chuquisaca: Wood 8210, 3.4.1994 (K); Wood 8331, 24.4.1994 (K)

La Paz: Fuentes et al. 4734, 30 June 2002 (K).

Yate-ka . (Freire, 1995); Marcela brasilera, Yat ca , Yate ca , Yate ca ete (Freire et al., 2006).

Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC. var. vautheriana (DC.) Baker in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 117 (1882) = Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC.

Achyrocline argentina O. Hoffm., Linnaea 43(2): 135 (1881) = Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC.

*Achyrocline candicans (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 6: 221 (1838) = Achyrocline saturejoides (Lam.) DC.

*Achyrocline celosioides (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 6: 221 (1838).

Gnaphalium celosioides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (ed. folio): 61 (1818). Type: Crescit juxta Loxam Peruvianorum, alt. 1060 hex. L Floret Julio. Holotype: P-Bonpl.

?Bolivia (La Paz), Peru.

Note: this species was included in Fosters list (Foster, 1958) based on a Bang collection (Bang 2022) attributed to this species by Rusby (1907: 387), but with some doubt.

Achyrocline citrina Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 187 (1879); Symb. Fl. Argent. : 187 (1879) = Achyrocline flaccida (Weinm.) DC.

Achyrocline flaccida (Weinm.) DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838).

Gnaphalium flaccidum Weinm., Flora 3(2): 610 (1820). Type: L. In Brasilia D. Langsdorff. Holotype: possibly LE.

Achyrocline citrina Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 187 (1879); Symb. Fl. Argent. : 187 (1879). Type: S.: pr. Yacone.. Holotype: GOET. Note: Anderberg et al. (1996: 3) listed a type Argentina, Salta. Lorentz & Hieronymus s.n., III 1843. in S.

Achyrocline saturejoides (Lam.) DC. var. albicans Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 187 (March-April 1879); Symb. Fl. Argent.: 187 (1879). Type: J. Holotype: GOET.

Argentina, Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Brazil, Paraguay.

Note: This species is recorded for Bolivia by Freire & Nieva (1998: 16). The synonymy reflects Giangualanis addition of A. saturejoides var. albicans as a synonym of A. citrina which she recognized as a separate species (Giangualani, 1976), and Freire (1995) who synonymized them with A. flaccida.

Marcela, Vira-vira (Freire, 1998); Falso yate caa, Marcela, Marcela hembra, Marcela macho, Vira-vira (Freire et al., 2006)..

Achyrocline flavescens Griseb., Abh. K nigl. Ges. Wiss. Gttingen 19([1]): 181 (1874); Pl. Lorentz.: 133 (1874) = Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC.

*Achyrocline hyperchlora S. F. Blake, Bot. Gaz. 74: 415 (1922). Type: Bolivia. Cochabamba, March 14, 1920, E.W.D. and M.M. Holway 406.'. Holotype: US (1058598).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba), Peru.

*Achyrocline latifolia Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 148 (1856). Type: Hab. Bolivie: dpartement de Tarija, sur les berges humides de la c te de Calama, dans la descente de la puna dIscaiachi! (Wedd.). Holotype: P.

Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija).

*Achyrocline polycephala Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 388 (1907) = Achyrocline tomentosa Rusby

*Achyrocline ramosissima Britton ex Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3(3): 57 (1893). Type: [Bolivia:] Vic. Cochabamba, 1891 ([Bang] 99). Holotype: NY. Note: Rusby (1893) referred to the place at which Britton proposed a combination based on Schultz Bipontinus nom. nud., Gnaphalium (Achyrocline) ramosissimum (based on Mandon 157).

Gnaphalium ramosissimum Sch.Bip., Bonplandia 4(4): 54 (1856), nom. nud. non Nutt. (1848) (= Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum (Nutt.) Anderb.)

Gnaphalium (Achyrocline) ramosissimum Sch.Bip., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 80 (1865); Linnaea 34(5): 532 (Feb 1866), nom. nud. (based on Mandon 157).

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija).

*Achyrocline rufescens (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838) = Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC.

*Achyrocline saturejoides (Lam.) DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838).

Gnaphalium saturejoides Lam., Encycl. 2: 747 (1786). Type: Commerson a trouv cette plante Monte Video. L. (v.s.). Holotype: P-LA (323/12).

Gnaphalium candicans Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 4 (ed. folio): 62 (1818). Type: [Ecuador:] Crescit in Regno Quitensi inter pagum Ticsan et urbem Alausi, alt. 1250 hex. K Floret Julio. [Humboldt & Bonpland n. 3244. Alausi]. Holotype: P-Bonpl.

Achyrocline vargasiana DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838). Type: [Venezuela:] L circ Caracas legit cl. Jos. Vargas. ... (v.s.). Holotype: G-DC.

*Achyrocline candicans (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 6: 221 (1838).

*Gnaphalium satureioides Lam. var. candicans (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 153 (1898).

Argentina, Bolvia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venzuela.

Wood 8290, 11.4.1994 (K).

Marcela; Vir -vir guaz ; alquitrn (Freire, 1995); Marcela manzanilla (Freire, 1998); Alquitr n, Marcela, Marcela del campo, Marcela hembra, Marcela manzanilla, Marcelita, Pag(a)r Laur , Planta de la abeja, Vir-vir guaz, Yate ca, Yate caa, Yate ca estero (Freire et al., 2006).

Achyrocline saturejoides (Lam.) DC. var. albicans Griseb., Abh. Knigl. Ges. Wiss. G ttingen 24(1): 187 (March-April 1879); Symb. Fl. Argent.: 187 (1879) = Achyrocline flaccida (Weinm.) DC.

*Achyrocline tomentosa Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 388 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] A small plant, a few feet high, with white flowers; rather scarce in very dry soil on rocks. Coripata, April 10, 1894. ([Bang] No. 2124.) Holotype: NY; isotype: US.

Achyrocline polycephala Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4(14): 388 (1907). Type: [Bolivia:] In dry gravelly soil, climbing 5 or 6 feet, the flowers white. Coroico, July 11, 1894. ([Bang] No. 2336.) Holotype: NY; isotypes: US.

Argentina, Bolivia (Santa Cruz).

Achyrocline vargasiana DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838) = Achyrocline saturejoides (Lam.) DC.

*Achyrocline vautheriana DC., Prodr. 6: 220 (1838) = Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC.

*Achyrocline venosa Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3(3): 57 (1893). Type: [Bolivia:] Vic. Cochabamba, 1891. Specimen unique, sent as part of [Bang] 99. May be called [Bang] 99a. At first regarded as Gnaphalium. Holotype: NY.

Argentina, Bolivia (Cochabamba), Paraguay, Venezuela. Distribution provided in Freire & Nieva (1998: 19).

Vira-vira chaco, Vira-vira guasu (Freire, 1998).

Achyropappus neo-mexicana (A. Gray) Rydb., Fl. Colorado : 377 (1906) = Schkuhria multiflora Hook. & Arn.

Achyropappus schkuhrioides D. Don ex Hook. & Arn., non A. schkurioides Link & Otto (1829) = Schkuhria multiflora Hook. & Arn.

Achyrophorus Adans. sect. II. Oreophila (D. Don) DC., Prodr. 7: 93 (1838) = Hypochaeris L.

Achyrophorus acaulis Remy in Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 448 (late 1847 or early 1849) = Hypochaeris acaulis (Remy) Britton

Achyrophorus albiflorus Sch.Bip., Jahresber. Pollichia 16/17: 52 (1859) = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus brasiliensis (Less.) Sch.Bip., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 21: 106 (1845) = Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Hieron.

Achyrophorus chilensis Sch.Bip., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 21: 104 (1845) = Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Hieron.

Achyrophorus chillensis (Kunth) Sch.Bip., Jahresber. Pollichia 16/17: 57 (1859) = Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Hieron.

Achyrophorus elatus Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 220 (1857) = Hypochaeris elata (Wedd.) Griseb.

Achyrophorus eriolaenus Sch.Bip., Jahresber. Pollichia 16/17: 47 (1859) = Hypochaeris eriolaena (Sch.Bip.) Reiche

Achyrophorus humboltdii Sch.Bip., Jahresber. Pollichia 16/17: 52 (1859) = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus meyenianus (Meyen & Walp.) Walp., Rep. 6: 336 (1846-47) = Hypochaeris meyeniana (Meyen & Walp.) Griseb.

Achyrophorus meyenianus Walp. var. b ciliata Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 220 (1857) = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus quitensis Sch.Bip., Nov. Actorum Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 21: 100 (1845), nom. nud. = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus quitensis Sch.Bip. ex Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 219 (1957), nom. illegit. superfl. = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus quitensis Sch.Bip. var. b sonchoides (Kunth) Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 219 (1857) = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus sagittatus Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 178 (1870) = Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Hieron.

Achyrophorus sessiliflorus (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 7: 95 (1838) = Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth

Achyrophorus setosus Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 220 (1857) = Hypochaeris echegarayi Hieron.

Achyrophorus stenocephalus A. Gray ex Wedd., Chloris Andina 1: 221 (1857), nom. nud. = Hypochaeris stenocephala Kuntze

Achyrophorus taraxacifolius (as taraxacoides [sic!]) (Meyen & Walp.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 6: 336 (1846/47), orth. error in comb. pro Oreophila taraxacifolia Meyen & Walp., non (Salzm.) Sch.Bip. (1845)(= Hypochaeris cretensis (L.) Bory & Chaub., a plant from Corsica) = Hypochaeris stenocephala Kuntze

Acilepidopsis H. Rob., Phytologia 67: 289 (1989) = Vernonia Schreb.

Acilepidopsis echitifolia (Mart. ex DC.) H. Rob., Phytologia 67: 291 (1989) = Vernonia echitifolia Mart. ex DC.