The Lamiaceae include many well-known plants, herbs, shrubs and trees of horticultural or economic importance. These range from tall timber trees such as the Teak (Tectona grandis) to the many aromatic and medicinal or culinary species such as Sage (Salvia), Thyme (Thymus), Mint (Mentha), Oregano or Marjoram (Origanum), Rosemary (Rosmarinus), Lavender (Lavandula), basils (Ocimum) and patchouli (Pogostemon).
Well-known ornamental genera include Bugle (Ajuga), sages (Salvia), yellow-flowered Jerusalem Sage (Phlomis), catmint (Nepeta), "Coleus" (Plectranthus), and in gardens of the tropics Clerodendrum). Many of these and other genera are also important bee plants, providing the nectar and pollen to support bee colonies and provide honey.
The essential oils (secreted from glands on the leaves and stems) are commercially extracted from many species. Menthol is one of the most important, being used in medicine and for flavouring. Thymol, extracted from Thyme, is also used medicinally, as a very powerful antiseptic.
Further information about the uses Lamiaceae can be found by searching the SEPASAL database.