Why are the seeds of this species difficult? The seeds may have physical dormancy, which can be overcome by scarifying the seed coat to allow water uptake and encourage germination.
Malva verticillata (Image: S. Wood, RBG Kew)
This species has Orthodox seeds - dry to 15-20% eRH and store at -20ºC, or as cool as possible.
Germinate on agar, germination paper or sand at 20ºC.
The seeds of this species may be Physically Dormant (based on other species in same genus). If germination is low, try removing the seed covering structures and chipping the seed coat before sowing.
(Image: S. Wood, RBG Kew)
See more images of this species at the Digital Seed Atlas of the Netherlands.
Accepted name: Malva verticillata L.
Synonyms: Malva meluca Graebn. ex P. Medw.
Common name: Chinese mallow, farmer's tobacco, large whorl mallow
References and Links
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (1994). Genebank Standards. FAO/IPGRI, Rome, Italy.
- AFPD (African Flowering Plants Database) - Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève, Switzerland, and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, RSA: Malva verticillata.
- SID (Seed Information Database) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK: Malva verticillata.
- Tropicos - Missouri Botanical Garden, USA: Malva verticillata.