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Checklist of the Compositae of Bolivia

Providing an updated, fully synonymized, annotated checklist of the Compositae of Bolivia, available online and in print


D J Nicholas Hind
Bidens gardneri and butterfly - Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Amongst the Andean countries, Bolivia clearly stands out as having a relatively poorly known phanerogamic flora and no current checklist. The last complete listing of the known ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia was Foster’s Catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia (1958). Clearly a modern checklist of the family – as a precursor to a flora – is highly desirable. The project was developed in order to address this need.

An updated, synonymized Preliminary Annotated Checklist of the Compositae of Bolivia is now available online. The Checklist is based on Foster’s Catalogue and subsequent (continuing) literature survey, together with additional herbarium work undertaken whilst naming many recent J.R.I. Wood collections. It does not yet represent a complete herbarium survey. Currently, 13 tribes are represented by 1078 species in 229 genera with an estimated 301 endemic species, which is equivalent to 28% endemism. Keys to tribes, genera, and in some cases taxa within genera, are provided.

Foster’s list has been augmented using a number of accounts of collectors’ itineraries and determinations of their collections. The few available tribal revisions, with their accompanying nomenclators, have been abstracted, these providing confirmation of the presence of many taxa. Revisions and accounts of Bolivian plants, and papers on historical collections and types, have also been abstracted.

Tribal, generic and species concepts are those currently accepted by the author (following a new arrangement of the Compositae in K). The fully cross-referenced list includes as complete a (global) synonymy of the accepted names as possible. To the list was added a number of names based on the determination of many hundreds of Compositae collections made over the last 15 years throughout the country by J.R.I. Wood et al. An attempt has been made to provide geographical, ecological and phytosociological information, together with altitudinal ranges and flowering times, for as many taxa as possible. This is an ongoing process: the Checklist is now available in its second version and will continue to be revised as research progresses.

The outputs of the project (e.g. descriptions of new taxa, resolutions of nomenclatural problems) are being published in peer-reviewed journals. Emendments and amendments are being made available to the International Plant Names Index, as all aspects of the publication of the names involved have been checked against the Code for validity and legitimacy. The results will eventually be fed into the Global Compositae Checklist ( (version 1 has already been made available), The Plant ListTarget1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation – Global Checklists and Missouri Botanical Garden’s proposed Checklist of [the Flora of] Bolivia (

Key papers published since 2006

Project partners and collaborators


Herbario Nacional de Bolivia (LPB), Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz

Project funders


Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Bentham-Moxon Trust