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Pavlik, Bruce Michael

Job title: 

Head of Restoration Ecology

Jodrell Laboratory
Restoration Ecology
Joined Kew: 


Foreign languages: 

Spanish (basic)

Qualifications and appointments: 
  • Ph.D. Department of Botany, University of California at Davis, l982
  • M.S. Department of Botany, University of California at Davis, l979
  • B.A.(Hons.) Department of Biology, California State University at Northridge, l975

To establish a cross-departmental programme in restoration ecology. At present there are three 'pillars' under development: 

  1. a long-term, collaborative project that brings together Kew scientists and research partners from other institutions

  2. a robust, global alliance of botanic gardens that perform restoration on degraded ecosystems

  3. demonstration projects on grounds at Kew and Wakehurst Place that demonstrate the principles and practice of ecological restoration to the general public

My own research has focused on how to create or enhance plant populations in situ by understanding  founding events and their demographic consequences. Dispersal, gene pool formation, reproduction and seed bank dynamics are central to restoration, but greatly challenged by environmental stochasticity and the limitations imposed by human conservation institutions. My work has followed this arc, from academic research to institutional “coaching”, attempting to generate a synergy that provides demonstrable benefits to plant species instead of filing file cabinets with unused data or adding pages to journals. Recent projects have emphasized the design, establishment and manipulation of populations and natural communities using field-based, experimental approaches within the context of a collaborative, decision-making framework (“adaptive management”). Most have been associated with grasslands and deserts, but unusual ecosystems (dunes, lakeshores, geothermal springs, serpentinite outcrops, vernal pools) have received special attention.

Selected publications: 

Hardwick, K.A., Fiedler. P., Lee, L.C., Pavlik, B., Hobbs, R.J., Aronson, J., Bidartondo,M., Black, B., Coates, D., Daws. M.I., Dixon, K., Elliott, S.,Ewing, K., Gann. G., Gibbons, D., Gratzfeld, J., Hamilton, M., Hardman, D., Harris, J., Holmes,P.M, Jones, M., Mabberley, D., Mackenzie, A., Magdalena, C., Marrs, R., Milliken, W., Mills,A., Nic Lughadha, E., Ramsay, M., Smith, P., Taylor, N., Trivedi, C., Way, M., Whaley, O. and S.D. Hopper (2011). The Role of Botanic Gardens in the Science and Practice of Ecological Restoration. Conservation Biology 25, 265-275.

McEachern, K., B.M. Pavlik, J. Rebman and R. Sutter. 2007. San Diego Multiple Species Conservation Program (MSCP) Rare Plant Monitoring Review and Revision. U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5016. 68 pp.

Breaux, A. S. Cochrane, J. Evens, M. Martindale, B. Pavlik, L. Suer and D. Benner. 2005. Wetland ecological and compliance assessments in the San Francisco Bay region, California, U.S.A. J. Environmental Management 74, 217-237.

Pavlik, B.M. (2003). Plants that protect ecosystems: A survey from California. Biodiversity and Conservation 12, 717-729.

Carlsen, T.M, E.K. Espeland and B.M. Pavlik. (2002). Reproductive ecology and the persistence of an endangered plant. Biodiversity and Conservation 11, 1247–1268.