Protecting coffee from the threat of extinction
Coffee is one of the world's favourite drinks and one of the most important commercial crops. It's also the second most valuable international commodity.
This award-nominated film shows how scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, are collaborating with scientists in Ethiopia (Arabica coffee originated from here) to understand how climate change is affecting wild Arabica coffee plants.
These wild plants provide the vital genetic diversity needed to sustain the global crop.
There are now 125 species of coffee, but we only use two of them to produce the drink we know and love; Robusta and Arabica.
Arabica coffee is considered to produce the finest coffee beans, this plant comes from Ethiopia but has been transported and grown across the world. Now climate change alone could lead to the extinction of wild Arabica coffee (coffea arabica) well before the end of this century.
Plants: From Roots to Riches
Plant Profile: Arabica coffee (Coffee arabica)
Coffee cultivation may have started in the sixth century in Yemen, its use being for spiritual purposes.
Coffee became a popular drink in Europe from the seventeenth century onwards, being imported from plantations established first by the Dutch in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Java, and later from plantations in Brazil and the West Indies established in the eighteenth century. Much of the world’s Arabica coffee is produced in Latin America.