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Zelkova carpinifolia (Caucasian elm)

A slow-growing tree native to southeast Europe and southwest Asia, Caucasian elm is cultivated for its unusual goblet-shaped outline and attractive autumn leaves.
Zelkova carpinifolia at Kew Gardens

Zelkova carpinifolia at Kew Gardens

Species information

Scientific name: 

Zelkova carpinifolia (Pall.) K.Koch

Common name: 

Caucasian elm, ironwood

Conservation status: 

Threatened (NT) according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Forest.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, timber.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Rosanae
Order: 
Rosales
Family: 
Ulmaceae
Genus: Zelkova

About this species

Caucasian elm is highly valued as an ornamental owing to its unusual outline, having a relatively short, wide trunk that divides into many ascending branches. It has been described as goblet-, vase- or broom-shaped. This unique tree is slow-growing but long-lived, and its girth increases markedly with age.

Caucasian elm is a member of the elm family (Ulmaceae) but Zelkova species differ from true elms (Ulmus species) in that their bark is smooth.

Genus: 
Zelkova

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