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Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime)

A giant among European trees, large-leaved lime can grow up to 35 m tall.
Large-leaved lime tree at Kew Gardens

Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime) at Kew Gardens

Species information

Scientific name: 

Tilia platyphyllos Scop.

Common name: 

large-leaved lime, broad-leaved lime, linden

Conservation status: 

Common and widely cultivated.


Woodlands on calcareous soils.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, timber, wood-carving.

Known hazards: 

None known.


Genus: Tilia

About this species

Despite the common name, lime trees (of the genus Tilia) are not related to the citrus fruit we know as a lime. All European species of Tilia are interfertile, meaning they can breed with each other, and natural hybrids are common, leading to difficulties in their identification. Large-leaved lime is one of the parents of the natural hybrid Tilia × europaea, which is widely cultivated and used as a street tree. Lime trees have fragrant flowers that are visited by bees.


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