Skip to main content
You are here
Facebook icon
Pinterest icon
Twitter icon

Taxodium distichum (bald cypress)

Bald cypress is an iconic tree that epitomizes the southeastern USA for residents and visitors alike.
Taxodium distichum (bald cypress) at Kew Gardens

Taxodium distichum (bald cypress) at Kew Gardens

Species information

Scientific name: 

Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.

Common name: 

bald cypress, swamp cypress

Conservation status: 

Least concern according to IUCN Red List criteria.


Lowland river flood plains and swamps.

Key Uses: 

Construction, fencing, cooperage, ornamental.

Known hazards: 

None known.


Genus: Taxodium

About this species

Bald cypress is a dominant tree in lowland river flood plains and swamps where it can form extensive forests of nearly pure stands. These habitats flood frequently, and this species develops characteristic ‘knees’ (pneumatophores) extending upwards from its submerged roots. In the southern USA its branches are commonly hung with the ‘air plant’ Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides). The genus Taxodium was widespread in America and Europe before the Ice Ages but then became extinct in Europe.


main info

Help us solve a 2,000 year-old mystery

Aloe vera in Kew's Princess of Wales Conservatory

Find out how you can help Kew scientists unlock the benefits of Aloe vera.

State of the World’s Plants report – out now

Pantanal in Brazil

Kew has launched a ground-breaking new report highlighting the global status of plants.