Tamarindus indica (tamarind)
Inflorescence of Tamarindus indica
Tamarindus indica L.
tamarind, Tamr hindi (Arabic - translated as Indian date), dakkar
This widely distributed species is not currently of conservation concern.
Tropical seasonally dry forest, woodland and wooded grassland, often found along rivers.
Flour from the ground seeds can cause asthma and contact dermatitis.
About this species
Tamarind fruits were traded widely in ancient times. Records from the eastern Mediterranean show Tamarindus indica was already in cultivation there in the fourth century B.C. On encountering the fruit in western India, Arab sea-traders thought the sticky black pulp and seeds of the fruit resembled their native date palm, so they combined their common name for date palm ‘Tamr’, along with the Arabic name for India (‘hindi’), to arrive at the common name tamrhindi on which the scientific name Tamarindus is based.