Ginkgo biloba, or maidenhair tree, has been described as a ‘living fossil’ because it is the sole survivor of an ancient group of trees older than the dinosaurs.
An evergreen tree from China and Vietnam, star anise is cultivated for its aromatic fruits that are used to produce a spice similar in flavour to aniseed.
A North American tree with dark-coloured timber and bark, black walnut produces timber and edible nuts (seeds) used in confectionery.
The sausage tree is sacred to many African communities and has a wide variety of uses in traditional and Western medicine, including commercially available skin lotions.
Caribbean pine is an important timber tree, one variety of which is under threat from an introduced scale insect.
Highly valued for its edible seeds known as 'pine nuts', the stone pine has been cultivated in Europe for almost 2,000 years.
The pagoda tree was introduced to Britain in 1753 and Kew's own specimen is believed to date back to 1760.
From the sausage-shaped fruits of the tamarind tree comes the sticky acidic pulp that has been used as a food ingredient for thousands of years.
A densely branching evergreen that can live for centuries, the common yew is often found in British churchyards.
The cocoa tree is the source of one of the world's most delicious and familiar products... chocolate.