Textiles and dyes
The pagoda tree was introduced to Britain in 1753 and Kew's own specimen is believed to date back to 1760.
Mitnan is a yellow-flowered desert shrub, the leaves of which are used in traditional medicine and the branches and bark are woven to make strong rope.
The nettle is one of the most useful plants in Britain and even its sting can be beneficial.
A shrub or tree, with mulberry-like leaves, paper mulberry is important as a source of fibre for cloth and paper.
Paper birch is a North American tree with waterproof bark used in earlier times to make canoes and tepee covers; its wood is now used commercially for toothpicks and ice lolly sticks.
Finger millet is one of the most nutritious of all the world’s cereal crops being rich in essential amino acids, iron and calcium. Finger millet also has many medicinal uses.
This giant herb is one of the ancestors of the plantain, whose fruits are a staple crop for millions of people throughout the tropics.
Pigeon pea is a versatile crop cultivated mainly for its edible seeds which are high in protein. It also has a number of medicinal uses.
Widely cultivated for its delicious fruits, banana is one of the most economically important crops in the world.
Rye is the eighth largest cereal crop in the world, most of which is grown in Europe for the production of rye bread, alcohol production and animal feed.