Cowpea is one of the most important pulse crops grown in West and Central Africa. This drought-tolerant crop also has a number of medicinal uses.
Widely cultivated as a forage crop, the high protein content of common vetch also makes it an excellent cover crop to restore nutrients to the soil.
The genome of the Japanese canopy plant contains 50 times more DNA than the human genome and is 15% larger than the previous record holders (the marbled lungfish and a trillium).
Tea is the most important non-alcoholic beverage in the world, and over three million tonnes are grown annually.
Bread wheat is more widely cultivated than any other crop, and world trade is of greater monetary value than all other cereals combined.
Widely cultivated for its nutritious seeds, chickpea is thought to have originated in Turkey, Syria and Iran.
Oat is cultivated throughout the temperate world, to produce food for livestock and humans, and even as an ingredient for cosmetics.
Potato is widely cultivated for its edible tubers, which are used to produce a variety of products including chips, crisps and vodka.
One of the world's most important staple crops and a major part in the diet of more than half the world’s population, rice also has many medicinal uses.
A vine from the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), sweet potato is widely cultivated for its edible root tubers.