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Solanum tuberosum (potato)

Potato is widely cultivated for its edible tubers, which are used to produce a variety of products including chips, crisps and vodka.
Solanum tuberosum (potato) tuber

Solanum tuberosum (potato)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Solanum tuberosum L.

Common name: 

potato, common potato, white potato, Irish potato, European potato

Conservation status: 

Not considered to be threatened; widespread in cultivation.

Habitat: 

Montane (highlands).

Key Uses: 

Food and drink, fodder.

Known hazards: 

Potatoes contain toxic compounds including solanine, although levels of this are low in commercial varieties and poisoning is rare.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Asteranae
Order: 
Solanales
Family: 
Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum

About this species

Potato is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which also includes tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), aubergine or eggplant (S. melongena), chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum) and petunias (Petunia species).

Considered to be the fourth most important food crop (after wheat, maize and rice), potato is cultivated in temperate and subtropical regions across the world.

Synonym: 

Solanum andigenum Juz. & Bukasov, Solanum kesselbrenneri Juz. & Bukasov, Solanum subandigena Hawkes (A full list of synonyms is available on The Plant List)

Genus: 
Solanum

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