Sclerocarya birrea (marula)
Sclerocarya birrea (marula) (Photo: CC by 3.0 license)
Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst.
Least Concern (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria; widespread and locally common.
Wooded grassland, woodland, bushland on rocky hills.
Edible fruits, medicine, timber.
About this species
An African tree with juicy fruits that are much sought after by many local people, marula is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the same plant family to which mangos and cashews belong. Marula fruit is highly prized by many animals, from elephants to mongooses – although the story that they can get drunk on fermented fruit is probably just fiction. The fruit pulp is made into a popular alcoholic drink, known as maroela mampoer or amarula.
Sclerocarya caffra Sond.