Geography and distribution
Golden weeping willow is an artificial hybrid, widely cultivated across the world.
Overview: A fast-growing tree which forms an elegant, weeping dome. The new, young growth is a rich golden colour which fades to brown as it matures. The weeping branchlets ultimately grow to a great length.
Salix × sepulcralis by a river
Leaves: Lanceolate, glossy green and glaucous beneath at first.
Flowers: Catkins appear with the leaves in late March until April, with both male and female flowers in the same catkin.
Original weeping willow
The original weeping willow, S. babylonica 'Babylon', first introduced to England, to Twickenham, in 1748 by a Mr Vernon, has now almost disappeared in the UK, mainly because of its limited frost hardiness. A few trees do however still survive near Twickenham.
Other weeping willows occasionally planted are Salix × pendulina 'Elegantissima', which has a similar weeping habit but lacks the yellow branches, and S. × pendulina 'Blanda', a less weeping form with more silvery underside of the leaves - it is locally naturalised.
Golden weeping willow is grown as an ornamental tree. The parent species of this hybrid, like other Salix species, have a long history of use for basketry, timber and medicine. One of them, Salix babylonica 'Babylon', was the inspiration for willow pattern crockery.
Salix × sepulcralis received the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society in 1984.
Although golden weeping willow is normally grown near water, it does equally well in dry places. Because the subtropical Salix babylonica 'Babylon' is one of its parents, golden weeping willow is remarkably heat-tolerant and can even be grown successfully in tropical gardens. It is a fairly short-lived tree and after 30-40 years large limbs are likely to break off.
The tree can also suffer from a number of diseases, scab and canker (willow anthracnose) being the most serious as it discolours the branchlets with black scars. Aphids, caterpillars, dieback, galls, powdery or downy mildew, nematodes and stem-borer insects can all be a problem.