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Russula meleagris

The fungus Russula meleagris is always found in a mutually beneficial association with a tropical legume tree species, Gilbertiodendron dewevrei, and has a smell that has been described as resembling that of a public toilet!
Russula meleagris

Russula meleagris cap (Photo: Bart Buyck)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Russula meleagris Buyck

Conservation status: 

Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.

Habitat: 

Primary rainforest.

Key Uses: 

Food.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Kingdom: 
Fungi
Phylum: 
Basidiomycota
Order: 
Russulales
Family: 
Russulaceae
Genus: Russula

About this species

The genus Russula is one of the largest within the order Russulales. It was described in 1797 by the South African scientist Christian Hendrik Persoon – the ‘Prince of Mycologists’. Despite his African roots, Persoon worked mainly on the temperate species of this genus. There have been many new species of Russula described from Africa in the last 25 years, and many others will probably be found.

Russula meleagris was described in 1988 by Buyck and has been depicted on a stamp in Burundi. The species name ‘meleagris’ means guinea fowl and refers to the light-dark pattern on the cap which resembles the plumage of a guinea fowl.

Genus: 
Russula

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