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Rosa chinensis (China rose)

Flowers of the China rose can vary greatly in colour and may open red, creamy white, or unusually a beautiful pale pink that later becomes red. This hardy rose is renowned for darkening over time, whereas other species lighten after opening.
Rosa chinensis var. spontanea white form at Kew Gardens

Rosa chinensis var. spontanea white form at Kew Gardens (Photo: Martyn Rix)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Rosa chinensis Jacq.

Common name: 

China rose, Chinese tea rose, yue ji hua (China)

Conservation status: 

Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.


Rocky slopes and hills.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, medicine.

Known hazards: 

None known.


Genus: Rosa

About this species

The Chinese have a long history of growing roses for both ornamental and medicinal purposes. Repeat-flowering roses were amongst cultivated plants introduced to Europe from China in the late 18th century.

Rosa chinensis, described and illustrated by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin (1727-1817) in 1768, is the ancestor of many of the popular cultivated roses found in gardens around the world today.


Rosa chinensis Jacq. f. spontanea Rehder & E.H.Wilson, Rosa nankinensis Lour., Rosa sinica L.


main info

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