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Raphanus sativus (radish)

Grown worldwide for its fleshy, edible taproot, radish is thought to have originated in the eastern Mediterranean region.
Raphanus sativus (radish) taproots

Radishes (Raphanus sativus)

Species information

Scientific name: 

Raphanus sativus L.

Common name: 

radish, common radish, wild radish, garden radish

Conservation status: 

Widespread in cultivation.

Habitat: 

Unknown.

Key Uses: 

Food.

Known hazards: 

None known.

Taxonomy

Subclass: 
Superorder: 
Rosanae
Order: 
Brassicales
Family: 
Brassicaceae
Genus: Raphanus

About this species

Raphanus sativus is a cultigen (a plant that has been altered by humans through a process of selective breeding). Because it has been in cultivation for thousands of years, its exact origins are unknown. Radish is grown all over the world for its fleshy, edible taproot. A wide variety of cultivars are available, producing taproots that range from 2 cm up to 1 m long, and from red to pink, white, purple or black in colour.

Radish is a cruciferous plant in Brassicaceae, a family that includes turnip (Brassica rapa), cabbage and relatives (Brassica oleracea) and horseradish (Armoracia rusticana).

The generic name Raphanus derives from the Greek ra, meaning quickly, and phainomai, meaning to appear, in reference to the rapid germination of radish seeds. The common name radish derives from the Latin for root, radix.

Synonym: 

Raphanus acanthiformis J.M. Morel ex Sasaki, Raphanus candidus Vorosch., Raphanus macropodus H. Lév. (full list available on The Plant List)

Genus: 
Raphanus

main info

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