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Platanus orientalis (oriental plane)

Native to southeast Europe and southwest Asia, oriental plane is a long-lived tree with widely spreading branches and spiky round fruits.
Oriental plane at Kew Gardens

Platanus orientalis (oriental plane) next to the Orangery at Kew Gardens

Species information

Scientific name: 

Platanus orientalis L.

Common name: 

oriental plane, chenar, chennar

Conservation status: 

Least Concern (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria considered to be endangered in parts of its range.


Temporary, moist, stone or gravel ravines.

Key Uses: 

Ornamental, timber, medicine.

Known hazards: 

Hairs from the leaves and fruits of Platanus × hispanica can cause bronchial problems.


Genus: Platanus

About this species

A tree with widely spreading branches, maple-like leaves and flaky bark, oriental plane is also noted for its dangling, spiky round clusters of fruits. The Tree of Hippocrates, under which the ancient Greek physician taught medicine at Kos, is reputed to have been an oriental plane tree. The common or London plane (Platanus × hispanica) is allegedly a hybrid of P. orientalis and P. occidentalis (American plane) and is a popular ornamental in towns and cities outside the tropics due in part to its ability to withstand air pollution, drought and compacted soil.


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